Browsing Tag: education

    I Saw A Ship Sailing | Kindergarten Nursery Rhymes | Cartoon Videos For Babies by Kids Tv
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    I Saw A Ship Sailing | Kindergarten Nursery Rhymes | Cartoon Videos For Babies by Kids Tv

    December 10, 2019


    Look at that beautiful ship I saw a ship a-sailing, A-sailing on the sea; And, oh! it was all laden with pretty, things for thee! There were comfits in the cabin,
    And apples in the hold; The sails were made of silk,
    And the masts were made of gold I saw a ship a-sailing, A-sailing on the sea; I saw a ship a-sailing, A-sailing on the sea; The four-and-twenty sailors that stood between the decks, Were four-and-twenty white mice with chains about their necks. The captain was a duck, with a packet on his back; And when the ship began to move,
    The captain said, “Quack! Quack!” I saw a ship a-sailing, A-sailing on the sea; I saw a ship a-sailing, A-sailing on the sea;

    The Largest Arctic Expedition Ever Is Freezing Itself in the Ice, Here’s Why
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    The Largest Arctic Expedition Ever Is Freezing Itself in the Ice, Here’s Why

    December 7, 2019


    Last month, hundreds of researchers from all
    over the world started the largest-ever Arctic expedition aboard a ship just over 500 kilometers
    from the North Pole. What makes this project even more unique is that the entire ship will
    be frozen, embedded in sea ice for an entire year. So it begs the question, why are they
    even doing this? For starters, it’s the most ambitious climate
    change expedition ever attempted of the Arctic. The Multidisciplinary Drifting Observatory
    for the Study of Arctic Climate, or MOSAiC, will be studying the effects of a warming
    climate on the central Arctic’s atmosphere, ice, ocean, and ecosystems. By drifting with
    the ice for a year, the team will be able to collect the necessary information to create
    better climate models to help inform what the Arctic will look like as it continues
    to warm. “For us, there are a number of knowns and
    unknowns. The knowns are that we are going out to the Arctic with all kinds of instrumentation,
    more than there’s ever been on a ship before out in the Arctic. We know we’re going to
    get a lot of first measurements of many types of data. It’s our first look at things like winter time aerosol properties, first look at like scanning cloud radar measurements. Then there’s a lot of unknowns, and those are really related to the conditions that we’re going to encounter there.
    So the sea ice, we’re really at the mercy of the sea ice.”
    When they arrived at their destination, the German icebreaker, called Polarstern, chose
    the perfect ice floe to attach itself to, a crucial part of this mission since the ice
    needs to withstand the weight of heavy instruments. This ice floe will serve as the so-called
    ‘ice camp’ for the expedition’s experiments and a landing strip for research planes. Once
    frozen in place, the scientists will have to set up camp quickly, as winter is coming
    for roughly 150 days, and come November, they’ll be operating in complete darkness.
    And that is when nature takes over. Drifting at about 7 km per day, the frozen ship hopes
    to follow the path taken by ice floes along a phenomenon called the transpolar drift.
    This path will allow the ship to drift from the pole and move south towards the Fram Strait,
    located east of Greenland, where the expedition will come to a close.
    The ship will have about 100 people aboard at a time. It will be frozen in place, in complete darkness, while research continues. And the Polarstern will be at the
    center of most of MOSAiC’s research, containing laboratories and technical equipment onboard
    to take measurements and observe the environment. At the base camp, experiments will be divided
    into different hubs like ROV City, which will use remotely operated vehicles to observe
    marine organisms and collect water samples from beneath the ice. Or MET city which will
    measure the composition of the atmosphere using tethered balloons, which will continuously
    float 2 km above the camp. On top of all the research, the Polarstern will have a distributed
    network of observational sites operating within a 50 km radius of the ship, which will be
    equipped with remote and autonomous sensors to collect additional oceanic, ice, and atmospheric
    data. “At the end of our year in the Arctic, we’re going to learn a lot about the new Arctic system. With thinner sea ice, with the interactions that are
    adapting themselves to the change, we’re going to learn a lot about how the Arctic is manifesting.”
    And in the spirit of collaboration, the researchers will upload their information to a database,
    making it accessible to their hundreds of MOSAiC colleagues worldwide. So we’ll just
    have to wait and see the anticipated results of this expedition that could help us better
    map the future of our planet. Are there any other scientific expeditions
    that you’d like to see us cover, let us know down in the comments. Make sure to subscribe
    to Seeker and thanks for watching.

    What If? – YWAM Ships Kona
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    What If? – YWAM Ships Kona

    December 4, 2019


    The world is a watery place and no
    generations past have used the waterways to seek their own fortunes and take what
    was not theirs. Today, Floating Cities of Hope are
    setting sail to give and not to take, to serve and not the gain. Of the seven
    billion people on earth. 2.3 have no reliable source of energies. Four billion
    are without modern communication services. 863 million people remain
    illiterate, more than 1 billion people don’t have access to roads. 2 billion
    people still have no access to basic health or dental care and every hour, 900
    children under the age of 5 die due to the lack of basic sanitation. Without access to
    education or basic human rights many live without options,
    not everyone has an airport nearby but a boat can reach shores, where there are no
    airports and gain access to the most remote places on earth,
    in fact Ships can reach nearly 80% of the world’s population via sea ports and
    waterways and can carry a mobile community equipped to help, a crew of
    missionaries ready to make a diffrence. What if people were empowered to speak
    up whose voices were once silenced? Those from remote places could have access to
    health care food and clean water supplies? Local businesses once abandoned
    were stimulated and people could benefit from the natural resources of their own
    lands, people on the ground were trained to be trainers themselves. What if the
    quality of life can be radically improved and sustained for people far
    and wide. With core strategies of training trainers, evangelism and acts of
    compassion with YWAM Ships are ready for action!
    YWAM Ships carry equipment and supplies with the ability to support
    ministry for extended periods of time. These self sustained mobile cities carry
    not only solar resources, food, water and medical supplies, but our communities and
    workers have expertise to administer, educate, train and empower those on the
    ground to bring change in their own communities. These vessels have the
    potential to disciple multiple spheres of society and impact entire regions. A
    new generation of seafaring pioneers and adventurers are emerging selfless in
    their zeal. To know God and make him known. I’m serious about changing
    people’s lives, passionate students, professionals and volunteers are
    gathering the see the waterways now become waves of life and hope. Now in Southern
    California and other locations in North America
    we believe there are ships to be released! It’s time for America to see
    these Vessels of Hope released from our ports. Join with us in this historic
    moment. Hope on the Waterways. YWAM Ships.

    Why Does Fish Flake?
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    Why Does Fish Flake?

    December 3, 2019


    {♫Intro♫} Whether you like it in your tacos, fried with
    chips, or on top of rice, fish can be delicious. But if you’ve ever eaten it, you probably
    noticed how flaky fish can be. Poke at it with your fork and it just falls
    apart — no knife required. Other meats, like beef or pork, don’t break
    up into those little chunks, either. It turns out that the same muscle physiology
    that helps fish get around underwater ultimately means better tacos for us. Fish bodies are ridiculously muscular compared
    to land animals. Cows may look like tanks made of beef, but muscle makes up less than half of their
    body mass, while in salmon or tuna it can be over 60%. And almost all of that is fast-twitch muscle,
    which is exactly what it sounds like: muscle that contracts quickly and forcefully. That’s a pretty handy adaptation if you
    need to quickly swim away from predators. In contrast, land mammals tend to have a much
    larger proportion of slow-twitch muscle fibers to support their bodies during hours of standing
    and grazing. But even when land animal tissues have lots
    of fast-twitch muscle — like a turkey breast — it doesn’t flake
    like salmon. It shreds. That’s because land animals organize their
    muscle fibers into fascicles, long bundles wrapped in connective tissue. Fish instead have overlapping layers called
    myomeres, W-shaped segments that interlock with each
    other and allow the fish to bend its whole body side to side as it
    swims. It’s these layers that create the chunks
    that break apart when you poke them with a fork. Myomeres are wrapped up a bit differently,
    too. All animal muscle contains some connective
    tissue called collagen, but bite for bite, fish meat has less collagen
    than its bovine counterparts. Collagen binds myomeres together, and you
    can sometimes see it as white stripes in a cut of fish. Fish collagen also breaks down at a much lower
    temperature, compared to that of land animals, due to different
    amounts of an amino acid called hydroxyproline. This is fine when the fish are in their comparatively
    chilly habitat, but makes a big difference in your frying
    pan. All that collagen becomes gelatinous when
    heated, which causes it fall apart more easily. So, not only is fish muscle organized into
    chunks on the animal, but the connective tissue it’s wrapped in
    disintegrates more easily before it gets to our forks. If all this makes you look at fish a little
    differently, allow me to recommend the fried version. You can’t see the flakes and it goes great
    with sriracha. Thanks for watching this episode of SciShow, and a huge thanks to our President of Space
    Matthew Brant for your support. If you’re interested in joining our community
    of patrons and maybe becoming the next President of Space,
    check out patreon.com/scishow. {♫Outro♫}

    Golden Rules of Kayak Fishing
    Articles, Blog

    Golden Rules of Kayak Fishing

    December 3, 2019


    This episode of kayak fishing tales is
    brought to you by the ACA improving the paddle sports experience for over a
    century learn more at AmericanCanoe.org ♪ [Opening Theme] ♪ The golden rules of kayak fishing are a
    set of basic rules that all kayak anglers should follow. among other things, these rules will help
    keep you safe on the water, and they’ll enhance both yours, and other angler’s outdoor experiences. The first rule is a very simple, but
    valuable one. always wear a life jacket the water. Think of your life jacket like a seatbelt in your vehicle chances are you won’t need it, but
    accidents happen when you least expect them to, and wearing a life jacket can
    save your life. the best life jackets for kayak fishing
    are ones that are designed specifically for the job, because they’re comfortable
    to wear, they give your arms full range of motion for paddling and casting, and
    they have lots of pockets for fishing tackle and gear that you want quick
    access to. The second rule is to leave no trace, which means leaving wherever you launch and fish, cleaner than it was when you got there not only is it important to respect the
    environment, but keeping our fishing grounds clean will also help keep access
    to launch spots open. The third golden rule is to invest some time and learning the ‘kayaking’ part of the game. Although fishing kayaks are stable and
    comfortable enough for most anyone to hop onto them and start catching fish,
    learning to become a better paddler WILL make you a better angler, and on top of
    that, it will keep you safer on the water. Rule number four, is simply to know the
    rules and regulations of the waters you’re fishing. the fifth and final golden rule, is to
    share your knowledge with others. one of the greatest things about the
    kayak fishing community, is that it’s a very friendly and open community, and
    most kayak anglers are happy to share the lessons or tricks they’ve learned, which enhances the outdoor experience for everyone. well I hope you found this video helpful, and
    if you did please subscribe to the Kayak Fishing Tales youtube channel for lots
    more tips and tricks. until next time, I’m Jeff Herman hoping you
    have a safe and successful kayak fishing trip.

    Why Did Nine Ships Disappear In Perfect Weather?
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    Why Did Nine Ships Disappear In Perfect Weather?

    December 1, 2019


    Most people have heard of the mysterious Bermuda
    Triangle in the west of the North Atlantic. But did you know that there’s also a similarly
    deadly region in the Pacific, known as the Devil’s Sea? Located off Japan’s coast in the world’s
    biggest ocean this area has swallowed up ships and aircraft both in the past as well as much
    more recently. But why does this happen and how? Let’s find out in this episode of the Infographics
    Show, Nine Ships Lost in Perfect Weather. To the Japanese the area is known as the Mo-no
    Umi, or literally the Sea of the Devil. Alternatively, it is also referred to as the
    Dragon’s Triangle or the Bermuda Triangle of the Pacific. The exact coordinates of where it is seem
    to be somewhat open to debate; however, the rough location remains the same. Most claim it is a triangle with a top point
    near Tokyo, Japan, with its left corner hitting the Philippines, and its right reaching just
    short of the Mariana Trench. It spans a good portion of the Philippine
    Sea. If you were to make a horizontal line from
    its center around the globe, on the opposite side of the world you would pass right through
    the heart of the Atlantic’s Bermuda Triangle. Many believe this is no coincidence. Beyond its ability to seemingly swallow up
    boats and planes whole, it is also where people claim to have experienced many strange things. Some have seen ghost ships set sail, UFOs
    fly among the clouds, or monsters deftly navigate its waters. It is where others have witnessed mysterious
    inconsistencies with the passing of time and the functioning of electronic devices. Could it also be where Amelia Earhart met
    her end? According to some conspiracy theorists, this
    is exactly what happened. Though others hypothesize that she was both
    captured and killed by the Japanese. Of course, the position of the US government
    is that she simply crashed somewhere unknown at sea. To add yet further to the Devil’s Triangle’s
    mystery, some suggest it could be the site of The Lost City of Atlantis. As it is impossible to explore what lies beneath,
    we’ll never know if this is the case. These and many other strange things have been
    associated with the lethal waters that go back thousands of years. There are tales of 13 century attempts at
    Mongol attacks on Japan acting on orders of the grandson of Genghis Kahn. They tried two such invasions in both 1274
    and 1281 AD. Unfortunately, to get to their target area
    they had to first navigate the Devil’s Sea. Typhoon storms ended up battering the fleets
    on both occasions, and the second one was especially strong. This threw off the attacks and led to celebrations
    among the Japanese population. Shattered remains of water-logged ships from
    the Mongolian fleet still rest on the ocean’s bottom. It’s estimated that around 40,000 men were
    lost along with their ships to the sea. This was followed by several sightings of
    a single lady on a ship sailing along the Dragon’s Triangle all alone. What she was doing or what vessel she sailed
    have never been determined with any certainty. Her ship was unusual as it was described as
    the shape of a box used to hold incense, unlike the design of other ships common to the area. Beyond this strange sight, many claimed to
    have glimpsed strange lights that shone out from above the waves. Mysterious events only continued in the 1940s
    and 1950s. During these ten years several ships who entered
    the Devil’s Sea area were never heard from again. 20 submarines from World War II similarly
    disappeared. Specifically, the stretch between the Miyake
    and Iwo Jima islands seemed to be particularly deadly. Some who navigated the treacherous waters
    of the Devil’s Triangle and survived claimed that the weather would change suddenly and
    drastically, without an obvious cause or warning. They have mentioned devastating rogue waves
    coming out of nowhere or strong maelstroms mercilessly spinning in the waters of the
    sea. In addition to this, Toksiaki Lang, who flew
    over the area during battle with the US in the Second World War, claimed to have glimpsed
    a long serpent-like monster with wings gliding through the water. There were more unusual tales from during
    the war. A pilot in a Kawanishi HK-8 plane who was
    looking for signs of the Americans approaching radioed in to the military base on the mainland. After mentioning that the sky was opening
    up communication was lost and never continued. Some wonder if some higher power claimed him
    or a portal had opened up to another dimension. Nothing will ever be known for certain. Between the years of 1950 and 1954 alone,
    as many as nine ships equipped with radios and sailing in calm seas went missing. Only one had called for help. Noticing a troubling trend midway through
    this time, Japan decided to investigate. It dispatched a research ship, the Kaio Maru
    No.5 to take a closer look. Sadly, the vessel became yet another statistic. While the ship was found none of the remains
    of those manning the vessel ever were. It is estimated between 1952 and 1954 five
    Japanese vessels sank or vanished and more than 700 people died in a Devil’s Sea location. However, after the loss of Kaio Maru No.5
    Japan had already terminated all open investigations into the region. They knew if they revisited the area exactly
    what would happen. And sure enough, their fears were soon proven
    true with the continued loss of their citizen’s vessels as well as those of others. This was despite the fact that the Japanese
    government had issued an official warning about the dangers. It’s clear that many tragic things have
    happened at the Devil’s Triangle. What’s less clear is why. A theory that has largely been debunked is
    that, like the Bermuda Triangle, it is one of the world’s twelve Vile Vortices. This term was first given by a biologist known
    as Ivan T. Sanderson who classified each of these places around the globe as the site
    of strange electromagnetic activity. He also referred to them as the world’s
    graveyards and it’s not hard to see why. Sanderson believed that they are caused by
    combinations of hot and cold air and water currents that met in these specific locations. According to his calculations, this happened
    in a type of pattern. When he drew lines to connect the Vile Vortices
    of the world, they formed a 20-faced polyhedron. Because of these unusual events, it would
    throw off the function of navigation instruments, as well as other things. Pilot Tetsuzan Naito would attest to this. According to some sources, he had been flying
    over Miyake Island when his instruments went haywire for a full 15 minutes. Then, alarmingly, his engine started sputtering. Further, he claims, after all this had happened,
    he was temporarily surrounded by a strange green glow. Interestingly, green haze has also been reported
    in the sky above the waters of the Bermuda Triangle. To continue with Sander’s theories, remember
    that the 12 Vile Vortices were, he believed, a convergence of Earth’s power that caused
    strange electromagnetic activity. For this reason, he claimed a vile vortex
    could not only lead to things disappearing or strange instrument function, but paranormal
    activity or gateways to different dimensions. Pilot Takeo Tada flying over the area in 1971
    seemingly supported this. He claimed it was a nice, though cloudy day
    when he saw a flying orange saucer appear before him. As it was traveling rather slowly, he was
    able to observe it closely before it vanished into a cloud. However, afraid of ridicule, he didn’t share
    this story until decades had passed. Those who are less inclined to believe in
    the world’s intersecting power grid and Sander’s ideas, may be pleased that there
    are also other more logical explanations. The Miyake-jima and Iwo-jima islands, or area
    with much strange activity and disappearances, are near the Izu-Bonin volcanic arc, with
    actively erupting volcanoes. In fact, in ancient times the Chinese believed
    that all problems in the area stemmed from dragons beneath the waters of the Devil’s
    Triangle with a hunger that they satisfied by feasting on entire ships. It may be that what they mistook for a fire
    breathing dragon was really an underwater eruption that had breached the surface. Researcher Larry Kushe is said to have found
    proof that the wreck of the Japanese investigating ship was actually caused by a volcano known
    as Myojin-sho erupting. Volcano activity could also lead to earthquakes
    and thunder and lightning storms, which would make sailing overhead quite dangerous. There is additional evidence of continual
    underwater movement and explosions that can be seen from far above. The shifting of tectonic plates either lift
    land up or bring it down. This is why the area near Iwo Jima has continually
    forming and then quickly disappearing landmasses or islands. Of course, there is the apparently bottomless
    Mariana Trench nearby with unknown if any effects but probably only adds further instability
    to the area. Some also believe methane gas from the seabed
    below could have journeyed to the surface with disastrous consequences. In fact, some theorize this could sink a ship
    and leave behind little if any evidence. This is because it causes problems with buoyancy
    as it is difficult to float on a bubbling sea. In fact, an NBC news article updated in 2003
    describes the odorless gas as first being solid in pressurized conditions but turning
    to gas as it breaks free and drifts upward. This could then potentially lead to a gigantic
    bubble which could easily overtake a ship. However, if far enough away or, surprisingly,
    right above such a bubble a vessel remains safe. Through experiments scientists have found
    that it is when ships are near the edge of the trough that forms that they would be in
    trouble. Lots and lots of it. Of course, Larry Kusche, who proposed the
    volcanic activity theory, also claims that the tales of the damage The Devil’s Triangle
    has wrought to those in the air and sea have been exaggerated. In his belief, many of the ships that vanished
    there actually went down in different locations entirely. And, as we just described, those who did vanish
    in the Devil’s Sea, Kusche believed, were victims of multiple natural phenomena, nothing
    other worldly, inexplicable, or strange. Further, taking vessels into the open sea
    is known to be dangerous. Many navigate the ocean’s waters and it
    is almost inevitable that for some reason or other ships would eventually flounder and
    sink. So, while all of these ideas of dragons, portals,
    or aliens are fun to consider, there are really any of several logical reasons for each disaster. Of course, it could also be a combination
    of all of these theories, a little UFO and portal activity mixed with the actions of
    bubbles and volcanoes. Tell us, what’s your take on the many nautical
    and in-flight tragedies that took place near the Devil’s Sea? Is there a simple explanation or is it truly
    a mystery? Let us know in the comments! Also, be sure to check out our other video
    called 50 Facts About Bermuda Triangle! Thanks for watching, and, as always, don’t
    forget to like, share, and subscribe. See you next time!

    The Ghost Ship That The Government Tried To Keep A Secret – The Ourang Medan
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    The Ghost Ship That The Government Tried To Keep A Secret – The Ourang Medan

    December 1, 2019


    This video was made possible by WIX. If you are ready to create a website, head
    over to wix.com/go/infographics to try out one of their premium plans right now. The ocean is a vast, mysterious frontier,
    and even though thousands of ships navigate its waters every day, from time to time tragedy
    strikes and leaves behind little more than a mystery- no wreckage, no survivors, just
    a haunting sense of “what exactly happened?”. But other times tragedy strikes and leaves
    behind a plethora of evidence, all pointing at sinister and unbelievable conclusions. Hello, and welcome to another episode of The
    Infographics Show’s Greatest Mysteries- today we’re taking a look at the ghost ship Ourang
    Medan. Ghost ships have been a stable of maritime
    folklore for centuries, and something we like to pretend we no longer believe in. However, sometimes fate tests that disbelief,
    pushing back the boundaries of our knowledge and our confidence in science and reason over
    superstition. The Ourang Medan is one of those tests, a
    mystery tempting us with an answer we may find too terrifying to accept. Reports vary on the start of the Ourang Medan
    mystery, with some placing it in June of 1947 and others in February of 1948. Whatever the date, the saga of the Ourang
    Medan began with an emergency distress call over morse code intercepted by various vessels
    in the Straits of Malacca, near Sumatra and Malaysia. The message was split into two parts, with
    undecipherable morse code in between each. The first part read: “All Officers, including
    the Captain, are dead. Lying in chartroom and bridge. Possibly whole crew dead.” Gibberish followed, though given the context
    of the second message it may have been the fading attempts of a dying man to communicate,
    as the second message simply read: “I die.” Nothing followed after this transmission,
    but two American commercial ships decided to respond. With the aid of British and Dutch listening
    posts the coordinates of the vessel were triangulated and a course was set. The identity of the stricken vessel was also
    ascertained as being the Dutch freighter S.S. Ourang Medan. The American merchant ship, the Silver Star,
    immediately made way for the coordinates and several hours later the look-out spotted the
    Ourang Medan. The ship was discovered to be drifting aimlessly
    with no power to the motors and no visible crew, though there appeared to be no damage
    to the vessel. Pulling alongside it, the crew of the Silver
    Star called out to the Medan but received no response. Radio contact was attempted with the same
    eerily silent response. Forming a boarding party, the Captain of the
    Silver Star prepared to board the vessel. What greeted the sailors upon boarding the
    Medan was like a scene from a horror movie, and proved the SOS message to be very accurate. Dead sailors littered the deck of the ship,
    each man found with their faces frozen in wide-eyed horror and twisted in terror. Their bodies had begun to decay abnormally
    fast, and rigor mortis had locked their arms in positions that made it seem as if the crew
    had died fending some nightmarish attacker off. The single animal on board the ship, a pet
    dog, had not escaped the grisly fate and was found with a savage snarl frozen on its face. A further search of the vessel found the Captain
    on the bridge in a similar condition, and the bodies of the Bridge Officers were discovered
    in the wheelhouse and Chartroom, perhaps trying to barricade themselves from whatever monstrous
    fate had befallen the rest of the crew. The engineering crew, also at their stations
    below deck, were discovered with the same frozen look of terror, arms stiff and fending
    off their attacker. Lastly, the radio operator who presumably
    sent the distress call was discovered still at his station, likely having died there just
    moments after sending the SOS. The Silver Star’s search party made several
    notes about their discoveries aboard the Ourang Medan. Firstly, not a single crew member had any
    visible injuries to speak of, though it was clear by their twisted expressions and frozen
    limbs that they had suffered greatly, perhaps even been engaged in some sort of bloodless
    violence. The bodies were also decaying much faster
    than they should be, rigor mortis had locked limbs in place almost as if they had never
    had a chance to lose muscle control and fall to the floor. The rest of the ship was found in good condition
    with no apparent signs of damage or disaster, though strangest of all was the still operational
    boiler room- despite temperatures of over 130 degrees (54 Celsius), the crew felt a
    sudden chill in this location. Deciding to tow the ship back to port for
    investigation and salvage, the Silver Star secured tow lines when suddenly smoke was
    discovered below decks in the number four hold. Fire quickly followed, and the boarding party
    made haste to their own ship before severing the tow lines. The moment the lines were cut, the ship exploded
    with a force so violent it lifted it out of the water before slipping beneath the waves. Whatever secrets the ship may have held disappeared
    as it sunk, and the first official mention of the incident was made in Dutch newspapers
    in 1948, and later in a US Coast Guard report in 1952. Publishing eyewitness testimony about the
    state of the crew, the report said that the crew were discovered “their frozen faces
    upturned to the sun… staring, as if in fear… the mouths were gaping open and the eyes staring.” What could have taken the lives of an entire
    ship’s crew so quickly without leaving any wounds behind? Some speculate that the cargo hold was loaded
    with potassium cyanide and nitroglycerin, which would have accounted for the sudden
    smoke and explosion. But neither would account for the crew- which
    is where some believe, things get more sinister as some speculate that the ship was secretly
    carrying cargo from Japanese military Unit 731. Infamous for their chemical and biological
    experiments during World War II, Unit 731 routinely carried out horrific experiments
    on live American and Chinese POWs, including once tying prisoners to stakes in concentric
    circles around a live grenade which was then exploded. By studying the wounds suffered, the Japanese
    honed their surgical skills and learned to make better anti-personnel explosives. Some allege that the Ourang Medan was carrying
    equipment or personnel from Unit 731 when suddenly an accidental release of some ghastly
    chemical or biological agent affected the entire crew. As wanted war criminals, any surviving members
    of Unit 731 may have had motivation for keeping the ship’s identity a secret, which would
    account for one of the most contentious pieces of the Ourang Medan account- the ship was
    never listed on any known registries at the time. Skeptics also point out that the Silver Star
    was also not on any known registries, although this is inaccurate as the ship was in fact
    at the time operating under a different registration: the Santa Juana after the Grace Line shipping
    company bought rights to the ship and renamed it. Many skeptics still disbelief the case of
    the Ourang Medan, yet if the ship was in fact carrying secret and dangerous materials it
    would certainly have been prudent to keep its name off official records. Most curious of all however is that the ship
    was mentioned in a private letter years later by C.H. Marck, the assistant to the Director of the
    CIA. The letter which was declassified by the CIA
    only recently was addressed to an unknown individual who’s name remained redacted, and
    is dated December 5, 1959. In the letter Marck explains the events, from
    discovery of the crew to the mysterious explosion, followed by the statement, “I feel sure
    that the S.S. Ourang Medan tragedy holds the answer to many of these airplane accidents,
    and unsolved mysteries of the sea.” [Include screenshot of letter found at https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/CIA-RDP80R01731R000300010043-5.pdf] Marck also goes on to highlight what he calls
    “alarming” passages in old English chronicles, and talks about the sightings of huge fiery
    spheres rising from or disappearing into the sea by ship captains and crews. Most chilling of all however is the question
    Marck poses to the unknown recipient: “Do you think “something from the unknown”
    is involved?”. At the end of the letter, he then asks “the
    enchanting sea, what terrifying “secret” does it hold? I feel sure that the S.S. Ourang Medan tragedy
    also holds the answer to this “secret”. What exactly did Marck mean by “something
    from the unknown” being involved? What “secret” was he inferring to? Why did he place both in quotation marks? Why was the assistant to the director of the
    CIA concerned by a simple ghost ship story, and who was this mysterious recipient who’s
    identity the CIA has kept classified? If the Ouran Medan was nothing more than a
    tall sea tale, why was the most powerful intelligence agency in the world interested in the story? We love ghost stories here at The Infographics
    Show- but one thing we don’t love is terrible web hosts. That’s why we use Wix- with fully customizable
    layouts and easy, intuitive design tools, Wix is perfect for both business professionals
    and amateurs alike. But if you’re really in a rush, Wix’s
    powerful ADI feature can create a personalized site for you in seconds just by answering
    a few simple questions! Click the link in the description or go to
    wix.com/go/infographics and check out how easy it is to make an awesome site! What do you think happened to the Ourang Medan? Why was the CIA interested? Let us know in the comments. Also, be sure to check out our other video
    The Cannibal Island – Real Life Battle Royale. Thanks for watching, and as always, please
    don’t forget to like, share and subscribe. See you next time.

    Sucky Fish & Relationship Advice from Ants | Natural News from The Field Museum | Ep. 3
    Articles, Blog

    Sucky Fish & Relationship Advice from Ants | Natural News from The Field Museum | Ep. 3

    November 29, 2019


    Heey and welcome back to Natural News from
    The Field Museum! Todays stories include exciting dinosaur discoveries, things that suck, and the importance of not becoming a parasite in any long-term
    relationship you may have. Lets go! Fishes collections manager Caleb McMahan and
    co-authors recently had a publication in the Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural
    Science from Louisiana State University about something that SUCKS. Literally. Hypostomus niceforoi is a species of suckermouth
    armored catfish that is found in Andean streams in Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Peru — but
    this new paper reveals that the species has recently been collected from Lago Nicaragua,
    in Nicaragua. And given the big geographic leap and saltwater
    barriers, the fish probably didnt swim there, BUT.. it may have flown. At least, part of the way. See, ornamental fishes often travel thousands
    of miles from their original homes to end up in your fishtank. The papers authors believe that this fish
    trade is the reason why a South American catfish was found in a Central American lake. The ornamental fish industry has been in place
    in Central and South America for decades, and when sustainably and responsibly managed
    this industry provides jobs for thousands of people. But, when pet owners grow tired of their scaly
    pets and decide to dump them in a local water system, its seriously bad news: one estimate
    is the aquarium trade has contributed to a third of the worlds worst aquatic and invasive
    species, which makes that one scene from Finding Nemo not NEARLY as endearing. Armored catfishes like this species of Hypostomus
    can become entangled in fishing nets and ruin them, due to their long spines and barbs. More dramatically, different species of armored
    catfishes are known invasives in other parts of Central America and the extent of their
    negative impact on those environments is not yet fully understood. So let this be a friendly reminder and dont
    dump your fish! If youre looking to get rid of your pet and
    its still healthy, consider returning it to a pet store, or donating your setup to a school
    or retirement home. Because even if you think youre saving one
    fish by releasing it into the wild, you could be irreversibly damaging an entire population
    of native fishes. And thats a bummer of a thought! —
    Weve got an update from Field Correspondent M. Lee Grass Lee, who is reporting on recent
    dino finds in Utah. Fossil preparator Akiko Shinya and curator
    Pete Makovicky are out west doing some good, ol-fashioned prospecting with a few other
    staffers hoping to strike paleo-gold. Lets go to the Field. Thanks Emily. Were back in Utah here with Pete and Akiko
    where theyve spent three weeks conducting field work on the lookout for dinosaurs – and
    boy is it hot. While searching for these 112-98 million year
    old remains, the team walked up to 12 miles a day in 100 degree heat. But diligence pays off, and after a week of
    nothing they scored big when they discovered a partial skeleton of a probable armored dinosaur. The team also salvaged a small, Late Jurassic
    herbivorous dinosaur, which had been located by a state geologist and then run over by
    local dirt bike enthusiasts, as well as the skeleton of a large sauropod. The paleontologists gave no additional details
    on that find so far, but well know more soon. Back to you! —
    Thanks M. Lee. Museum media producer Greg Mercer joined the
    team in Utah and provided those clips for us! If you want to learn more about that particular
    field trip, be sure to stay tuned for his mini-documentary, comin at you soon. And now – ants. In Lewis Carrolls book Through the Looking
    Glass, the Red Queen tells Alice it takes all the running you can do, to keep in the
    same place. Biologists took this phrase and ran with it
    (PUN), and today in biology, the Red Queen Hypothesis refers to the pressure on competitive
    species to evolve as rapidly as possible so as to outgun their competition. But in the last ten years, statistical modeling
    has suggested the opposite is true for mutualists, which are two species that each benefit from
    the activity of the other – like when you do the dishes because your partner made dinner. This is called the Red King Hypothesis — the
    idea the the two mutualist species evolve at a slower rate, so as to avoid interrupting
    their beneficial partnership. All hypotheses require testing, and curator
    and ant scientist Corrie Moreau and Princeton post-doc Ben Rubin were curious to find out
    how long it takes these mutualist relationships to evolve between two species. They examined the bonds between acacia trees
    and certain species of ants side note, if you remember in our video What the Function?
    we learned with Destin from SmarterEveryDay that certain stinging ants live in the hollowed
    thorns of acacia trees. The tree provides food and shelter, and in
    turn, the ant protects the tree from elephants and other grazers who might eat the leaves. In non-scientific terms, thats what you call
    a win-win. Corrie and Bens findings were published recently
    in Nature Communications, and they discovered something unexpected, which is that mutualists
    actually evolve more quickly than competitive species, not more slowly, because they constantly
    need to adapt to their environments and keep up with changes of their mutualist partner. Corrie proposes this is because many species
    switch between mutualism and parasitism over time you stop offering to help with dinner
    or do the dishes, and that relationship becomes pretty one-sided. So each species needs to react quickly to
    their situation, meaning faster rates of evolution. So the lesson from this is that its important
    to work hard on maintaining balanced relationships, and both sides gotta put in the effort. Otherwise.. One of you is going to turn into a parasite. I really shouldnt be giving relationship advice. —
    Hey guys, thanks for watching this episode of Natural News from the Field Museum. If you want to know more about anything we
    covered today, check out the links to the articles in the description, and subscribe
    to get a notification the next time we upload an episode! The next episode on The Brain Scoop is about
    artificial head-binding in Ancient Egypt. Stay tuned.

    How Do Fish Breathe? | Animal Science for Kids
    Articles, Blog

    How Do Fish Breathe? | Animal Science for Kids

    November 28, 2019


    Squeaks and I are adopting a pet goldfish! He lives in a fish tank, and he’s a great
    swimmer! In fact, this little guy’s whole body is
    really suited to life in the water. He has great fins to help him swim, and eyes
    that can stay open in the water. These special body parts help him to live
    in his underwater home, so we call them adaptations. There’s one adaptation that’s really important
    for our new fish friend to survive in a fish tank or pond. He needs to be able to breathe underwater. People can’t breathe underwater because
    there’s no air. We have to hold our breath, or use special
    equipment like scuba gear to get air. But our goldfish isn’t holding his breath,
    and he didn’t bring scuba gear! Instead of breathing air, he actually breathes
    water. Humans, fish, and all kinds of other animals
    have to breathe for the same reason: we all need something called oxygen. Even though air might not seem like it’s made
    of anything, it’s actually made up of lots of tiny things called molecules that are way
    too small for you to see. Oxygen is one of the ingredients in air, and
    it’s really important: it helps your body make energy! You need oxygen to break down your food, move
    your muscles, and even just to think with your brain. There’s oxygen in air, but you need it to
    get into and all around your whole body! So, you have special organs called lungs to
    help get that oxygen. When you breathe in, you can feel your lungs
    expand full of air, just like a balloon. Once they’re full of air, your lungs pull
    the oxygen that you need out of the air before you breathe out. That oxygen goes into your blood and travels
    all throughout your body. There’s air all around us, so as long as
    you we breathe, you can get oxygen. Land animals can have all different shapes
    and sizes of lungs, but animals that live underwater, like fish, need oxygen, too! Fish don’t have lungs, and there isn’t
    any air around them. Animals like our goldfish need to use another
    way to get their oxygen. And guess what? Water is full of oxygen, just like the air
    is! So fish can get their oxygen straight from
    the water they live in. They just need an adaptation to get the oxygen
    out of the water. Instead of lungs, most underwater creatures
    have another special body part that allows them to pull oxygen straight out of the water,
    called their gills. Gills look like little slits on either side
    of a fish’s face. A fish’s gills work a lot like our lungs. When a fish pulls in water through its mouth,
    the water goes back out through its gills. As the water runs through the gills, it goes
    right past the fish’s blood. The oxygen in the water flows into the fish’s
    blood, and now the fish can use the oxygen all over its body! The fish is basically breathing water with
    gills, instead of air with lungs. Other types of animals besides fish use gills,
    too. Crabs, lobsters, snails, and even some bugs
    use gills to breathe! So, even though we both have very different
    ways of getting it, our goldfish needs oxygen just like I do. Isn’t that right, little fish? What do you think we should name our new fish? Ask a grown-up to help you leave a comment
    below, or you can send us an email at [email protected] Thanks, and we’ll see you next time here at
    the Fort!