Browsing Tag: fish

    The Mystery of the Barreleye Fish
    Articles, Blog

    The Mystery of the Barreleye Fish

    August 18, 2019

    Just off the west coast of the United States,
    deep down in the Pacific Ocean, there lives a fish. And not just any fish. With its long, bulging eyes and transparent
    head, the Pacific barreleye fish is a little… different. Biologists don’t actually know much about
    it, because like many deep-sea animals, the barreleye is hard to catch, and even harder
    to observe in its natural habitat, 600 to 800 meters below the surface of the ocean. But over the years, researchers have managed
    to learn a little more, both from specimens that are hauled up to the surface in nets,
    and — once — from catching the thing on camera. And it turns out that, unsurprisingly, the
    fish’s adaptations are exactly what it needs to survive. First, there are its eyes. And no, I’m not
    talking about those little black circles above its tiny mouth, where you’d normally expect
    to find eyes. Because those are not eyes at all; they’re nares, which are basically
    just nostrils. The fish’s eyes are actually those green
    barrel-shaped things behind the nares, which give this fish its name… and look straight
    out of the top of its transparent head The barreleye fish has what are known as tubular
    eyes, because they’re shaped like tubes. And the fish uses them in a very particular
    way. Eyes are often compared to camera lenses,
    in the sense that they collect and focus light. The larger the lens, the more light it can
    gather, which is important when you hang out in the dark depths of the ocean but still
    need to be able to spot your prey. But for the barreleye, just gathering light
    isn’t enough. Its tube-shaped eyes allow it to see farther away, like binoculars in
    your head. They give the fish a fairly narrow range of
    vision, but that’s okay, because most of the time, it only needs to look in one direction:
    up. That’s because the barreleye fish lives
    just below its prey. So in their natural resting state, the barreleye fish’s eyes are looking
    straight up, scanning for food. In 2007, researchers from the Monterey Bay
    Aquarium Research Institute managed to get a good look at a live Pacific barreleye fish,
    and they discovered that its eyes have even more specific adaptations. For one thing, they’re green, which the
    biologists think helps them better see their prey. We don’t know all that much about what these
    guys eat, but scientists think they prey mostly on jellies and small fish. And jellyfish are often bioluminescent, meaning
    that the barreleye is looking for their telltale glow. But as the fish stares upward looking for
    food, even at those great depths, there’s still a lot of interference from sunlight,
    which can be bright enough to outshine the bioluminescence. The green pigment in their eyes might act
    as a kind of filter, taking the sunlight out of the picture and leaving only the glow of
    tasty food. But once the fish has spotted its next meal,
    it can still have trouble chasing it down. Researchers think that barreleye fish steal
    their food from siphonophores, which often have tentacles with a powerful sting. A sting to a giant, sensitive, light-collecting
    eye would not be a fun time for the barreleye fish, which is probably why it has that see-through
    head. The head is filled with fluid, forming a shield
    that protects the eyes from any stinging tentacles. Something else had been puzzling scientists
    for a while, though: once it got its food, how did the fish actually eat it? Many animals with tubular eyes don’t really
    move them around. But with its eyes always facing upward, the barreleye’s mouth would
    never be in its field of vision. For a fish, that would make it tough to actually, like,
    get the mouth on the food thing. The Monterey Bay researchers discovered something
    that we’d never known before: the fish’s eyes can actually turn to look forward, which
    they usually do if the barreleye’s body goes vertical. Meaning that as it swims upward toward its
    food, the fish can actually rotate its eyes inside of its head to see in front of its
    face. That makes it much easier for the barreleye to chomp down on its food. We still have a lot to learn about the Pacific
    barreleye fish. But aside from the possibility of getting stung in the face at every meal,
    life with a transparent head doesn’t sound half bad. Thank you for watching this SciShow Dose,
    brought to you by our patrons on Patreon who help make SciShow possible. If you want to
    help us keep making videos like this and get some pretty cool stuff, you can go to!

    How to Pick the Right Fishing Boat | Saltwater Fishing
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    How to Pick the Right Fishing Boat | Saltwater Fishing

    August 18, 2019

    “Hi, my name is Captain Layne Wagner of Hawk
    One Charters. I’ve been a captain for over 40 years. I’ve fished all over the world and now I’m
    up here in Long Island, New York. You can find me online at Hawk One Charters, I’ll be talking to you today about saltwater
    fishing. The saltwater fishing there are three basic
    boats that I’m gonna discuss right now. One is an inshore, bay flats boat, one is
    an offshore, near shore fishing boat and one is a deep sea fishing boat. Now these boats can be interchangeable, but
    they each have their specific use. The inshore bay flats boat goes in shore,
    shallow water fishing, back bays. Then there’s the near off shore which goes
    in deeper water, it’s a little larger, a little stouter a little sturdier, able to take rougher
    water. Then you have your deep sea boat, thirty or
    more feet, tuna, sail fish, sword fish, deep sea fish. So that’s the basic three types of boats there
    are. ”

    Top 5 Ugliest Fish
    Articles, Blog

    Top 5 Ugliest Fish

    August 18, 2019

    There may be plenty of fish in the sea, but
    not all of them are pretty. With over 200.000 different species it’s
    only natural that some of them are hideous. Here are the top 5 ugliest fish. Number 5: The Lumpsucker/Henfish Found lurking at the bottom of the cool waters
    of the Arctic, North Atlantic, and North Pacific ocean is the Lumpsucker. Although lumpsuckers are cute as babies, they
    tend to grow up to look something like this… Sometimes referred to as the Henfish, the
    Lumpsucker is typically 1-2 feet long with a asymmetrical, blob-like body with protruded
    eyes. And while most fish have a narrow frame, the
    Lumpsucker tends to be more spherical. They also have skin instead of scales along
    with a giant dorsal fin. Although the lumpsucker may not be a great
    swimmer, they have impressive endurance and can travel up to 60 miles. Their diet consists mostly of smaller fish,
    crustaceans, worms, and jellyfish. Fun fact: The male’s stomach turns red during
    mating and the eggs of the female (aka roe) are a popular alternative to caviar. Number 4: Snailfish Snailfish, sometimes referred to as Sea Snails,
    pretty much look like giant tadpoles. They have a large head with small eyes and
    an elongated body, which resembles an eel. Like the Lumpsucker, this fish also has skin
    instead of scales. Surprisingly little is known about the snailfish. There are over 410 different species each
    being different from the rest. Some live in shallow water, while others live
    in the deepest parts of the ocean. Some are 2 inches long, while others are 30
    inches long. Some live in warm water, others live in cold. Some are smooth, some are prickly. Some have a strict diet, others eat anything
    they can. You get the idea… But all of them are but pretty ugly and they
    don’t taste great either, fisherman consider them pests. Number 3: The Goblin Shark While it may sounds and look like something
    out of a bad science fiction novel, the Goblin Shark is in fact real and it certainly lives
    up to it’s name. The image you are seeing is not photoshopped,
    the shark actually does look like the offspring of a goblin and a shark. It has a long protruded snout which contains
    over 50 creepy nail-like teeth and a jaw that extends outward when biting. The skin is an unappealing pinkish white,
    almost as if it was never fully developed. No only does the goblin shark look and sound
    creepy, but it acts creepy too! It’s a deep sea bottom dweller, meaning
    it is found in the deepest and darkest parts of the ocean, 4200 feet below, in pitch black. It’s also considered a “slow moving species”,
    which it basically means that it’s constantly lurking. Like other sharks, it senses its prey using
    Electro sensitive organs and uses its extending jaw to snap out for a quick capture. This shark is unlike any other shark, it is
    a unique species with a lineage dating back 125 million years ago and it’s not related
    to the ones on earth today. Overall very little is known about goblin
    shark, mostly because it’s a deep sea creature and humans rarely come in contact with them. But we don’t even know how they mate, a
    pregnant goblin shark has never been discovered…for all we know it spawns! Number 2: The Gulper Eel Coming in at number 2 on our list is the gulper
    eel, aka pelican eel. The fish is technically not an eel, but it’s
    about the closet thing that it resembles. It can be found at depths over 9000 feet below
    sea level or almost 2 miles deep. Even for the deep sea, this is one of the
    oddest creatures that has ever been discovered. The fish is dark black in color and can grow
    up to 31 inches long, but the most notable feature of the Gulper Eel is it’s unusually
    large mouth which acts as a net to capture prey. The fish also has a stomach capable of stretching
    which allows for it to consume prey larger than itself. The Gulper Eel is known to not be a very good
    swimmer, but a small luminous organ at the end of it’s tail acts as a light to help
    lure and capture prey. Not much is known about this strange creature
    due to the depths of it’s habitat, but we’re pretty confident that it looks weird. Number 1: The Blobfish And finally, number 1 on our list: the Blobfish. You’ve likely seen random photos online
    of this atrocity and may have dismissed them as being photoshopped, but the photos are
    real and the blob fish actually does look like this, but here’s the catch: it only
    looks like this out of water. The truth is, we don’t actually know what
    blobfish looks like in it’s natural environment because the fish is extremely rare and lives
    at depths over 4000 feet below. And water pressure at this depth is about
    100 times stronger than that on land. Because the fish has no skeletal structure,
    not even teeth, the blobfish becomes heavily, perhaps even morbidly, disfigured when brought
    to land. Although we’re not certain what the Blobfish
    actually looks like in the deep sea, it’s likely safe to assume from the pictures that
    it’s probably still pretty ugly. Are you aware of any fish that are uglier
    than these top 5? If so, subscribe and let us know in the comments

    Fish Selection | Choosing Young Koi Fish for Your Pond – Part 1
    Articles, Blog

    Fish Selection | Choosing Young Koi Fish for Your Pond – Part 1

    August 18, 2019

    [MUSIC] We’re in Upland, California at Mystic Koi and
    today we’re gonna shoot a video, on how to select a nice group of
    young Tosai koi for your pond. Especially if it’s your very first pond,
    and you’ve never selected koi before, the tips and tricks you’re gonna learn
    today are gonna be very helpful. Shawn, how’s it going today?>>Things are going all right. Things are going all right.>>All right, good.
    >>Yeah.>>Hey, when we started of our koi
    discussions video we went straight to some high dollar stuff.>>Mm-hm.
    >>You know, high quality we started talking
    textbook of what to look for. We went all the way through to reserve
    grand champions and $60,000 koi.>>Absolutely, exactly.>>I wanna get back to like the roots
    of it all, like what it all begins. I don’t understand textbook. I don’t understand. All I, all I know is they’re beautiful.>>Sure.>>I had yellows and whites and fancy scales. So, I wanna,
    I wanna get back to the roots and kind of teach people about the Tosai,
    the first year koi and what to look for. So take us there.>>Sounds great, man. It’s interesting that you bring that up, cuz
    it reminds me of when I bought my first koi.>>Tell us the story.>>Yeah, so I grew up in this area that
    has kind of a dairy farm area, right?>>Mm-hm.
    >>And so there’s cows everywhere. So, I wanted to buy a koi that looked
    as much like a dairy cow as possible. Which was a Shiro Bekko at that time.>>Okay.
    >>Right? And so I read about the Shiro Bekko and went
    to I went to my local aquarium shop, right? And searched through all these. Now would be very, very janky koi,
    and picked out my first koi buttercup. Right?>>Buttercup.
    >>[LAUGH] Yeah, and.>>That’s great.>>No, no I loved that fish. I mean it wasn’t a show fish, but
    absolutely it was my favorite fish.>>And that brought you to here and that’s,
    that’s why I wanna talk about this, cuz this brings and brings people to
    that level that we talked about so far.>>Absolutely you got to start somewhere,
    right? So let’s, let’s pick out a grand champion.>>Yeah,
    that’s probably not gonna happen man.>>[CROSSTALK] You get that question, right?>>Of course, of course.>>Okay.
    >>People always coming in, looking in this $35 tank as saying,
    hey Shawn, pick me out a fish that’s gonna
    win a show in a couple of years. And the truth is, probably not gonna happen.>>Well let’s get them in a bowl. They’re beautiful as is.>>Yeah.
    >>And let’s, let’s get a close look.>>Absolutely.
    You wanna hand me that tub there? All right, so today we’re not gonna
    talk about pattern and quality. We’re gonna talk about really, really fundamental type things
    when picking out small koi.>>Perfect.
    >>Because, again, our goal isn’t a grand champion here. Our goal is a fish that’s
    gonna last a long time, that you’re gonna enjoy,
    that the kids are gonna love. That kind of koi, right?>>Sure, sure.>>So the first thing you
    wanna do is take a look at where you’re buying the fish from, right? That’s really, really important
    cuz we wanna buy a healthy fish. So, you wanna talk to the, to a shop and see what their quarantine protocol is what
    they do to take care of the fish beforehand. And make sure you’re buying a healthy fish, cuz the last thing you wanna
    do is buy a sick $35 koi. Throw it in your pond, and
    wipe out your entire pond. That’s->>Yeah.
    >>Not, not what we’re trying to do you know?>>Yeah, that’s the worst.>>The next thing thing I really look for
    and this sounds really, really simple but, you know, these koi are beautiful and the,
    the patterns are kind of distracting. I want you to make sure
    the fish has all its parts. It’s got, it’s gotta have two eyes. It’s gotta have all of its fins, right? Those are really, really important things. And although,
    I mean I’ve had koi with one eye, right? And they’d be fine, and they’d just eat and
    have a great, great time. We wanna make sure that there’s
    nothing really wrong with the fish. That’ll impair it four years down the row.>>Sure.
    >>Because again, this is, this is your, this is pet buttercup, and
    this will last a while, right.>>[CROSSTALK] So this is pet quality stuff. What I kind of wanna point out, being in
    fish breeding, you know, not koi, but->>Oh yeah, sure.>>Over the years. Oftentimes at this point, you, you,
    you believe that everything should be seen, whoever’s bringing the fish to you should
    realize the fish is missing a fin or maybe missing an eye. But, when they’re dealing with thousands and
    thousands of fish, sometimes.>>Absolutely.
    >>Sometimes those things get overlooked. And to get to this point,
    I’ve seen fish that miss a gill and->>Yeah, exactly.>>Yeah, it happens and it’s not. It’s not that the koi shop is trying to sell,
    you know->>A bad fish.
    >>A fish without a gill.>>Yeah.>>Exactly, exactly.>>Okay.
    >>And, and absolutely true. I bring in 2,000 Tosai at a time and
    I go through them pretty fast.>>Yeah.>>And often times I don’t have a chance to
    go through each fish and check that out. Typically if I do have a fish
    that has a missing eye. It’s a fish that you know, customers really
    interested in, I usually just give it away.>>Yeah.>>If they’re interested in it.>>Yeah, give it a good home.>>Yeah, exactly, exactly.>>So more fundamental, so
    we’re looking for all their fins. All their eyes, gill plates.>>Sure, exactly. And then we’re looking for for
    sort of a straight body line. Some, some fish can be very crooked and
    it’s really hard to see at a young age, but it will always exaggerate
    as the fish gets big. So what, what may look like this at a young age,
    when it’s big will just be completely bent.>>Right, right.>>So we’re looking for a straight fish. Straight body.>>Straight body and
    usually a nice like rounded face. It, it’s amazing cuz look at just
    these koi here, if you like at them, they all have sort of different shaped heads,
    different shaped faces. And those are,
    those are qualities we’re looking for. We want this to be kinda again straight,
    straight on the fish. [MUSIC]

    Mutant Fish Taking Over Waters Around the World
    Articles, Blog

    Mutant Fish Taking Over Waters Around the World

    August 18, 2019

    – [Narrator] Behind
    running, fishing is the most popular outdoor activity
    for adults aged 25 and up. It’s largely a totally innocent,
    wacky-event-free venture, even being described as relaxing or fun. But all around the world, bizarre creatures are being reeled in, and it’s doubtful that their captors would describe their catches
    as normal or relaxing. Here are 10 mutant fish taking
    over waters around the world. Number 10, cyclops shark. A bizarre discovery was
    made in La Paz, Mexico, in the Sea of Cortez. A pregnant bull shark was
    caught, and its fetuses removed. One of them was an albino with one eye. Pictures of the cyclops
    shark were posted online, and some experts thought it was a hoax. Filipe Galvan, a well-respected
    Mexican scientist, inspected the shark and
    wrote a paper about it, which is under review. Lending further merit to the
    authenticity of the incident, Tracy Ehrenberg, the general
    manager of Pisces Sportfishing, conducted an interview with the fisherman who made the discovery. The man said that the pregnant shark was dead when they pulled it up, and that during the process
    of filleting the shark they found ten fetuses. The other nine fetuses were fairly normal, both in color and the amount of eyes. And, although it’s sad to think that someone still fishes for sharks, even though many species are endangered, and that they caught a pregnant one, this little albino cyclops
    shark is almost cute enough to star in his own Disney adventures. Number nine, mutated two-headed dolphin. A two-headed, mutant dolphin washed up on the shore of Ismire on
    the west coast of Turkey. It’s believed to have only been around a year old when it died, as it was only a meter long. It was discovered by a schoolteacher, who watched in horror
    as the mutant dolphin washed up on the shore. He then called the police, who took the dolphin’s
    body away for testing. Preliminary eyewitness reports said that the eyes and blow hole of one of the heads weren’t open, which may mean that there were further deformations in the creature, other than the glaringly obvious one, which could have contributed to its death. No one knows whether this is a
    rare case of conjoined twins, a natural type of deformation, or deformation caused by contaminants. Another incident of a
    two-headed dolphin-like creature was reported in the Netherlands. They reported the first ever case of conjoined harbor porpoises. It was thrown back into the ocean because the fishermen
    thought it might be illegal to have it in their possession and generally thought it was
    a good idea not to risk it. They did take pictures before
    throwing it back, however. There are a lot of things that indicate that the creature died
    shortly after birth. It’s tail had not stiffened, which is something that
    porpoises need in order to swim, its dorsal fin had not
    become vertical yet, and it still had hairs on its upper lip, which porpoises shed after birth. Conjoined twins are rare, even in humans. But they’re even more rare in cetaceans, a group of animals that include porpoises, dolphins, whales, and
    other similar creatures. In fact, the porpoise was only the 10th conjoined cetacean case at
    the time of this writing. Many people have a soft spot
    for dolphins and porpoises, so the thought of having two times the fun of a dolphin-like creature
    in one animal is exciting. It’s very unfortunate that this story turned out the way it did, instead of resulting in one
    of the coolest animals ever. Number eight, pug nose striped bass. This mutation is fairly
    common in striped bass. They’re called pug-nosed
    because the mutation causes them to have a large, lumpy head. One recent incident involves
    one being caught in Maryland. The mutation doesn’t affect
    whether you can eat it or not, and doesn’t have any
    harmful effects on the fish, other than making it look really weird. Number seven, fish with horns. A fisherman in Siberia was stunned when he reeled in two pike that had horns on the tops of their heads. He referred to them as underwater dragons because of their appearance. The fish, which were identified as pike, had been pulled from the
    River Irtysh in Russia. Locals blamed nuclear debris from Russian missile launch
    experiments for the mutations. The fisherman dried and preserved the fish’s heads and keeps them in his garage, which is probably a good thing because the last thing we need is horned, nuclear dragon fish swimming about. Number six, mutant fish in Russia. A gigantic fish had been
    terrorizing locals in Siberia for months before it was finally caught. It had been attacking and trying to bite anyone who came near it. With a giant head, piranha-like teeth and a broad tail that resembled an oar, it’s not surprising that
    the locals were freaked out. However, It didn’t turn
    out to be a mutant. Experts say it was a wolffish, a type of endangered
    bottom-feeding predator. But, with the amount of attacks, its appearance and just
    the fact that a giant, massively aggressive fish was attacking anything that came near the water, it’s really no surprise
    that locals thought this was either some sort of
    mutant or monster fish. Before I reveal the next example, you should subscribe if
    you’re enjoying the video. We upload amazing fact
    filled list videos daily. Also, make sure to click that
    bell icon to stay updated, or you’ll regret missing out
    on some amazing knowledge that could have filled your brain. Now let’s get back to it. Number five, giant fluorescent blue fish. Residents in Gaston
    County, North Carolina, are trying to figure out
    what this huge fish is and where the video was taken. It was uploaded on Disclose
    Screen’s YouTube channel and simply said that the fish was from a lake in Gaston County,
    but not which one. The fish appears to be
    around four feet long and Disclose says it’s around 30 lbs. Many are speculating that
    it’s some sort of carp, but they have no explanation for its fluorescent blue coloration. About one in a million
    times a rainbow trout will be blue to due to
    a rare genetic variant, but that occurs in approximately
    one in a million cases. If this is what the fishermen saw here, they stumbled across an
    extremely rare creature. Still, its a pretty large fish, and although its coloration
    makes it appear to be some sort of wild Pokémon
    that’s appeared in the lake, it’s most likely not. So, don’t go wasting balls on it. Number four, Russian fish with two mouths. This fish is simply terrifying! It has one mouth on its face, one on its neck, and a bizarre tail. It has a weirdly round body
    that shouldn’t belong to a fish. But even more creepy is the
    fact that it has an odd, bulbous protrusion that appears to be filled with some sort of liquid. The fisherman who caught it speculated that the liquid could be eggs, meaning that there was the possibility of more of these creatures. This isn’t the first fish of
    its kind to be caught though. A Reddit user posted a video that appeared to show a two-headed fish. For a bit, speculation
    was all over the internet about what it was and
    how it had come to be. It wasn’t a conjoined twin, and it hadn’t grown up
    near a nuclear plant, as neat as that would be. Experts said it was a grass
    carp that had been deformed. The second mouth was
    actually a large hole formed because the gill arches
    weren’t connected to its mouth. There was also a fish caught in Australia that had two mouths. Garry Warwick, the fisherman
    who landed this bizarre catch, caught the fish in Lake
    Bonney, South Australia. He told ABC “Both mouths are
    actually joined together. “The top one opens and closes, “but the bottom one
    looks permanently open.” Although he’s been a commercial
    fisherman for over 30 years, he says he’s never seen
    anything like this. Facial deformities in which
    the creature or person has more than one of a
    particular facial feature, in this case two mouths,
    is called diprosopus. It’s commonly associated
    with conjoined twins, although it’s not the result
    of two embryos fusing together, nor is it the result of
    them not fully separating. It’s caused when facial
    patterning acts abnormally. Unfortunately, creatures
    with two faces don’t usually survive because they
    usually have some degree of deformation in their
    internal organs as well. Number three, fish with human teeth. An emperor fish was
    caught by a schoolteacher in the West Papu region of Indonesia. The teacher was astounded
    to find that the fish had flat, molar-like
    teeth that looked human. He gave the fish to a student, who took it home to his family. They were all equally shocked when they discovered its teeth. Rather than eat the fish, they decided to freeze and preserve it. That’s probably a good thing because whatever unholy alliance
    that was forged in order to create this fish is probably
    not safe for ingestion. Number two, the monsterous
    fish from Thailand. A Thai fisherman was out fishing and hoping to catch
    something worthy of a meal. Instead, he pulled in something
    that is pure nightmare fuel. This fish has a long body
    that looks a bit like an oar, a giant mouth filled
    with sharp-looking teeth, and, probably most notably,
    it doesn’t seem to have eyes. No one knows quite what it is. But, the bigger mystery here is where are its eyes and how does it see? Number one, bird fish. This bizarre fish was recently
    caught in a river in Guizhou. It looks like a completely
    normal fish on the bottom half, but the head is where things get mad. Some people say that it looks a bit like the face of a pigeon. Others say it looks like
    the face of a dolphin. What it definitely does not look like is the ordinary head of a
    carp that matches its body. Some people blame its apparent deformation on water contaminants. Others think that this is
    some sort of hybrid creature, but those in favor of the hybrid theory are not in agreement with what animals parented this bizarre creature. Unfortunately, testing cannot be done to shed light on its parentage, either, as the fish was released back
    into its natural habitat. What exactly is a bird fish’s
    natural habitat anyway? Did it fly away or swim? Most of the entries on this list died, either before or after discovery, which makes for an alarming mystery. What entry did you think
    was the most interesting? Let me know in the comments down below, and thanks for watching.

    Aquaponics Farm Grows Vegetables without Fish
    Articles, Blog

    Aquaponics Farm Grows Vegetables without Fish

    August 18, 2019

    Alright! This is John Kohler with, today we have another exciting episode for
    you and I’m on another field trip, and this one’s going to be one of the most amazing
    videos I’ve ever made about aquaponics ever. Where we’re at today, we’re here in Austin,
    Texas at Austin Aquaponics, and as you guys can see it doesn’t look like much from the
    outside which is basically two big greenhouses where they can control the temperature to
    allow them to grow things where they maybe normally couldn’t, you know both in the
    summer and also the winter. I mean it’s currently the winter time right here in Austin,
    and they still got basil plants living inside producing, and this is completely amazing.
    So Rob Nash has been into aquaponics for over 10 years now and he’s in my opinion one
    of the innovators and leaders in the whole field, he does so many experiments, he’s
    not like some PhD dude, but he’s down here in the trenches. He’s so busy that I’m
    here in Austin for a week, and this is the only time for a small window of time that
    he can even see me. So it’s like I’m completely happy to be here, and more importantly amazed
    and excited to share with you guys what Rob is growing inside and how he’s doing it
    because he’s doing it differently than anybody else in aquaponics that I’ve ever seen.
    So anyways let’s head inside to the greenhouses and show you guys what’s growing on.
    So now I’m going to head into just one of the two greenhouses that they have here at
    Austin Aquaponics, and it looks like to me they basically got a whole bunch of different
    systems growing on because whether you’re gardening in soil, whether you’re growing
    in aquaponics, there’s always a system that you need to set up and properly follow, otherwise
    you’re not going to be successful. So it looks like they got to me some deep water
    culture aquaponics, basically also some stuff growing in some media, some gravel, they got
    a little area for seed starting, they also got wow man, some wicking beds. I know this
    is going to be simply amazing. So let’s go ahead and share with you guys how the aquaponics
    works here, because it works a little bit differently than many places I’ve visited.
    So now we’re in a climate-controlled portion of the greenhouse that contains the two large
    fish tanks. Now you guys can’t see the fish, but I can. There’s a bunch of tilapia down
    in here, and for many people in aquaponics, fish are the driving force that makes the
    aquaponics happen. Well, this may or may not be true because one of the things Rob is doing,
    he’s doing literally fishless aquaponics, and you’re going to have to stay tuned for
    a little bit longer in the video for that part of this, but in this area he does have
    the fish where he is growing them and feeding them, and then of course aquaponics how it
    works is you feed the fish, they make the pish – the fish poop and the fish pee, and
    then that fish poo and pee is then sent out to the plants in a few different ways, and
    it is filtered through bio filtering or through natural bacteria, fungi, earthworms, and different
    creatures that basically turn that into nutrients for the plants. So I guess the fish aren’t
    too exciting because they kind of blend into the water here, let’s go out and take a
    look at some of the plants he’s growing. So after the fish poo and pee in the water,
    the water is then sent into these gravel beds. And these beds are huge, this one actually
    still contains basil here in the winter time in Austin. They’re still growing, he’s
    growing the Genovese basil that makes nice large leaves, and the customers like. And
    they grow particularly well in the system here. And one of the cool things is basically
    all this media here, the rocks, is the filter for the fish poo and pee. It comes out here
    it gets filtered in here, there’s different bacteria and creatures in here that basically
    are digesting the fish poo and pee and turning it into plant food. I mean that is the secret
    of aquaponics. And so once it goes through these four beds, it then goes into the float
    and raft system, where he’s growing the lettuce. So hey, I think they’re working
    over there today, so let’s go ahead and check out and see what they’re doing.
    So now I want to share with you guys another area of the grow here, and it’s basically
    the raft system, so you know you guys saw the system in the rocks and all that, but
    beyond that they have a whole soilless system just in rafts, and they’re growing tons
    of beautiful lettuce here. What they’re doing today, they’ve got Mark Williamson
    who’s actually one of the team members here at Austin Aquaponics, he’s actually taking
    the butter crunch lettuce here that’s really planted tightly, and because these guys get
    so big they’ve actually got to move them over into the new raft and space them out
    and leave some holes so that they could actually grow bigger to market size. So what I want
    to do next actually is show you guys some of the rootage on this plants and how healthy
    they’re growing. So now we’re looking at the deep water culture
    here at Austin Aquaponics, and this is completely amazing. I mean Rob has so many tricks of
    the trade to literally maximize production. You know you guys just saw Mark dividing the
    plants and basically in these rafts here made by Cleverponics which are really cool, I like
    it a lot because they’re pre-made. They’re UV stabilized with planting holes every four
    inches. And you guys can see, check out the rootage, man these guys are some healthy roots.
    What Rob does, right when he plants and transplants the initial lettuces, he plants using every
    single hole, and this is not normally done. What’s normally done is they basically use
    every other hole because the plant’s going to get large. So what he does, right when
    he plants them he uses every hole, and as they get bigger, when they’re going to start
    crowding each other out, then he pulls ones out to leave spacing in between, and that’s
    what Mark was doing. This increases his production by 35% instead of just spacing them more far
    apart. This is one concept I wish I could use in my own raised bed garden because in
    a raised bed garden, you can’t really move plants once they’re planted. But what you
    could do in a raised bed garden when you do plant your lettuce, interplant them with something
    like radishes that will grow pretty quick and be done by the time the lettuce gets large.
    So I know what you guys might be wondering “John, okay we saw the fish, we saw the
    gravel beds, we saw the water culture beds where they’re growing the lettuce but, where
    do the plants come from?” Well he actually gets the organic seeds and starts everything
    from seed here that is produced, and he gets the high mowing seeds that are organic, and
    then basically he starts the seeds in the flats under the lights that we’re looking
    at here, and these guys are growing, and let’s take a look—wow check out these roots man,
    looking really nice. He grows them in here for a little bit under the lights, and then
    when they’re big enough he takes them outside into a flood and drain bed, where they’re
    basically fed the fish water that’s been filtered before they get transplanted out
    into the beds outside. So let’s take a look at that set-up next.
    So here’s a flood and drain bed that he actually uses to basically grow the plants
    out larger before transplanting them into the other gravel bed or the float bed, and
    they look all pretty good. Now I want to stop here, you know he does use organic seed and
    uses organic growing practices here, but is not certified organic. I think certified organic
    for the most part is a sham because you never know what the farmer’s doing, and there’s
    certain rules in organic agriculture that I definitely do not agree with. That being
    said, at least it is some kind of standard to know how your food is produced. Even better
    than knowing how your food is produced is of course to produce it yourself, and that’s
    why I think that growing your own food, getting your own aquaponics set-up is the best thing
    to do to all because then you know exactly what is sprayed, what is used on the food.
    So actually what I want to do next because there’s a common misconception that “Oh
    if you just have the fish, and you’ve got the gravel beds you’ve got the plants that’s
    everything you need.” Well let me tell you, you know his style of aquaponics is different
    than others. He has a more model like I do with my soil garden. He really enriches the
    beds here, the growing media for the plants to give them all the different nutrients they
    need. He has bunches of different things that he uses in addition to the fish, and sometimes
    without the fish to get everything to grow and look as great as they do. So let’s go
    ahead over to his secret bunker and share with you guys some of the organic-approved
    nutrients that he uses that I would definitely approve of.
    Alright so now we’re looking at just one of the many areas that he has all the different
    nutrients, or some of the different nutrients he uses. I mean he has nutrients all over
    in different locations for different beds and he’s always experimenting and doing
    something a little bit different so that he can learn and grow as a farmer, and more importantly
    also as someone who teaches this stuff to you guys. And I want to encourage you guys
    out there to you know, when you garden, don’t just garden as like “Oh yeah John showed
    me this and that’s what I’m going to do.” Well I mean that’s a good starting point,
    but I always want to encourage you guys to have a child-like mind and always experiment,
    “Well hey what if I did it like this, it might be better.” Or of course it might
    be worse, but if you don’t try you’re never going to learn. So he uses lots of different
    nutrients, experiments with some, has some steady ones that he uses all the time, and
    I don’t know which one of these is experimental or non-experimental or which ones are tried
    and true. I know he does like the Actinovate, and another one the Actino Iron, and these
    are armory listed. He uses organic inputs. Oh another line that he’s using that he’s
    really into, and you’ll learn more about this in a little bit is the Omna Essential
    Raw. And this is basically the soybean aminos that’s a nitrogen source. He also of course
    has kelp and the general organic line Bio Seaweed. Of course the Earth Juice, I mean
    we could go down all the different natural products, [inaudible] acid, and besides being
    able to use these in a water based system like he is, of course you could also use these
    in a soil-based system. He also has of course the Compost Tea activator because he’s actually
    brewing his own compost tea that actually we’ll look at next. Of course neem oil which
    is an organic way to control the pests which I have a really good episode on. Biomin, all
    different kinds of stuff here man, Grower’s Secret, I mean I could just go down all these
    different things he’s using, you know I don’t want to waste your guys’ time. Oh
    another cool thing that he uses here that I’m really into is, he’s also really into
    the trace minerals. When I come and visit a farm or see a grower using the trace minerals,
    I know they know their stuff, because it’s very important besides just the NPK that’s
    in standard fertilizer bags is to get the trace minerals in your garden guys. He’s
    got the Sea 90 product here which is like a food grade salt. It’s quite salty. And
    he uses this to get his plants up to 90 different trace minerals. Besides just the sea salt
    product he’s using here, he also adds rock dust and rock powders which are a very critical
    component to his grow operation, that’s why I believe some of his plants look like
    the healthiest plants that I’ve ever seen at any aquaponic farm I’ve visited. I mean,
    I’ve visited plenty of aquaponics farms where things are kind of like stunted growth,
    the leaves aren’t green enough, the plants are stressed out, they’re not happy, they’re
    growing small, but this is the complete opposite. If you want to know the best, I mean Rob Nash,
    he’s doing it the right way. So yeah, one of the right things he’s doing because he
    has, I mean it’s not just one thing or another thing that he’s doing to make his style
    right, it’s all the different things he’s learned over the years and he basically does
    this, does this, and there’s so many different intricacies that if I spent a week here, I
    might start beginning to learn. But one of them I’m confident can help you guys out
    whether you’re growing aquaponically or whether you have a soil-based garden, it’s
    the compost tea, so let me show you guys his new and innovative compost tea vortex brewer
    using a 15 gallon bucket he came up with. What we’re looking at now is the compost
    tea bucket. You guys can see it’s like bubbling up in there. And simply this is a 15 gallon
    bucket, and actually until today I didn’t know they had 15 gallon buckets, I guess chlorine
    originally came in this, and he washed it very well before using it, because chlorine
    and microbes, they don’t mix. It’s kind of like oil and water right? Anyways what
    he’s done is he’s got an Active Aqua pump here, my favorite brand of pump to use myself
    in my own compost tea brewing. He’s basically got a hole in the bottom of this bucket here
    that basically has the water going into the tube, the PVC tube. And this is basically
    a lift pump where he’s pumping in the water. And if you guys look, I mean there’s a lot
    of water bubbles coming out in there to brew his tea. Now he doesn’t mess around with
    any kind of tea bags or anything he just puts all the mixture, which is very rich in the
    worm castings, to brew in there, and then he’ll spread this out into his garden amongst
    his growth as needed to enhance the plant growth. Now the main reason for the compost
    tea is not necessarily for the nutrients in the tea, but is for the microbes. He is literally
    breeding microbes, whether he’s breeding them in a compost tea or using a bottled product
    that contains plenty of microbes, because it’s the microbes are the driving force,
    whether you’ve got a soil system, or whether you’ve got a system like he’s doing here
    with the aquaponics. So before I show you guys the aquaponics without
    the fish, I want to really stop here and share with you guys some of the different soil supplements
    that he uses, because it is so important for successful growth whether you’re growing
    in an aquaponic system, a soil system like I do, or even a hydro system. Some of these
    nutrients can be used even in a hydro system. And of course, one of the basises of my gardening
    style and apparently of Rob’s too is the worm castings, he has some organic worm castings.
    I mean the worm castings literally provide the fire to break down the nutrients and make
    them available for the plants. So he uses plenty of worm castings, he has a lot of different
    diverse mineral supplementation with different levels of both macro and micro and trace minerals,
    which is super-critical for your gardening style, I mean he really likes to focus on
    this when he teaches classes, and what I try to focus on too, because most people are not
    focusing on trace minerals, and he, like me, likes to use varied sources, and not just
    one rock dust powder, he uses all different kinds, because every different kind, and we
    mix them in small amounts, can provide something different to your plant, feed a certain different
    kind of microbe that might not like a different kind of mineral right? And we need this biodiversity
    in minerals and also the microbes to really feed our soil. So he’s got things like the
    crab shells here, he’s got this stuff called Humagro Natural Soil Conditioner natural humase,
    he’s got, of course we’re in Texas he’s got the Texas green sand, not the stuff from
    New Jersey. He’s got this other stuff called the Yum Yum mix which is really cool, it’s
    got things like alfalfa meal, cottonseed meal, green sand, kelp meal, rock dust, rock phosphate,
    humate, dry molasses, I mean this pretty much looks almost just like a compost tea, all
    you’ve got to do do is add the worm castings. Never seen that before. He’s got the Mineral
    Plus by Soil Mender. He’s got some Soil Pomeg, he’s got the Actino Iron, really
    good product to use in your aquaponic system. He’s got an organicide garden spray, this
    is an organic certified garden spray for insects. I personally like the neem stuff better. And
    most importantly for you guys that have aquaponics systems or even hydro systems, this stuff
    above all the other products is what I’d recommend. This provides the microbes in your
    hydroponic system that may be lacking. It says aquaponic-safe, hydro or soil. Contains
    endo and ecto fungi as well as plenty of different bacteria. This is a component that is missing
    from most gardening styles. Whether you get a liquid that you can use, like this in your
    water-based system, or whether you get some dry powder like I use and like Rob also uses,
    or whether you’re getting some of that from the earthworms, I think supplementing the
    microbes, in addition to supplementing the trace minerals, are super critical. So I guess
    with that, let’s go ahead and take a look at this fishless aquaponics system he’s
    doing. So now we’re looking at the fishless aquaponic
    system, I mean this to me also is the future of farming. You know we don’t really need
    fish in an aquaponic system right? Fish are like an intermediary step. They’re really
    not required, but they’re so like given like they’re God-like in the aquaponic system.
    You don’t really even need them if you do it properly like he’s doing here. As you
    guys can see behind me he’s got plenty of nice delicious Swiss chard growing and some
    dinosaur kale that’s topping at two to three feet. And yes, I just showed you guys the
    clip of all the minerals and microbes that he uses, and those are the true driving forces
    in a system like this. And how this happened for Rob, because I can show you guys in this
    little tank here, there’s no fish! What happened to the fish? So what happened to
    him is what might happen to many of you guys right? He’s got tilapia, they’re cold-sensitive,
    there’s a cold snap, he lost his fish, but meanwhile he has all these vegetables growing
    in the bed. But now your source of fertilizer is poof! It’s gone, your fish are floating
    man, they’re not making any more nutrients for you guys, what do you do? You can’t
    get large-sized tilapia in bulk mass quickly to repopulate your fertilizer source, what
    do you do? So he actually had to sit down and say “Crap, what do I do?” And so he
    had to figure out, well why do we even need the fish in the first place? So what drives
    this system in here is completely worm poo or worm castings instead of fish poo. And
    as you guys can see, it’s working amazing. And he’s had to supplement some of the other
    natural organic ingredients that he uses in his whole garden style, but it’s working
    amazing. And so what if we could do aquaponics without fish? Well you don’t need to no
    longer ask yourself “What if we could do it?” because it can be done, and Rob Nash
    knows how. So I mean, this is a commercial production farm. He charges three bucks a
    head for his lettuce, he charges top dollar for his top quality produce, and that’s
    something also very important to me. You know I don’t mind paying for top quality stuff
    like they’re growing here at Austin Aquaponics, but I do mind buying expensive stuff that’s
    not top quality, because most farmers are simply just not doing the practices it takes
    to do this. And as much as I like that I’ve shared with you guys how he’s growing commercially,
    he also has besides his commercial side of the business, he also has a whole side of
    his business where he educates and sets people up in the local area, gives classes for people
    that want to grow at home like you and me. And so what we’re going to do next is actually
    go up to his home, where actually he has some demonstration set-ups for a system that you
    could build on a much smaller scale, and also he gives classes here. So let’s go ahead
    go up top and share more information about that.
    So now we’re up top right next to Rob’s home where he lives, and actually what we’re
    looking at now is a little classroom area because every two to three weeks he gives
    a class here that you can come and attend and learn the wealth of the knowledge you
    know, and how to apply the knowledge that he has learned commercially in a home environment.
    So he just has like 10, 15, 20, 30 people here giving a little class, and he gave an
    intro class which he often gives, and he’s just kind of explaining to me the two set-ups
    so you guys can see off to the side of the picture, you know there’s like a lot of
    different ways to do aquaponics right? They got just two stock tanks, maybe about $120
    worth of stock tanks, drill a couple of holes and you’ve got an instant system that you
    can start growing food in, or if you want to spend a little bit more money and have
    it a little bit more nicer looking, you can get a similar system, line it with wood and
    a pond liner, and have a system that looks a lot better but it’s going to cost you
    more and maybe involves some more labor. Now that’s really cool, I’ve learned a lot
    of cool things here today about the aquaponics and more importantly, the bioponics which
    I’m super-interested in. Oh and what I want to show you guys next actually his little
    personal grow area, yeah no, there’ s none of that kind of stuff growing here, but his
    little personal grow area where he actually has some of the kits and demonstrates the
    kits that he makes available to people in the local area that he’ll actually set up,
    but more importantly also makes information available online so that you can build your
    own kit to glean 10 years of knowledge from Rob since he’s been doing it that long.
    So let’s go ahead, go over to his personal grow and check out a little bit of what he’s
    growing. So what we’re looking at now is Rob’s
    personal own little grow area here where he has some, uses it for demonstration but also
    grows some of his own food, and one of the cool things that he talked to me about was
    that he sets up one of these 4×10 or 4×8 foot beds with basically one of each plant, you
    know a tomato, a basil, a pepper and some greens, all this kind of stuff so that a person
    coming here that just literally wants to just grow some food, know where their food comes
    from, can set up just one little system and of all the different plants they need to literally
    feast on and to eat out of their own garden. So in this area he has the demonstration 350
    gallon, 150 gallon set-ups to demonstrate what he can install, also to show how you
    can actually make it yourself. He also has other little systems just as demonstrations,
    and besides just growing the vegetables which is most commonly talked about in the aquaponics,
    you can also grow things like trees and grapevines, so you got some grapevines there that are
    two years old now that are doing quite well, he’s going to be growing some blueberries
    in this same fashion through a mixture of bioponics, aquaponics or even hydroponics
    and he intermixes what he does in each different set I’m like “Hey, what do you do in this
    set-up?” He’s like “Well you know I’m going to use the fish water from there, and
    then I’m going to add some additional nutrients up top,” and man, the dude’s really into
    this stuff. So actually I’m really excited about the next part of this episode for you
    guys, because I’m going to get to sit down with Rob, the creator, the master grower here,
    and we’re going to basically pick his brain a little bit for a little bit of time, little
    bit of time I’ve got left here, and share that information with you guys, so actually
    let’s go ahead and head back down and talk to Rob.
    So now we’re with Rob Nash, the master grower here that made all this happen. I mean he’s
    been growing for over ten years now with the aquaponics, and he knows more than probably
    anybody I’ve ever visited, and his place, as I mentioned in the video looks better than
    any other aquaponics set-up I’ve ever visited to date. And we want to pick his brain a little
    bit, I don’t have a lot of time today, and maybe I’ll be able to come back at another
    point. So Rob, I want to talk more with you about the fishless aquaponics, I guess you’re
    calling it bioponics you know, so I guess an aquaponic system is bioponic, but a bioponic
    system isn’t always aquaponic. Can you tell us more about this?
    Yeah that’s right. Our first effort with this was starting when we had lost a bunch
    of fish, and we wanted to see how far we could keep this system going without fish. We started
    adding supplements, different forms of nitrogen and found that the compost tea and the liquid
    seaweeds and some of the other granular supplements in the beds seemed to do all we needed. And
    so when we got around to building this last corner here, we decided to try it without
    fish entirely, and we’re going on our tenth or eleventh month now that it’s never had
    fish, live gravel or live water, and so far it’s some of the happiest plants we’ve
    ever grown, and so I think this might be something you see a lot more of here at our farm.
    So how could somebody learn more about this if they got a fish system they lost their
    fish or whether they just don’t even want to deal with the fish in the first place?
    You know there’s a lot to it, and without going into a how-to video, I would say that
    I like your videos because you always talk about the supplements and whatever in the
    gravel. Otherwise you’re welcome if you make it into Austin or if you’re in the
    area come and join us for a Saturday class, we do a lot of intro classes and we do our
    how-to aquaponics as well as the bioponics and a compost tea class as well.
    Yeah I definitely would recommend any classes in the area. So Rob I know besides just running
    your farm you have some kits available for people that don’t want to build their own
    in the Austin area, but you could also ship some parts in a box and then they could go
    to their local Home Depot and have some plans to build their own system based on your proven
    successful model right? How could somebody do that?
    Yeah, that is, when we do our classes and our how-to that’s on our website we have
    a 150 gallon system and a 300 gallon system and those are both the same handout that would
    come in the class if you were to join us for one of our classes. And like you said, every
    bit of it except for the hydroponic parts, the pumps, the air stones and the air pump
    are all sold from either a Home Depot or any other hardware store. So with that and a trip
    to a hydroponic shop, you would have everything you need, and if you have a hard time sourcing
    those materials we actually sell the parts kits for the AP 150 and the 300 gallon system
    so if you need to, you can just email us and we’ll send you that parts kit to accompany
    the hardware stuff. Awesome, awesome. Yeah, so I mean you guys
    could literally build one of these systems, you got a standard hardware store no matter
    where you are in the world, I mean I think that’s great, and then you could use it
    fish or fishless, right? That’s right.
    That’s awesome. So I mean I always recommend for you guys, because to me, and maybe Rob
    would agree while asking this question, I always believe that a raised bed garden, supplementing
    the soil with minerals and microbes and all this stuff is way easier than doing an aquaponic
    or even aquaponics without the fish, would you agree with that?
    Absolutely, and I like to make it clear to most folks, although I’m a diehard aquapon,
    and I’ll probably have fish until I can’t stand up, I don’t consider aquaponics the
    end-all be-all to commercial food production. I really like what a wicking bed offers. But
    they’re really good for rooted crops and other stuff, but you really can’t beat the
    vigor that you get from an aquaponic system for your leafy greens. And so I think it really
    just shows that each methodology is better suited for a particular plant type, and I
    think it’s best to have a little bit of everything.
    I totally agree, diversity in the minerals, diversity in the microbes and diversity in
    your growing systems, because one system grows out literally, you’re going to have a back-up
    system in place so you can continue to grow some food. So I mean and the other thing I
    really want to talk to you today about Rob is the microbes and the minerals really that
    you really—which are the supplements that you add to your garden. Can you share some
    more knowledge and insight on this because this is something that I’m super passionate
    about. I think just like you, I was really looking
    into what makes food superfood, and realizing that aquaponics is a great way to supplement
    nitrogen. There’s a few things that are lacking. You can get a fruiting plant to fruit,
    but you won’t see its maximum potential without adding some potassium and phosphorus
    or whatever. And then looking into how to supplement the soils in even an aquaponic
    system, I realized there was a lot of these things could be enhanced or increased, and
    so we just started shopping around, seeing what our options were, and the more we researched
    about soil microbiology, the more we learned that all of this system, even the biology
    that the aquaponics relies on to create nitrogen, benefits from these other microbial foods
    if you will, citric acids and sea kelps and all that. And so we realized that by supplementing
    our system to make the plants do what we want them to do, we actually wind up with a better
    food in the end. And when we explain that to our customers and the folks especially
    that have been to our class and they see all the trouble we go through to supplement this,
    they realize quickly that that’s the food they want to be buying or growing for themselves,
    and it’s not just buy some seeds and hope for the best with that bag of soil you bought,
    but by supplementing the stuff, you know you’re going to get the vitamin content that you’re
    looking for that even got you headed down this path in the first place.
    Wow, wow. I mean I totally agree with that, I’ve had a great time here at Austin Aquaponics.
    If you live in the area and are not growing you food, I definitely recommend seeing him
    at the Farmer’s Market to get some of the highest quality stuff I’ve ever seen here
    in Austin. And if you don’t live here, you can check out and learn more about him at to learn about the classes and the kits and all this kind of stuff. And
    you know, Rob I hope to be able to come back another day, thank you for having me out today,
    I got to run and pick up my girlfriend who I’m late for, but yeah I’ve really enjoyed
    my time and really would love to show more of the different cool things that you’re
    teaching and learning here yourself. Well that’s great, and it was a real honor
    having you here today, I love what you do and I just say keep doing more of it, and
    if you are in town again I’d really be honored to have you back out, and maybe we can continue
    shooting some more videos for the folks. Awesome yeah so stay tuned if you’re not
    already, subscribe to my YouTube channel I have over 1,000 videos now on all different
    aspects of gardening including many on aquaponics, this is the first time I’ve had fishless
    aquaponics. Anyways give me a thumbs up if you liked this video, let me know to come
    back out to visit Rob when I’m back in Austin. Once again, my name is John Kohler with,
    we’ll see you next time, and until then remember, keep on growing.

    9 Small Fish That Do Serious Damage
    Articles, Blog

    9 Small Fish That Do Serious Damage

    August 18, 2019

    From poisonous marine creatures to fish that
    pack a powerful bite, here are 9 small fish that do serious damage:
    Number 9 Boxfish Boxfishes may be small but that doesn’t
    mean they’re easy prey. In fact, few marine predators can actually
    eat adult boxfishes. This is because, whenever threatened, these
    fish can secrete toxins from their skin which act as a chemical defense mechanism. The mucus secreted from the skin of some members
    of the boxfish family contains pahutoxin, a water-soluble, crystalline chemical toxin. This is unique among known fish poisons and
    can break down or destroy red blood cells. When the toxic mucus is released, it dissolves
    quickly negatively affecting fish in the surrounding area. Pahutoxin can be deadly for various biological
    systems and even other boxfishes aren’t immune to it. Number 8 Acanthuridae
    The Acanthuridae family contains more than 86 extant species of unicornfish, tangs and
    surgeonfish. Many of them are brightly colored and therefore
    a popular addition to aquariums all over the world. These marine fish typically inhabit tropical
    seas and they’re most common around coral reefs. Most Acanthuridae species are small with lengths
    of 6 to 15.5 inches. One distinctive feature of the family makes
    these fishes quite dangerous. On either side of the tail, they have scalpel-like
    spines which are extremely sharp. These naturally-evolved switchblades can act
    as a defense mechanism against potential intruders. Some species have additional features that
    make them even more dangerous. The striped surgeonfish, for example, must
    be handled with extra care as its caudal spine is venomous. Number 7 Red Lionfish
    Lionfish are known as fish that can do serious damage because of their venomous fin rays
    that deliver painful puncture wounds. The venom is quite potent and, on rare occasions,
    can be fatal for humans. These fish are easily recognizable by their
    zebra-like stripes, enlarged pectoral fins and elongated dorsal fin spines. Whenever the lionfish feels threatened it
    will spread and present its fins before attacking with the dorsal spines. One common species is the red lionfish, which
    grows about 12 inches long and features red, white and brown stripes on its body. The red lionfish has been designated as an
    invasive species in the Mediterranean Sea, Caribbean Sea and the West Atlantic Ocean. The lack of natural predators has enabled
    the red lionfish to basically decimate local reef fishes in the regions it inhabits. For humans the symptoms of lionfish envenomation
    include extreme pain in the affected area, nausea, dizziness, headaches, fever or breathing
    difficulties. In rare cases it can cause temporary paralysis
    of the limbs, heart failure and even bath. Number 6 Piranha
    No list of dangerous fish is complete without the blood thirsty piranha. There are over 60 piranha species found in
    river systems ranging from northern Argentina to Colombia. Piranhas have deep bodies, saw-edged bellies,
    blunt heads, incredibly strong jaws and razor-sharp interlocking teeth. Most species rarely exceed 2 feet in length. During the dry season, when the water is low,
    groups of piranhas called shoals converge in feeding frenzies to take on large prey. These groups can sometimes consist of more
    than 100 piranhas each charging in to tear a chunk of flesh off their prey. Piranhas are also known to be attracted to
    blood in the water. Attacks on humans have occurred most notably
    in Brazil, Bolivia and Argentina. In 2011, a drunken teenage boy from the town
    of Rosario del Yalta, in Bolivia, jumped out of a canoe into a piranha infested river. The teen was almost eaten alive and later
    died from excessive bleeding. Number 5 Pufferfish
    Also known as blowfish or balloonfish, pufferfish are among the most poisonous vertebrates in
    the world. There are around 90 species in the Tetraodontidae
    family and most of them are small to medium in size. They’re found in warm and temperate regions
    around the world, usually in the sea but also in brackish or fresh water, in some cases. They’ve several defense mechanisms. Pufferfish have excellent eyesight and can
    use their tail fins as rudders to generate sudden bursts of speed. Their best known adaptation for survival is
    its ability to fill its highly elastic stomach with air or water until the entire fish becomes
    almost spherical in shape. Pufferfish have sharp spines all over their
    body and these become visible when it’s inflated. Predators that catch the pufferfish before
    or during inflation may choke to bath. However, the most important defense mechanism
    is the tetrodotoxin, or TTX, which can be present in its liver, ovaries, intestines
    or skin. For people, this neurotoxin can be deadly. Poisoning symptoms include vomiting, dizziness
    as well as numbing and prickling over the body. It’s followed by decreased blood pressure,
    rapid heart rate and muscle paralysis. As the diaphragm muscle becomes paralyzed,
    the victim stops breathing. Number 4 Stonefish
    The stonefish is one of the most venomous fish known to man. These creatures live in mud flats and estuaries
    among rocks or coral formations in the coastal regions of the Indo-Pacific. The stonefish draws its name from its appearance
    which seamlessly blends with the fish’s surrounding environment. They’ve thick bodies with large heads and
    mouths and bumpy skin covered with wart-like lumps and fleshy flaps. When resting, unmoving on the sea floor, it’s
    very difficult to detect. Swimmers who don’t notice these creatures
    may inadvertently step on them, which can trigger a painful and even deadly sting. Glands which are located at the bottom of
    the fish’s dorsal fin spines secrete potent neurotoxins. As the swimmer steps on it, the fish may inject
    a quantity of venom that’s proportional to the pressure applied to it. Stings may also occur on beaches, as these
    fish can live out of water for up to 24 hours. An additional defensive feature was revealed
    by a 2018 study. According to the report, stonefish can extend
    a lachrymal saber, which is a sharp specialized spine, whenever they feel threatened. If left untreated, the sting of a stonefish
    can be fatal. Hot water and vinegar should be applied to
    the affected area, followed by immediate treatment with anti-venom. Number 3 Stargazer
    The stargazer has been called ‘the meanest thing in creation’. In addition to their terrifying appearance,
    some species can deliver venom as well as electric shocks. Stargazers draw their name from the fact that
    their eyes are placed on top of their heads, as if they’re ‘looking at the stars’. They can be found all over the world in deep
    and shallow salt waters. Stargazers have massive heads, large upward-facing
    mouths and their bodies can grow to almost 3ft, for the giant stargazer. Their killing technique relies on ambush and
    they have weapons in their arsenal that can cause some serious damage. Stargazers camouflage themselves in the sand
    and leap upwards to ambush prey. Some species have a worm-shaped lure, that
    grows out of the floors of their mouths and which they can wiggle in order to attract
    prey. Above their pectoral fins, stargazers have
    two large venomous spines. Stargazer species from the Astroscopus or
    Uranoscopus genera can also deliver electric shocks, in addition to venom. All these vicious adaptations are why stargazers
    are sometimes known locally as the ‘mother-in-law fish’. Number 2 Candiru
    Also known as the toothpick or vampire fish, this parasitic catfish is native to the Amazon
    Basin and found in Ecuador, Peru, Colombia, Brazil and Bolivia. The smaller candiru species are known for
    their tendency of invading and parasitizing the human urethra. Once it enters the passage, the candiru erects
    the short spines on its gill covers and may cause inflammation, bleeding and even bath
    to its victim. One report from the 1800s, talks about a Brazilian
    physician who examined several male patients whose penises had been amputated following
    parasitism by candiru. In 1891, naturalist Paul Le Cointe describes
    an incident involving a candiru that became lodged in the vaginal canal of its victim. Le Cointe removed the candiru himself. First he pushed it forward to disengage its
    spikes and then turned it around and took it out head first. One of the most persistent reports about the
    candiru defies the laws of simple fluid physics. Some locals from the Amazon Basin claim that
    it’s dangerous to urinate in rivers known for the presence of candiru. It is said that the fish can jump out of the
    water and ascend the length of the you’re in column to enter the urethra. Even though fluid mechanics makes this impossible,
    it remains one of the most common myths regarding the candiru. Number 1 Sheepshead
    This deep-bodied flat fish is commonly found on the Gulf and the Atlantic coasts of North
    America. The sheepshead has a silver body with 5 to
    7 broad, dark vertical bands. It has a short mouth, finely serrated scales
    and sharp dorsal spines. The sheepshead can reach 35 inches in length
    and weigh more than 25 pounds, although such proportions are rare. The most unusual aspect about this species
    is its dentition which is eerily similar to that of human beings. Its front teeth resemble human incisors while
    its back teeth look like human molars. This dental pattern enables the sheepshead
    to crush and grind its prey. It can chew through heavily-armored prey like
    echinoderms, oysters or barnacles. The sheepshead is also quite cunning as it’s
    known to steal bait from fishing hooks.

    MASSIVE Seafood FEAST in Sri Lanka – INSANE Fish Market and HOME COOKED Sri Lankan FISH CURRY HEAVEN
    Articles, Blog

    MASSIVE Seafood FEAST in Sri Lanka – INSANE Fish Market and HOME COOKED Sri Lankan FISH CURRY HEAVEN

    August 18, 2019

    – And here it is guys,
    the local mullet fish. (speaking in foreign language) It’s honestly some of the hardest work you’ll ever experience. Alright, check it out
    guys, it’s Trevor James. We just got into beautiful
    Galle, southern Sri Lanka. And I am so pumped, because
    today we are gonna be having a ton of delicious
    southern Sri Lankan cuisine, we’re gonna be having a home cooked meal. Let’s check it out. (upbeat music) And just look where we are guys. Stunningly beautiful southern
    Sri Lanka, right on the beach. There’s all these fishing boats up here and they’re actually pulling
    in the lines as we speak. So we’re gonna get some seafood
    and bring it to our friends and have a big seaffod,
    southern Sri Lankan meal. Can I help? Okay. So we’re gonna help pull it in. Whoa, that is heavy. And you can see the line
    goes so far out there. And you can see Galle in the background. Incredibly beautiful here. Look at that beautiful
    old fort city in the back. And this is gonna be full
    of parra, local parra fish. (laughing) This is hard work. – Yes. – Yeah. – My hobby.
    – Your hobby? – Not job, not job. – Not job? Hobby.
    – Hobby. – Oh, for exercise. – Exercise. – For health. (laughing) Whoa. Pull. (speaking in foreign language) We’re getting closer. (speaking in foreign language) And you can see all of
    the rope down there, it’s getting coiled up and
    we’re just bringing it all in. This is awesome. Pull. You can see everyone is
    putting in so much work here. Wow. The final pull, after two hours. We’re here, it’s finally here. It’s finally here and look
    at all the guys working. Let’s hope there’s some big ones in there. (speaking in foreign language) This is the net. Looking pretty empty. (speaking in foreign language) There’s the net. Wow. There’s the fish. (speaking in foreign language) Oh, there’s a few in there. But they don’t look too big. Oh, hopefully there’s a couple
    in there worthy of eating. (grunting) That is heavy. I think that’s it right there. Whew, that is pretty empty-looking. Just a few fish in there. I don’t know if this is a good
    day in there for them or not. (grunting) It’s not big. Small. We’ll see what’s inside. You never know. There might be some good ones in there. Oh, I think there’s
    definitely a few in there, judging by the feeling. It doesn’t look like a really good catch. And as we stared at the catch and what’s become incredibly clear to me as we’ve traveled around the world is that this Earth has
    a huge plastic problem. And in my excitement for the fish, I didn’t say anything on the spot, but after looking at this
    footage, it has to be said. We have to reduce out plastic
    consumption all over the world if we want a clean environment. Oh yeah, you can see… Wow. Here we go. There’s a big one in there for sure. Oh and here it is, whoa. That’s a giant. (speaking in foreign language) Oh, look at that. That’s a giant. What an amazing experience
    and all that hard work. You can see we’ve just got a
    few big ones, just a couple. – It’s mullet. – Oh, mullet. Mullet, tasty? Are they tasty? How much? – Mullet? – Mullet. – Mullet one kilo, 800 rupees. – 800 rupees, for one kilo. – Yeah, local price. – Okay. That’s a big one there. 800 rupees, one kilo. (speaking in foreign language) – Local price, local price. Can we buy the big one? (speaking in foreign language) Can we buy it? – This big one? – Yeah. (speaking in foreign language) Oh, let’s weigh it. Let’s try and see if we can buy that one. And bring it to our friends to cook. (speaking in foreign language) Yeah, how much? – [Man] Six and a half kilo. – Six and a half kilo? – 5200 rupees. – 5200. – Whole fish, yeah. – The whole fish? – Yeah.
    – Okay. There it is. And just look at all the fish, we’re buying the biggest one from the catch and we’re gonna bring that to our local family here and cook it up. – Take picture. – Take a picture. – This side. – Oh, this side? – Yeah. (grunts) – Okay. – Oh, look at that, this is out mullet. We are gonna buy this here
    and have a huge feast. And here it is guys,
    the local mullet fish. How many kilo? – Six and a half. – Six and a half kilo. – Yeah. – Curry in, curry good. – Curry is good.
    – Yep, yep. – To cook this with the curry. Spicy. Oh, look at that beauty right there, wow. We’re just gonna clean that and just look at the size of that beauty. Whoa. Oh and we’re just gonna cut it open here. That’s a huge fish, that’s giant. Wow. Giant fish. Wow, and we’re just
    slicing it up nice here. (chopping) And you can see, we’re
    just slicing through it, we’ve got the head in the
    back, being chopped up, right in the fish market here. So much selection, the
    catch wasn’t the best today, there was just a few big ones. We got the biggest one here
    and that is gonna be so tasty. Those are like mullet steaks. Look at those, big size. And look at the flesh there. That just looks like it’s gonna
    go so well with some curry. Look at all those steaks. Wow. And as they’re chopping
    up our beautiful mullet, you can see all of the beautiful, fresh local seafood here in Galle. This is gonna be one of the most delicious
    seafood feasts ever. And after bagging up that
    nice and plump mullet, we made our way out to our
    friend Ruizaina’s friend’s home for a huge southern Sri Lankan feast. And got a look at their backyard Sri
    Lankan cinnamon production, used not only for spice,
    but also for cooking fuel, adding even more cinnamon-smoky
    goodness into the cooking. This is just amazing guys. We are in the car with
    Ruizaina and Ting right now to meet Ruizaina’s friends
    from southern Sri Lanka and just look out the window, look at how green and
    lush and vibrant this is. Sri Lanka is just like the most gorgeous, heavenly place on Earth. This is just so beautiful. So what’s the plan today, Ruizaina? – So we’ve been invited
    by people that I know and that are dear to us,
    to cook the fish head in the southern style. – [Trevor] Southern style. – [Ruizaina] Southern Sri Lankan style. – Oh, what a beautiful country. We are in the south, just
    so green and lush here. – How are you? – Hi, how are you? This is amazing. – Yeah, so this is like
    a traditional hearth. – [Trevor] Traditional style kitchen here. – [Ruizaina] Yes, traditional hearth, Sri Lankan traditional hearth. You don’t really get this anymore, but all here to come really deep– – Really deep local food– – Yeah, yeah, local food is. – Wow, so it’s all made with fire here. – Yeah, this is made of
    clay inside as you can see. – [Trevor] Oh. – [Ruizaina] So it’s like made
    of clay and made of cow dung, because it absorbs heat. – [Trevor] Hm. – [Ruizaina] So everything
    that you cook in here is very smoky and very flavorful. – [Trevor] Awesome. – Chunks of fish, they’re gonna cook it
    in the southern style like with onions and vinegar
    and peppery and chilly. And the head is gonna be
    cooked in like a milk, like a coconut milk based soup. – [Trevor] Oh. – Yeah, it’s very southern,
    very Sri Lankan, very– – Amazing. – Old Shillong style. – Old Shillong. – Old Shillong style cooking. – [Trevor] Oh, and are
    these mustard seeds? – [Ruizaina] Yeah, so this is
    also very traditional method of grinding and blending, this
    is our Sri Lankan blender. – [Trevor] Wow, these are mustard seeds. – [Ruizaina] Yeah, these is mustard seed, so she’s like grinding it, the taste is completely different. This is the pure way of
    getting the taste out. – [Trevor] Oh, the real flavor. – [Ruizaina] Yeah, so when you
    grind it this way, the oils come out perfectly, as opposed
    to using a modern blender where it becomes liquid– – [Trevor] Oh! – [Ruizaina] This becomes a paste. – [Trevor] Beautiful. – [Ruizaina] So this is
    called cinnamon wood. – [Trevor] Really? – [Ruizaina] Yeah, so this
    is cinnamon wood burning, so just imagine the smoke and the flavor– – [Trevor] Wow. – [Ruizaina] Of the
    cinnamon wood in that pot. You put water, curry
    leaves, pandan leaves, chilly powder, little curry powder. – [Trevor] Wow, right
    over the cinnamon wood. And then we’re gonna make a different one with the meat from the body, right? – [Ruizaina] Yes, that
    is also a southern style traditional method of cooking. – [Trevor] Oh, right here. – [Ruizaina] This is the base of that, so this is the flavors, the
    onions, tomatoes, curry leaves and they’ll be putting capsicum in it, a little bit of ginger,
    garlic and pepper and vinegar. – Oh wow, this is just incredibly stunning and this is just stunning
    guys, right from the market. Right out of the water, we
    hauled it in for two hours. And now we’re having
    local, southern style. Smells good. Wow, what’s this here? – Old-school machine, old school– (laughing) Scraping machine. You have to know how to do it,
    if not, your hand will slip. – [Trevor] Oh, and you’ll get cut. And what are we gonna do
    with this coconut here? – [Ruizaina] They’re gonna
    put some warm water in this and squeeze out all the milk
    and the oils that comes from it and that’s what’s going
    into the fish head. – [Trevor] Oh, so it’s super natural. – [Ruizaina] Yeah, everything is natural. – [Trevor] Super natural. – Nothing is, you know– – [Trevor] Wow. – Fake or powder. – [Trevor] This is the
    real deal right here. Okay, and this is the final step here? – [Ruizaina] Yes, so there’s more mustard that’s going into the coconut milk. – [Trevor] Oh. – Yeah so she’s going to like, melt it into the coconut
    milk before she adds it in so that’s more flavor in
    there, like rich mustard. – [Trevor] Wow, so rich. – So that kick of mustard
    and the coconut milk and then the chilly and the curry powder and when you’re like having
    the soup, you’ll see. – [Trevor] Oh, I can’t wait. And that’s gonna go wight
    over the top of the fish head. – [Ruizaina] Yes. – [Trevor] Wow. That is beautiful. That’s gonna make it so nice and creamy. – [Ruizaina] So nice and creamy. – [Trevor] And slightly mustardy. – [Ruizaina] And flavorful. – [Trevor] With that cinnamon bark– – [Ruizaina] And the cinnamon smoke. – [Trevor] Oh, wow. – And even this seeds marinating now, so the fish is absorbing all
    that favor, all that pepper, the mustard, the cinnamon,
    the curry leaves, it’s now marinating, because
    this fish, the mullet is very soft and mild, so it’s absorbing all
    the flavor right now. – [Trevor] Wow. Oh and here’s the fish head. There it is. Oh, just look at the color of that. And as all the dishes were
    finishing up and being plated Ruizaina brought me to the backyard to see all the local Sri Lankan
    cinnamon being dried out. So what are they doing up here? – [Ruizaina] This is, they’re drying it. – [Trevor] Oh, drying the cinnamon? It is so aromatic. When you walk in here, it just smells like the
    most potent cinnamon. Oh and what’s he doing here? Is he just like stuffing it in? – [Ruizaina] So what they do is they scrape off the tree from there. – [Trevor] Hm. – Right, so each tree’s been scraped, each tree bark has been taken and now, he’s putting it all together to– – [Trevor] Ah. – [Ruizaina] So it’s rolled all together. So this is the cinnamon
    tree in its raw formation so he’s gonna scrape it. – [Trevor] Just scraping that bark. – [Ruizaina] Yeah. – [Trevor] And it’s the inside
    of the bark that’s used? – [Ruizaina] Yeah, it’s inside. So they clean the top bark
    and then they start slicing– – Oh yeah. That smells so good. And before we knew it,
    it was time to feast. Wow, this is just amazing. Ruizaina can you please thank everybody for their hard work for
    this beautiful meal? (speaking in foreign language) – Thank you. – Thank you, thank you so much. So what do we have here today? – This is red rice. – Oh. – So our Sri Lankan
    version of the red rice. – [Trevor] Wow, so that’s just like from the local farms here? – [Ruizaina] From the local paddy field. This is a type of yam. Again, very famous in southern style. – [Trevor] Wow. – [Ruizaina] It’s called kiri ala. – [Trevor] Kiri ala. – [Ruizaina] Yeah so it’s
    like a root, it’s a root. – Oh okay. And it’s creamy. – It’s creamy, it’s very, very creamy. – Wow. – So this is young jackfruit. – [Trevor] Young jackfruit. – [Ruizaina] Young jackfruit. – [Trevor] It looks like meat. – [Ruizaina] Yeah, it does look like meat. – [Trevor] Wow, and there’s
    lots of curry leaves and dry style. – [Ruizaina] Yes, dry style,
    again a lot of pepper, cinnamon flavors and curry leaves. Yeah and this is the jackfruit seed. – [Trevor] Jackfruit seed. – [Ruizaina] Yeah, jackfruit seed. Again, they’ve used like
    black coconut in it. – Oh wow, look at that. And then this is the real specialty here. – [Ruizaina] Yeah, this is the fish– – [Trevor] This is right from the net. We got this this morning,
    from the beach in Galle. – This is another southern
    style fish preparation. It’s called Maalu Ambul Thial. – [Trevor] Maalu Ambul Thial. – [Ruizaina] Yeah, so they use a lot of brindleberry in this. – [Trevor] Oh wow, and
    what type of fish is this? – [Ruizaina] It’s a type of tuna. – [Trevor] It’s a type of tuna. – [Ruizaina] Yeah, strong tuna. – [Trevor] Wow. And then what else do we have here? – [Ruizaina] So this is jackfruit. – [Trevor] Jackfruit. (laughs) – [Ruizaina] Yeah, jackfruit
    curry, very famous in Sri Lanka especially in southern areas. And this is ambarella. – [Trevor] Ambarella? – [Ruizaina] Yeah, it’s a type of fruit. – From the tree here? – [Ruizaina] Yeah, just
    from the tree here. – [Trevor] Oh wow. – [Ruizaina] And fried fish is a must. Fresh sardines. – [Trevor] Fresh sardines? – [Ruizaina] Yeah, fresh sardines fried. – Oh, look at that rice. Thank you, thank you. Red local rice. – Yes. – Right from the farms. Oh and this is the fish body here. – [Ruizaina] This the fish
    body made southern style with pepper and vinegar. – [Trevor] Pepper and vinegar. And you can see the
    mustard seed in there too. – [Ruizaina] Yeah. – [Trevor] Ground up, they ground it up– – [Ruizaina] Mm-hmm. – [Trevor] With their own stone grinder. Look at that color, look at that plate. Oh and here comes the fish head. And they added their own
    homemade coconut milk in there. – [Ruizaina] Yeah, so you
    put it on top of that. – [Trevor] That is stunning. – [Ruizaina] And add that– – And just drizzle that sauce on. Wow, amazing. Is that for me? – Yeah, that’s for you. – Oh. I can’t wait to try this. Can you tell them we pulled it in? – Yeah. Did you tell them we pulled– (speaking in foreign language) – Yeah, we pulled it in. (speaking in foreign language) – Thank you.
    – Thank you. So we should just dive in. – [Ruizaina] Yeah, just– – [Trevor] Take a piece of that fish head. Oh and you can just use
    hand and mix it with rice. – [Ruizaina] Or just have it on its own. – Oh. – Fish head. – Hm. Wow. Oh wow. (laughing) – So good, right? Unbelievable. – [Trevor] Incredibly delicious. Hm! (speaking in foreign language) – Like slightly creamy
    and mustardy and spicy. – Mm-hmm. – Hm, wow, delicious. What I’m really excited
    to try is the body. The fish body that we
    got from the net today. – [Ruizaina] Mm-hmm. – [Trevor] Looks like
    it’s got so much mustard and they topped it with that
    tomato onion fry, right? – [Ruizanina] Yeah. – Mustardy smooth beauty. Oh. – Oh, yum, right? – Oh, wow. (speaking in foreign language) – That is divine. Oh, and it’s just the
    perfect mixture there of those tomatoes and
    onions and the pepper. – [Ruizaina] Mm-hmm.
    – [Trevor] And mustard. – [Ruizaina] Mm-hmm. – [Trevor] That garnish that
    they put on top, that fried– – [Ruizaina] Yeah. – [Trevor] Beautiful mixture
    combined with the fish. The flesh is so soft. – So much vinegar, right? – Hm, slightly sour. Oh wow. And what’s this here? – [Ruizaina] This is the cooked fruit. The cooked ambarella. – [Trevor] Cooked ambarella, right from the local trees
    here in the backyard. – [Ruizaina] Local trees, yeah. This is really, really good. – [Trevor] And what’s this sauce on here? What’s that gravy? – They use palm sugar. – Hm. – Yeah and spices and– – So it’s sweet. – Yeah, it– – Oh, hm. Oh it’s sweet.
    – [Ruizaina] Yeah. – You can taste the palm sugar. And spicy. – [Ruizaina] Yeah, spicy and sour. – [Trevor] It’s like you’re
    biting into a firmer pineapple. – [Ruizaina] Yeah, yeah. – [Trevor] It’s kind of like a pineapple. – [Ruizaina] So southern style, they mainly use sour and pepper and spice. – [Trevor] Hm. – [Ruizaina] Yeah, so
    that is the main flavor that you get in your palate. They’re saying that they feel
    like they didn’t do enough. – What? – Yeah. – This is so delicious. – Hm. – This is amazing, some of the best food we’ve
    ever tasted right here. (speaking in a foreign language) – Really good. (speaking in foreign language) – This was honestly one of the
    best meals we’ve ever eaten. Made with so much love
    from these amazing people. Sri Lanka truly is a beautiful country with delicious food, friendly people, and some of the most beautiful
    scenery in the world. Thank you. Bye-bye. Thank you. It’s just amazing. I would love to know what
    you thought down below make sure to click that subscribe button leave me a comment, I would
    love to hear from you. And stay tuned, ’cause we have tons of
    amazing videos coming up. Thanks so much guys.

    9 Fish That Hunt Land Animals
    Articles, Blog

    9 Fish That Hunt Land Animals

    August 18, 2019

    from one species that can effectively
    walk out of the water to another which is known as the fish from hell here are
    nine fish that can hunt land animals before we begin be sure to subscribe –
    they will kill you hit the like button and request any topics you’d like to
    learn about in the comments section below number nine mudskipper mudskippers are
    found in temperate subtropical and tropical regions including the Atlantic
    coast of Africa and the Indo Pacific like the name would suggest this fish
    has several fascinating adaptations which enable it to travel on land as
    well as in the water they’re able to walk or skip on land by using their
    pectoral and pelvic fins on land they survive by breathing through their skin
    throat and the mucous lining of their mouths this is called cutaneous air
    breathing and it’s similar to the way amphibians breathe on land however this
    is only possible when mudskippers are moist which is why they tend to be
    restricted to humid habitats they’re able to regulate their body temperatures
    by digging deep burrows in soft sediments which also protect them from
    predators during high tide on land mud skippers perform a wide variety of
    activities these include feeding courting potential partners as well as
    establishing and defending territories that diets include snails insects small
    crabs and even other mudskippers number eight tiger shark up until recently the
    consensus was that that tiger sharks only feed on marine animals and water
    birds then a researcher from Dolphin Island sea lab named Marcus dreimann
    made an interesting discovery in 2009 after he caught a tiger shark off the
    coast of Alabama dreimann noticed that the shark had coughed up feathers
    interestingly enough these feathers didn’t belong to a water bird
    this led dreimann to suspect that tiger sharks might be supplementing their
    with other types of birds a study followed in which the stomach’s of over
    50 tiger sharks were dissected the contents of about half of the fish’s
    stomachs revealed beaks feathers and feet from terrestrial birds like meadow
    larks woodpeckers and tanika’s the theory is that as they migrate some
    birds lose their way there thus forced to keep
    flying until they become exhausted which brings them closer and closer to the
    surface where the tiger sharks are waiting to snap them in their jaws
    number seven wels catfish wels catfish is by all accounts a true River monster
    in 2009 a large catfish almost drowned the Hungarian fisherman he had attempted
    to grab the fish in a hold but soon regretted the decision the fisherman
    barely escaped with his life after the fish dragged him underwater by his right
    leg wels catfish can potentially weigh over
    660 pounds while measuring up to 16 feet that’s significantly larger than any
    human being even though reports of such giants have
    become a rarity in recent years an interest in tendency has been observed
    in medium sized catfish from the tan River in Alba France
    they’ve reportedly developed an ability to grab pigeons from the riverbanks it’s
    believed that the larger catfish have taken to hunting in the river depths
    forcing the smaller catfish to search for other sources of food it’s also
    suspected that the larger specimens can’t swim the shallow waters to get to
    the riverbanks after the catfish grabbed the pigeons they consumed them in the
    water based on observation they have a kill rate of 28 percent this may seem
    low but it’s actually quite impressive for a fish hunt in an animal that can
    essentially fly away when threatened number six African tiger fish
    this fish genis native to the african continent is commonly referred to as
    tiger fish the scientific name for the genes– is hydra sinners and it consists
    of five species which are all typically by severus meaning they feed on other
    fish Hydra Sina’s attaches however has become recorded displaying a rather
    unique adaptation it’s the only freshwater fish species proven to prey
    on birds in flight its main target consists of low-flying barn swallows a
    sleek body that measures over 3 feet in length and sharp fang-like teeth enabled
    tiger fish to quickly jump out of the water and grab birds as they fly past
    different hunting strategies have also been observed one is to hide just
    beneath the surface and to ambush the bird in flight while another involves
    chasing the bird from the surface and then leaping to grab it the first time
    this phenomenon was observed it happened so fast that the team responsible for
    recording it barely had time to realize what happened
    number 5 eel catfish researchers speculate that the eel catfish uses the
    same method to hunt on land that was used by the first vertebrates to venture
    out of the water around 420 million years ago to catch
    insects on land the eel catfish will arch its specialized spine to rise above
    its prey which usually consists of various insects then the eel descends on
    it trapping his prey against the ground and bend in its mouth around it
    eel catfish jaw muscles a hypertrophic meaning that the cells in the tissue are
    larger which increases bite strength in the water the eel catfish employs a
    different hunting technique it expands its mouth cavity pulling in extra water
    and sucking up prey on land this hunting technique wouldn’t work because air is
    around 800 times less dense than water number 4 silver Arowana
    the silver Arowana is native to South America in some species and known to
    reach almost 4 feet in length in its native waters the silver Arowana is
    known as the monkey fish for its ability to capture prey by jumping out of the
    water they typically swim near the surface
    while looking out for potential prey on tree branches the targets of its jumping
    attacks may include snakes insects bats or birds once it’s found a suitable
    victim the fish unleashes its incredibly Swift attack with a staggering jump that
    can reach over 6 feet above the water surface
    despite this impressive hunting technique the silver Arowana usually
    uses its drawbridge like mouths to eat animals floating on the surface by
    crustaceans or smaller fish number 3 rainbow trout this colorful fish is
    known to fight back when caught and for its ability to jump high above the water
    when hunting prey this predator will eat nearly anything it captures with a
    varied diet including insects smaller fish and even some small land animals
    the rainbow trout usually hunts for land animals during their breeding season
    when the prey is abundant in 2013 a researcher discovered a rainbow trout
    with the remains of 20 shrews in its stomach this furthered understanding of
    how apt the fish is at tackling land prey wildlife experts believe that the
    trout grabs these creatures whenever they venture close to the riverbank
    number 2 Archer fish much like the name implies this
    freshwater fish takes down prey using a ranged attack after the archer fish
    selects its target which usually consists of insects hanging from tree
    branches it contracts its gills to shoot a water stream from its mouth the stream
    is shaped by the fish’s mouth pots to travel faster at the rim than at the
    front forming the type of blob that impacts the target from around three to
    nearly seven feet they’re remarkably accurate shots however even if they miss
    the target the persistent archer fish will take multiple shots what’s even
    more remarkable is that the archer fish will develop its skill through social
    learning this means that they can observe how one member of the school
    uses the shooting technique to later adapt or modify their angles and target
    distances younger fish are initially inaccurate so by hunted in small schools
    they develop their shooting through observation and experience it has
    recently emerged that Archer fish also used Jets to hunt underwater prey
    experts don’t know which hunting technique developed first whether it was
    the aerial or underwater one according to one theory they evolved in parallel
    complementing each other the more they were used by the archer fish number one
    snakehead fish snakeheads are elongated fish with large
    mouths sharp shiny teeth and long dorsal fins there are 40 snakehead species
    belonging to two main types the para China native to Africa and the China in
    Asia since these freshwater fish breathe air through their gills they’re able to
    migrate short distances on land by wriggling with their bodies and fins
    snake heads can travel almost a quarter of a mile on land where they can survive
    for up to four days as bad news for animals on the shorelines or river banks
    as some snakehead species like the northern snakehead can grow to be over 3
    feet National Geographic has described this snakehead as fish Zillah for more
    than a hundred years humans have been introducing snake heads to
    non-indigenous waters where they become invasive and cause ecological damage the
    lack of natural predators in these waters means that snake heads often
    reach apex status they also tend to spread rapidly by the age of two or
    three the snakehead has already reached sexual maturity and a single female may
    release up to 150,000 eggs every two years after it was introduced either
    intentionally or ignorantly in North American waters the aggressive snakehead
    earned the reputation of Frankenfish monster fish or the fish from hell
    thanks for watching which fish do you think is the most apt at hunted land
    animals let us know in the comments section below

    Catching a Mid-Air Fish
    Articles, Blog

    Catching a Mid-Air Fish

    August 18, 2019

    Gav:Today we are
    on the Illinois River.
    Anyone die
    doing this before? Nobody’s ever been killed.
    Just a few broken jaws. Oh, joy. This is one of the most
    mental things I’ve ever filmed. Gav:Dan, we got, like,
    15 fish in the air.
    Whoa! Flippin’-A! This is chaos. Whoa, whoa! Oof! That is one of my favorite
    things we’ve ever filmed. Well, wasn’t that
    a lovely day on the river? Well, I mean, for you.
    You just sat on a boat
    having a nice day. I was holding on
    for dear life getting hit
    in the face with fish. – Getting pelted. My ideal day.
    – Oh, fine, yeah. – No, it was quite fun.
    – My favorite clip, I think– I think the one of you
    getting hit in the face. Whoa, whoa! Oof! – ( Gav laughs )
    – Jesus. We honestly
    couldn’t have asked
    for a more perfect shot – That’s true.
    – than that one that just
    beaned you right in the head. – Yeah.
    – And that is one
    of my favorites. I also very much like
    this shot.Something I noticed,and you can see it
    if I zoom in,
    as the fish lands
    on your life jacket,
    a little bit of poo.That is fish poo
    coming out of there.
    Dan:It left a smear.
    It left a smear.
    I wondered why I was getting
    covered in stuff.
    I’ve never been pooed on
    by a fish.
    Well, it’s all well and good
    being hit in the face – with flying fish and pooed on.
    – Well, it looks cool. – Yeah.
    – But why are they jumping
    out of the water? To find out, we spoke
    to a bloke called Jason. So we might as well
    start with the basics.
    What makes these fish jump? Well, there’s a variety of different things
    that can make fish jump.These fish are more
    than likely jumping
    to try and avoid what they
    perceive as a predation threat,
    something trying to eat them.What’s actually causing
    them to respond
    is the sound
    and pressure waves
    that are coming off
    the hull of the boat
    and, specifically,
    the boat motor. – Interesting.
    – So the fish weren’t
    always here. They’re not native to America. They’re called Asian carp.
    How did they actually
    get here then? They were intentionally
    introduced into southern
    United States fish farms. As those ponds were drained,
    some of the carp escaped.Anything that’s connected
    to the lower Mississippi River,
    which is one
    of the largest rivers
    in the western hemisphere,
    they’re branching out
    and expanding.
    So what’s the worst thing
    about them? – What kind of damage
    do they do?
    – From a social standpoint, they worst thing
    they do is jump. People have been injured,
    when a 6 to 16-pound fish comes crashing
    into your person. Yeah. ( grunts, groans ) The ecological problems
    that they cause have a lot of us
    ecologists worried. They eat plankton and other
    microscopic plants and animals that most of the fish
    in the river depend on. Right, so they’re just, like– they’re nipping other fish
    in the bud before– The worst case scenario is that
    they keep spreading unchecked. So what can we do as humans
    to maybe start fixing
    this problem? The easiest thing to do
    and the best thing to do
    is actually to eat them. They taste good,
    they’re good for you, and you don’t even have
    to be a good angler
    to catch them. They jump in your boat.
    They volunteer. – It’s really the perfect fish.
    – Wait, so they taste good, – they volunteer to be eaten.
    – Yeah. You just need
    to change the name. Just give it
    a more glamorous name,
    like a yum fish. Dan:
    Yummy, yummy fish.
    That’s it. All right, thanks very much,
    Jason. Very informative. – My pleasure. Thank you.
    – Thank you very much. All right,
    back to you Gav and Dan. Thanks, us.
    Well, you heard what he said. More people have got
    to start eating these fish. Obviously, I thought
    we’d do it our own way, so I thought
    we’d slow cook them. – I like what
    you’ve done there.
    – Thank you. Very clever. Here, we gotta chef up. So while Dan is preparing
    this delicious Asian carp, why don’t we take a lovely
    slo-mo look at how we caught it? – All right, rolling again.
    – All right, here we go. Whoa! Gav:
    That was a good attempt. ( Gav laughs ) Gav:But you bend down here.Dan:You see, I was losing
    my balance slightly
    ’cause I had to–Gav:And it just shot
    straight from the middle.
    – Dan:Getting my balance.
    Oof. Gav:But the moment
    I saw it hit you,
    I zoomed in for the reaction.
    It just…
    Square on the face.
    wiped you there.
    Dan:It was fine, actually.
    The helmet worked.
    That, like,
    proper wiped me out.
    I was just gone there.Gav:Very nice.All right, if you scoop one
    out of the air with a net, – that’s 150 points.
    – That’d be boss. Yeah. All right,
    let’s get back on. Whoa! Whoa! Whoa! – ( grunts ) Yeah!
    – Oh, he got it! – He’s got it!
    – I got him. Got a big one.( classical music playing )( music playing )Can you get off your phone
    while we’re at dinner, please? Sorry.
    I’m gonna go for the lemon. Oh, God. That’s pretty good. – Let’s have a taste.
    – Solid. Tastes like fish. – Weird, that.
    – Yeah, it’s good. Well, I think we learned
    a lot about Asian carp today. Yeah. I like that I managed
    to get revenge on the fish that hit me in the face
    and pooed on me there. Oh, that’s the one you caught?
    It came at you again
    and you caught him. – Is that what happened?
    – Yeah. Well, hopefully
    you enjoyed that episode
    of “Planet Slow Mo.” Be sure to check out
    more episodes of the show, and subscribe
    to the Slow Mo Guys,
    if you’d like. I’m just gonna
    crack open my fish. Not real, sadly, that. – Ooh!
    – Salt’s real. – Okay.
    – I got a bone.