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    Theory Crafting & Terrible Impressions「Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker 🍄🎒 Ep1」
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    Theory Crafting & Terrible Impressions「Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker 🍄🎒 Ep1」

    September 11, 2019


    back it’s time I’ve never played this game before I saw I was on the with you but it came back it came back for this for the Nintendo switch welcome everybody to captain to treasure oh sorry I forgot about the ad so for everyone watching of watching this in video form I actually put an ad to my live audience just right now the ad tracker oh it seems like is that the new adblock thing is what is that what YouTube is putting out to fight against adblock oh that sounds amazing alright now what now that that stupid opening is done where I could here’s the opening well good morning good night I get afternoon viewers to paying any time zone and this is Phil votes YouTube what’s what’s going on everybody uh I I did just play an ad as a joke that’s correct we’re playing captain toad treasure tracker I’ve never played it before um but let’s go let’s have a fun time thing for the $2 little woo me oh look at you well Twitter oh oh hey what’s up toad okay oh I see you oh my god get ready for my worst possible – oh gee uh ah oh oh it’s a cursor game am i playing league it’s like pointing click it’s going out here whoa do what’s this vantika Victo do it look this looks like like like a steel life version of me attempting to run to the bathroom except he didn’t making any progress his backpack is just too heavy oh whatever I give up you know this music though you know this music tho this musically reminds me of like that Yoshi game that just used kazoos except this just a little whistle so let me let me turn it up turn it up for you guys hey yeah oh yeah oh we got hello there just like real girls the instant I approach them they begin to run away alright cool cool nice 200 very cinematic dynamic camera shots is toad attempts to fall out of the world where are we by the way how do we get here you might want to turn up the volume I hate you chat up real tight how did we get here we’re we just stationed here did you just like randomly appear out of nowhere prepared for the use our stick to talk to look around I’ve already a look I’ve already accomplished this task unless there’s a secret I look like immediately secrets are out the bat where’s this can we do this oh all dude honey come down here I found a well of mushrooms and gold I promise you I’m not insane given that we are mushroom people dude date ideals right there top 10 date ideals wow are those daggers Oh God okay why why are you taking that stuff in the bird why can’t the bird get a star also why did you take my waifu why did you take toads waifu well you why you gonna be like that man my dates been snatched away by a giant bird date ideals captain to add treasure tracker meat to players don’t you’re overconfident in me you think I have a friend nearby to play this with do you think I have a friend that I could I could convince to play this changes no I don’t want to change also give up to $5 and I’ll cat I appreciate it let’s go to add plucky past beginnings haha I know that word from Jojo this game is online wait a minute I’m kidding it’s not I hate you jelly cuz I didn’t think it was and now I can’t go back how do I go back it’s not letting me it’s not letting me know yeah that’s okay that’s perfectly fine I’m still using a one player it’s okay thank you don’t have to explain it to me I’m about to switch you back I hate you guys hate all of you please let me progress in this coop again okay every yeah cool let’s go man plucky past beginnings Wow why is the world cheese right I just did this what okay is he gonna do like every level why does this diamond have eyes if I collect this diamond will it the skill it I don’t know man if I want to be doing that look if I if I close this diamond does it die where does this diamond go when I pick it up I killed it toad you’re a murderer the diamond had eyes had sentience in it feeling it’s dissolved toad toad what toad do you feel anything [Music] do you feel anything for what you’ve done of course you don’t of course you don’t you stand there a menace to society in the world around you keep this stupid let’s play going till art Allah great yes I thank you game for telling me to use the r-state to look around for the fifth time so far I don’t like that much toad toad look I like to operate under a nice family-friendly live stream don’t appreciate what you just did alright what we got here okay can do that hidden coins work out pretty well alright buff oh yeah every Bob oh we got no more coins okay nice freedom freedom well we got you know I understand that you’re up there please I would like to be up there with you too I would like to be up there too how do I do this Oh God first I must raise the entire world who built that who put something like that into the world up do you give me a diamond – congratulations I made it to my friend’s house by the way here’s some cubic zirconium not actually sure if that’s a real stoner or not [Music] thoth – why are you plotting them one guy is sleeping in one guy he’s reading told you to overly impressed so it’s like wow man good job of that snoozing [Music] toad is like oddly too wholesome I didn’t really expect this boy to be so like chill no I have a dog you’re now play play hide-and-seek with pixel toad play touch the pixel toad on there press Z are all right I press CR oh my god yeah there’s a little toad down there oh we don’t oh jeez okay fine picture so when you supply sign a place tap him to catch him okay before the three dollars odd cat I’m going to bite you hey okay are we doing playing pixel toad what is this I am I am touching him what what is the cursor to toad [Music] what part of toad is the cursor well I mean that one was actually fairly obvious given how like it literally showed me where it was okay pull up okay guy yeah some interesting game toad toad toad work with me work with me buddy why you putting your hands in the air it’s on your head toad toad I I hate to inform you you’re not carrying it you are in your head but your hands are I shouldn’t tell what he’s doing I shouldn’t always been you know what he does him he does him you do you toad [Music] you do you apparently that was not enough though all right what’s up shy guy why is the shy guy ready towards me this seems incorrect with his general naming structure he’s not a shy guy he actually wishes for me to die he’s a die guy alright wait hold on a minute be one it will just become like an actual powerup mushroom toe just became a powerup mushroom so is our toads just grown up powerup mushrooms [Music] did is it like are there like a bunch of toad bodies running around without a head and like the slowpoke evolution they just have to wait until they find each other and put the head on the body Kantos exchanged heads what if a toe takes his head off it puts it on another toad is it the same toad if Mario grabs toads head does it decapitate him CIA open up you’ll never take me alive okay interesting so I don’t believe I can kill these guys oh you have to sneak in got you oh oh yes never mind you could totally kill them I’ll leave that one there just to mess with everyone in chat who likes perfection requires I am tapping you I am tapping [Music] is not working how do I activate him tap him tap him when you do am i pressing a button would you do to zoom in it seems like he’ll have some good comedic effect later on cl-cl did not do the job ZL just resent use the camera Zr is done the job Thank You chat Thank You Chet hey let’s go that isn’t gonna help my headache while I talk why it does everything have wall I this doesn’t look like wall I warehouse it’s all I’m saying I won’t whoa I’ve been jebaited like okay like zoom in a little bit more this camera goes too far out oh yes oh yes there we go iodized close-up of toad holding his breath underwater toe you don’t have to hold your breath all the time you can actually just stick your head out of that water you realize that what does toad drowning sound like hold on I have a bottle of water next to me one second let me just um another thing work worst livestream I’ve ever done yes your I did just say what does toe drowning sound like I realized a little bit more messed up than I expected I intended apologies total so cannot jump you will never be able to find his way out let’s see wait so I understand toad toad toad isn’t too smart is he toad is like your dog that like you put him in the bath and then you starts like slowly lift him from the bath and he keeps on like pedaling like he’s so swimming toad it’s okay you you it’s total fish we already on the level of his tota mushroom but it’s sort of fish toad your foot is in the water wait does toad breathe with his legs oh my god no this just furthers this actually just furthers the separated head and body theory that I had also apparently have lost the controllers I don’t know why this literally just furthers the separated head and body theory his body breathes independently of his of his mouth that’s why he has to hold his breath thank you play the game no why would I it seems productive about you stop it stop it bad well I understand okay hang with that stop come with that stop oh yeah I forgot so yeah you so you can’t jump in this game the main selling point so I actually made a really good um version of someone made like a uh how would captain toad working Smash Brothers and it was like a really cool thing cuz interesting there’s a good read all right OSU just beat a run understood toad toad toad you just collected a mushroom for money for money you just collected one of your unfinished brethren and cashed it in I don’t understand the Mario universe frankly at this point nor do I want to is his cannibalism we already know that Inklings occasionally oh my god look at him go oh my god look at this man go I’m gonna tear it up Todai guaranteed to you that’s actually not making you swim faster that’s just your general determination I’ve never seen toad angry before look at him Holly I gotta get that walking I’ve never seen a toad get angry past there we go okay good good good good good all right all right talk to me talk to me Oh speed runs he’s selling back loss heads in pure mission to help oh do is that is that it is that is that how toads find each other is that how toad toads find new heads they wait until the elder toads acquire them and bring them back like the body clan I don’t know man the more I think about this lore though the warrior the weirder it gets and actually right here what’s the point of this is this like the head tribe before they find the bodies and look I’m not gonna try and even make sense of this guys one more time you know mushroom while you’re getting it if toad needs extra help can you remove his own head to power himself up a little bit more complicated I thought how long was I I have to navigate blind I probably don’t have to I’m probably just dumb there we go there we go close closed-toed oh of course it’s the rotation thing wait a minute did I walk too far uh hold on a minute it’s like eating your own leg for nutrients but we’ve already established that they’re separate entities I see we’ve already established that they’re like separate entities so like is it though hold one second here look at these points there you go what Toto writin adorable right that’s cute okay what happens here oh okay I see neat neat I’ll take one of these actually do I even need one of these I seem fine without it well finally we got to where we were initially going to oh here we go got him [Music] okay presses er on bad guys oh okay choice of it or press er to interact with the objects and stop enemies okay I understand Zr didn’t destroy the temples bridge oh so you can actually just go around it who so there’s actually challenges to every level oh okay all right well I’m gonna guess I think I already have an idea where where where our toting question is hidden who speedrun he’s probably somewhere over here I would imagine either on the walls of the interior or potential I feel like he’s gonna be in here somewhere over here I knew it don’t know why I knew it but there he was all right perfect now what we got touchstone trouble alright sounds good to me ooh zr o zr okay interesting I can work with that I can’t zoom which is strange oh I see no no no I got I get it so did you like ah okay I can see why this game is so good I didn’t get it at first but I get it now so in that case I believe where I’m going is actually over here and then it raised this guy up but I also want those diamonds all not I’m not gonna lie yeah oh good job toad also realtalk who’s putting keys in the ground who’s hiding was here feels it feels impractical frankly that’s okay I like this I do indeed like this by going through here alright so in order to get over there I need to break nor no hold on I can’t break those but that is the only way in they seem breakable toads light bobbing did not do the job though hmm alright thoth is a heavy boys all I’m saying oh I get it toad is a very heavy boy when this man lands might like my controllers quake in fear of this man’s birth all right so in order to get there all right done have a guy can raise this one hey that was satisfying Kyle it sounds like it says mail call all right cleared course in three touches ah you’re not gonna do every single challenge toad right now I’d rather experience more of what this book has to offer the book of toad all right there we go mushroom meza pam pam pam pam better than that better Oh God that bird just tried to sit on on captain toad so was it the design concept for captain toad well actually the design key I was gonna make a long-running joke about it but like the design content concept free captain Thoth was likely just um he was actually a captain because I believe his first appearance was in mario galaxy if i’m not mistaken i could be mistaken by believers yeah his first appearance was in mario galaxy so and then he was just straight-up eight you i’m good at this game and then he was just straight-up a captain hahaha mail call the best it would make sense for him to be a captain i all right why can I make this shy guy vibrate I have many becoming the bird oh why can I make them vibrate [Music] I there are many questions I have about this apparently I released him oh my god was that toad skull when you die you just straight up dead up see toad skull it’s okay to show she’s fairly messed up frankly there we go I feel like zoom mode maybe I’m the weird one here but that just doesn’t seem like something that like I don’t know I’m probably the wait what okay what do we got over here bring us up now bring this down bring this up hey got him dad mail call hey Mario hey elbow there we go the real toad voice sounds more soulless the chase of pyro puffs peak is that the new Jigglypuff patch okay double cherry palace okay [Music] whoa okay neat I totally missed a gem look you guys were criticizing me over Celeste oh god don’t do this thing hey hey hey this pac-man who’s just like pac-man all right what is that what is that what is ah why does it move told get it wait okay okay vibrate it I got it I got it I got it I got it trap kill him kill him he’s taking our kingdoms gems he must be purged from this earth I’ll do let’s go let’s go – totes perfect okay I believe I’ve made a bridge switch so now that we’ve created two toads is it like a bloody battle royale to determine which toad is the toad that moves on in life in which toe just ends their life there is this like one of those big moral dilemmas like which toad is the one that is the one that that will live oh jeez like there’s a whole whole thing over here okay okay well I would say neither of them made it down there we go all right it’s not gonna work out as perfectly as I hoped nevermind it actually is alright but Phil what you forgot a strawberry all right Celeste people hold on one second since I was gonna need to go out and around I didn’t miss anything over here right we’re minute hold up what is this whole was a small hole in ground wait toad you’ve already fallen didn’t you I don’t know this does it does not seem to do anything well that’s a feels bad man right there one toad is left to die forever all right neat so again this is the if they touch each other if you if they touch each other does this cause like a time paradox apparently not all right tell our to look friend okay so is this like Naruto shadow clone jutsu because there is a whole episode dedicated to the sentence of those things so like brother if I grab this one of us will die okay well cool nice to know toads life is worth a grand total of ten coins that’s another being that’s another sentient living clone you’d think you’d be more than worth more than ten bucks is this toad talking right here hey here’s a quick tip you could look at an hour while exploring predict tails please they don’t look at the control information but pressing – will playing course Oh God yep I need some more ibuprofen in about a second here Oh Lord Oh God that didn’t help that really didn’t help my headache Oh God the Lions shyguy heights okay Forks and me they say bump when they turn who does toad I do not hear them I don’t hear them up I’m aware of the joke yoga thumb where of the buffing joke but I do not see it die by vegetables all right stop right there please vibrate in place for me thank you my desires are uncredentialed all right now yeah got him dude he’d be broken and smash could you imagine this is why captain toad isn’t in Smash Brothers you’re seeing it he could grab from the entire stage over his neutral special is just you died by um Zr whoa okay hey that’s pretty nifty wait well I want my in fame riches there we go there we go there we go oh why did you go you weren’t ready the other one was ready I understood that I consumed ahead and became more of a complete toad because of it once again what all right well either way this shouldn’t be too bad climb over here and make me I’ll make the next turn here we go grab woods er there we go well almost almost okay incomplete turns I probably just done this angle beforehand here we go stop thank you it’s a wild of Tokyo tumble a ten seconds have passed oh my wha Wilson did it beautiful that joke hasn’t been relevant in a long time I’m sorry the fail bow channel is not for outdated memes if I ever seen an outdated meme in chat you’ll be as dead as Harambee is let’s go to with his sniper shots wait honey there we go alright where we looking you where we going actually yeah where are we going stay there for a second right there stay right there thank you perfect he’s like wait a minute I think someone got by me while I was in vibrate mode they’re right there dealing with you now I’m gonna deal with you beautiful okay well the chat is just filling up with dead memes I’ve really created the worst possible time line oh you could totally climb this ladder once again your hands are not functioning as you think they are toad what you’re feeling is phantom limb syndrome I believe I feel like you can feel we can get do this together turn the arms that used to be on your head are long and gone till use actually have arms on his head every mushroom comes with a pair of arms right could we uh yep I was waiting for that one stay right there buddy just stay right there I’ve gotta admit the textures in this game are very nice but the texture is very good here we go yeah this game stands for a lot of things cannibalism selling all the roots for money like paralyzing small shy guys Frank ladies feel bad hey guys can we just talk about how I’m halfway through this game mm-hmm is that the case by the way are we halfway through this game right now or are there more levels because if this is all that this game has I’m gonna be a little bit this is 40 bucks come how much did this game cost hey this game is more content than star ellas okay there’s more levels Thank You Chad all right all right cool sorry again how about guys spin this thing dude what can we talk about how towed must have some very toned forearms and general toned shoulders in order to turn what is this giant contraption at the speeds that he is towed is ripped but no one talks about it is all I’m saying it’s messed up I start don’t appreciate that we’re just walking on knowledge like this that’s disrespectful to the authors imagine toad on a teacup ride at Six Flags you’re awake Ling’s do I like to stop reading something tells me I should be interacting with also this really hurts my brain I got like a puke just saying things randomly as toad just really completes me how’s this guy this like Mario Galaxy all over again except not good camera all good I can’t wait toads about to enter the chat Oh God now you guys all to go hey it’s what toad would do yeah wait hold on I can’t do anything Oh that of course is it it just it’s one of these gotcha can’t do that there we go chat toad has entered the chat he’s possessed you guys Hey hi so interested in my oppa ma i oh hey Maya well there we go get that it’s the only joke I will ever make when I when he gets that I will just streak into the microphone what an amazing let’s player I am amiibo um Bebo yeah what is this whole scam the tote amiibo to get any invincibility mushroom what about Mario if I scanned Mario is Mario toad I’ll do two gives me a one-up that’s incredible what if I scan a guardian does this kill toads village and generally dismantle his society with laser beams as it ravages the world and unleashes in Bolivian onto his kind no I just gives me another life okay um how about the inkling here we go well buy this one BAM oh let’s go where does realize is he’s eating more of his kind all these mushrooms stop it I don’t hold on one second guys I’m one up grinding luckily I have like 50 what now why did that one give me two it was it was it was my green inkling amiibo that was cozy I just get cozy that’s the amiibo I scanned to get cozy and in splatoon to Cousy right mind I’ll do well minecraft minecraft’ wants to play in segments for this it looks like we’re still gonna get it what did he just say when he starts to level hold on what does he see when he starts a little this game isn’t really aesthetically pleasing I got any min look at this rock texture that’s like a really pleasing rock texture okay let’s go oh oh is this pokemon snap oh I don’t like that all this doesn’t have motion controls oh it hurts my everything why does this not have motion controls oh I see now I’ve missed out on something ah dude even for tonight has motion controls come on in Tendo what are you doing ah doesn’t like I don’t like you know playing with separated joy Khan’s so it’s like I’m using splatoon controls ah dude VR and Mario games is so good dude hey move those snapshots yo I got them Snipes I got them Snipes goodbye dr. claw I do I have two claw grip this in order to make this the most effective thing possible anywhere like look around and also like move in also shoot oh never mind zr shoots never mind never mind everybody we’re gonna crash that with a okay Oh God we’re going to die alright gang now let’s go No [Music] I could be your mom look easy toad don’t put toad in front of color duty it’ll ruin his pure soul make sure I can call that soul pure BAE let’s go spinning wheel Bullet Bill base all right cool let’s go-o-o how we enter lava world how are ya over here how’s this llama not falling how’s this loving I like falling outside the world I have many questions all dude let’s go dude toad isn’t breaking a sweat toad is chill under these high-pressure situations let’s go the floor is lava quite literally this time we’ve made anything how long wait a minute wait a minute wait a skew I see I see they try and get me don’t try and give me with those I feel you I feel you oh let’s go stop thank you stop dude Tory’s stopped bullets tojust legitimately stopped bullets can we talk about that the matrix palmitate there we go there we go what happens if like another life wait can I like back up the cannon if I just keep on pausing bullet bills in time first the bullet bills must build up speed for 12 hours what I’m doing is actually a trick called bullet stacking I must prepare about 20 bullet bills on top of each other then I release them all at once and it actually lets me skip like a few levels alright let’s see what happens okay nothing eventful feels bad man there we go wait yeah there we go okay perfect and I probably can’t just jump down together okay sounds good close wait a minute so I don’t believe I can break that using conventional means stop this wait hold on a minute when I no no no I probably don’t rotate that as well I was gonna say if I were if I rotate what’s up there does this sort eat everything no he just rotates those two okay so I spin it over here doesn’t seem like there’s any secrets or this one all right nothing really over there I have to go over here that’s okay wait you’re like land on this block for me wait what I died I thought I didn’t take damage when I take damage I probably just dumb eleventh day oh no worries I’ve already gotten that strawberry but diamond up there never mind I have not gotten this part though okay that’s okay we can spin this real fast luckily this part is not tough I’m just towed don’t put it down toad toad walk away from it toad I’m just trying to – walk away from me it’s okay buddy do not mean to pause that I mean I did yep oh that’s right yeah I remember I remember that I’ve never get hit there okay now toad run over here rotate this guy wait till the bullets clear this jump down freeze those guys in place okay rotate you we what I’ll like what this is hold on do I have to aim it like this yo that’s actually pretty cool that’s actually pretty cool I like that new me listen Newt Newt please don’t no lights wanted all right okay stop why do I pause them both at once why are they one unit of thought where is where is where I’m I hate this I didn’t even see it I didn’t even see it I’m finished number Real Talk where am I supposed to go it’s always a star like over here stars probably like over there okay stop toad please let go alright now we’re not going to die to random things not gonna get hit by random things anymore like we’re gonna speed around this entire area so in Chapter Oh play fortnight last time I played for night on my life on my YouTube livestream I have never received so much hate at once i streamed for tonight and everyone in chat collectively decided I no longer deserved the basic human rights I’m not there not there not there well I actually don’t need to do this I don’t think about it it’s already done this part uh right I understand move the staircase gotcha okay good run across that every gal and start yeah I mean this is probably gonna be seeping hot that was just in lava toads probably gonna burn his feet shoes whatever those off alright so real talk we already talked about how like is this a hat or a head or not cuz you know there’s a big discussion on if totes mushroom part is a hat or a head or his shoes feet are they look these little jelly bean things are these feet are they are they are they shoes because like how does he get his pants on when his feet are that big it’s these kinds of questions that I really want to investigate it when it you know with this with this live stream channel I have screams into the microphone let’s do one more level let’s do one more level that’s all I think I get my sanity can hold up on the king of oh my god it’s a dragon so whatever you do don’t make any loud noises or sudden motions to alert the dragon to our presence yeah sure told what have you done Oh God okay okay so can I just freeze him forever I apparently cannot if Ike toad is gonna die of like poison or something – whatever he’s – spin now all right sounds good I can dodge this I can dodge this I can dodge this Loras is one of my mods I don’t like that view I’ve done I’ve done to myself okay there we go so please climb out in a hurry you’re of a hurry you’d think further dragon he’d be shooting out something more I don’t know fiery I mean to each their own I can’t spit fire nor can I spit Geist if he’s like weird pink clouds I shouldn’t be wanting to talk quite frankly alright alright there goes to his life never mind we’re good we’re good for now presently we’re good if we’re losing our good we are losing our good the I left three coins behind it’s a tip for letting me beat this guy dragons collect coins I feel rude stealing ones that’s our air we go now we’re doing good nice clean walk up there was this what is this hello can I help you I see I see have to go over this way understood dad no guys what was that whoa how did that how did the mario underground song go again oh here we go oh here we go oh here we go The Great Escape toad style so get it go get it toad run oh god we’ve killed him we’ve killed the dragon he didn’t deserve that so that’s rude yes we have done it I love it or just randomly applauds yes we have killed him we have killed the great beast guardian McCabe slain is he all do kind of jump on his eye oh let’s go this went on I just pluck his eyeball out you need more rage Sasuke alright I’ll do it I like his eyeliner though I appreciate the work he does to a good to look fabulous I appreciate that eyeliner work is all I’m saying the king of pyro puffs peak what it would’ve been better if I was just a giant Jigglypuff modeled on to him is that Toru oh God and here we have the toad nature’s natural predator screaming to assert dominance he screams into the wild for none can hear him everyone has left him long ago to fend for himself anyway that’s all for the toad segment there’s no real and punchline outside of that wait hold on a minute hey mine don’t dump it dump it dump skin looks really good I’m just gonna say though like this looks really good what is this oh dude one token just chill [Music] never are we addy dude toad pouted for a second I don’t want to see toad ever pout like some anime girl I’m sorry look toad this is the images I don’t need in my head so there’s it was there like a okay there wasn’t a cutscene for that interesting you know oh cool the next episode opens up with a fail boat literally a fit a failed boat opens up this next episode look at that my brethren alright well that’ll be the end for captain toad my voice does not want to continue this episode right now thank you all for watching the chosen segment Kevin we’re gonna be back in three to five minutes with some splatoon 2 for the Nintendo switch yeah see you guys in three to five minutes oh my god what was this segment

    NASA 360 Live: Total Solar Eclipse – Charleston, SC.
    Articles, Blog

    NASA 360 Live: Total Solar Eclipse – Charleston, SC.

    September 3, 2019


    – Hey, everybody.
    Molly McKinney here with “NASA 360.” We are so excited
    to be joining you today in this historic event,
    and we sw– as we watch
    the total solar eclipse of 2017 happen throughout
    the continental U.S. Sorry we hit you guys
    a little bit late. As you can see,
    we’re out in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, so cell towers are
    a little spotty out here, but hey, it’s a live program. We may have more
    unplanned excitement for you this afternoon,
    but we are so happy to be here. Thanks for joining us. “NASA 360” is actually
    streaming this event from three different
    locations today. We’re trying to give you all the absolute best
    vantage points that we can from the land, sea,
    and air today. As you can see,
    we’re on a Coast Guard boat just outside of Charleston,
    South Carolina. We’re about 5 miles out at sea, and we also have crew members
    from “NASA 360” at the historic Fort Moultrie. They’re gonna actually show you
    a really cool telescope vantage point
    of the eclipse this afternoon, and we also have our team
    with “NASA 360” in the Great Smoky Mountains
    in Tennessee, so if you want to
    check out that feed, you can at
    NASA.gov/eclipselive. As you can see, this is
    a beautiful view out here. It’s so nice to be
    out on the water. No matter where you are,
    we’re gonna make sure that we bring you the best
    coverage of this eclipse. If you’ve been
    following the eclipse, you know that this is
    the first total solar eclipse that’s happening across the
    continental U.S. in 38 years, which makes it really exciting, but even better,
    anybody in the U.S. can at least experience
    a partial solar eclipse today, and we’re gonna give you some really cool vantage points
    to do that. So in just a second,
    I’m gonna show you a little bit around
    the Coast Guard boat and tell you about the project that we’re working on
    here today with the College of Charleston.
    So let’s take a little walk, and I’ll kind of give you
    a quick tour of where we are this afternoon. Hopefully you all
    don’t get too seasick. Our poor cameraman’s
    having to walk backwards while he tests that. So this is the back
    of the Coast Guard boat that you can see. If you look up there, you can
    see some of the equipment that we’re using
    for our launch today. The total solar eclipse
    that’s taking place today will start in Oregon, and it will come all the way
    across the U.S., ending here in South Carolina. The partial eclipse
    is gonna start about 1:17 p.m., so we’re about
    15 minutes out from that, and then we’re going
    to experience, hopefully, the total solar eclipse at 2:47 p.m.
    So let me walk you back here. Let’s hope our camera guy
    doesn’t go overboard. I’ll catch you, Jim, if you do. I don’t know what jackpot I hit
    to actually be able to watch the eclipse
    out here on the ocean. Charleston’s the last city that the eclipse will be
    coming to in the U.S., and we’re the lucky folks
    that actually get to see the last little bit of it
    as it leaves U.S. waters. So this is the team that I want
    to introduce you guys to. This is
    the College of Charleston that we’re working
    with out here, and this project–
    I love this project. It is so cool.
    They’ve been working on this for over a year,
    and what they’re doing is they’re launching
    a weather balloon up into the stratosphere, and they’re gonna monitor
    the solar eclipse from 100,000 feet
    up in the air. They’re one of
    I think 55 balloons. Isn’t that right?
    55 balloons that are launching
    across the country today in honor of the solar eclipse, and so scientists’ll be able
    to use all of that data from all of these
    different intersects to actually study this eclipse and see what’s happening
    here on Earth. So in just a second we’re actually going
    to launch this balloon, which means that we have
    to call the FAA and get clearance
    for the airspace, so Cass is gonna do that
    in just one second for us, and we’ll just let you
    guys follow the action. If you’re just now joining us,
    this is “NASA 360.” We’re coming to you live
    from a Coast Guard boat just 5 miles outside of Charleston, South Carolina. – This is the Charleston team.
    – Perfect. – We’re calling for our launch
    window, please. – And this is Cass,
    who’s calling the FAA. – The sky is clear
    from 1:30 to 1:40. – 1:30 to 1:40?
    Thank you very much. – 1:30 to 1:40.
    You’re welcome. – Charleston window out. – Yay, we got clearance. – Whoo!
    – It’s gonna happen. With live programming
    you never know. There’s only so much
    we can control. Weather’s one of them. Big celestial objects
    passing in front of each other is unfortunately another one
    we can’t control, but– – And these clouds. – And clouds, you know,
    it is what it is. So Cass, why don’t you
    tell me your title and kind of your involvement
    in this project. – Oh, gosh, title? I’m the director of the South
    Carolina Space Grant program, and I’m an associate professor at the College
    of Charleston in geology. What we’re doing here is
    we’re launching this balloon, of course,
    one of the 55 balloons. – Which makes it sound really
    easy, and I’m sure it’s not. You’ve been working on this
    for over a year. – Yeah, almost 18 months
    for our team. – I’m cutting you short.
    Almost two years you’ve been working–
    [both laugh] – Two years,
    and it’s been a great, great experience
    for these guys. They’ve learned teamwork
    and communication, troubleshooting, real-time fixing things
    on the fly just like we’ve been doing
    today since we got out here. – We have too.
    – Yes. – So give me an overview
    of the weather balloon process and what you’re about to do
    as you get ready to launch. – So we are turning on
    the payloads right now, the video camera,
    the still camera, the virtual reality camera
    that will give us 360 view once we get up there, and making sure the
    parachute is connected to everything as well
    as the cutaway, ’cause once we get up
    to a certain altitude, the–a razor blade in there will cut away based on a signal
    from a cell phone. – Really?
    – Yeah, once it gets up, hopefully to 100,000 feet.
    We’ll see how it goes. The predictions today said it go a little
    higher than 100,000. – We would love if it would go
    higher than 100,000 feet. So with the cloud cover
    that we’re experiencing in Charleston today,
    do you think that’ll be okay once it gets above
    a certain altitude? – I think these are up
    about 20,000 feet or so. – Oh, so we’ll be fine.
    We’ll be golden. – And there’s blue sky coming,
    it looks like, so we’re– – That’s wonderful.
    So help me understand. There’s a video tam–camera that’s attached
    to the weather balloon. We’re gonna launch
    the weather balloon, and then as it ascends, we’ll be getting
    footage of this and streaming that to our team
    that’s on Fort Moultrie? – Correct.
    The video footage will be coming down
    to the boat, and then we’ll stream it
    directly to Fort Moultrie. – And what are you all hoping
    to learn from this footage that you capture? – Well, we want to see what
    the atmosphere looks like. More than anything,
    we want to see the shadow of the eclipse
    as it crosses the continent to offshore South Carolina
    before it appears. – I mean, I’d understand
    if you were like, “We just want a really cool
    view of the eclipse.” – Yeah, well,
    the other thing is we want to see
    the curvature of the Earth ’cause I hear there’s people that still think
    the Earth is flat. – Yeah, we’ve heard
    a couple of those. – Even the Coast Guard’s saying
    they hear that a lot. – Really?
    – So we’ll be able to show the curvature of the Earth, that we have not fallen
    off the edge out here even though we’re offshore. – Yeah, we’re high risk out
    here in the Atlantic. – Put our wings on. Let’s see,
    the blackness of space, and hopefully the cameras
    will be able to pick up the planets
    or a few stars. – Wow, even be–
    just from being that high? Or even down here on Earth, on the ground
    we’ll be able to see that? – Yes, people that don’t have
    cloud cover should certainly be able to see it. Hopefully they’ll
    move away for us. It looks like they’re
    moving though, which is good. – And real quick,
    we have, obviously, multiple reasons out here
    to be looking up, but talk a little bit
    about eyeglass safety today ’cause we’ve heard
    many people say that they plan to watch
    with sunglasses, and despite me having them on, I’m not going to watch
    with sunglasses. – So I’ll demonstrate
    right now with my sunglasses ’cause I don’t have
    the eclipse glasses, but please use
    your eclipse glasses. – Approved level of safety.
    – Look down– approved, yes.
    Look down. Put them on,
    and then watch the eclipse, and then when you go
    to take them off, don’t look at the Sun.
    Look down to take them off. – Okay.
    That’s good advice. We obviously want people to be
    able to experience this eclipse and many more to come
    in the future, and you can’t do that
    if you harm your eyesight. – That’s true.
    – So walk me through the process
    of what they’re doing right now to get everything
    ready for launch. – So right now they are
    turning the equipment on and making sure
    everything is attached. We don’t want to lose anything
    as we let it go from the boat. – Yeah, that
    would be unfortunate. – Cindy’s holding the balloon
    right there, and we’re about ready
    to connect the nozzle and inflate the balloon. – What do you use to inflate
    the balloon with? – This is helium tanks
    right here. We’ve got–
    – Good Lord. How much does the thing weigh? – I think one tank weighs
    about 200 pounds. – It’s, like, the size
    of a student. – It took a couple
    of the coasties to bring it on for us today,
    to get it over the gangplank. – You know it’s heavy when
    it takes a couple of coasties. – Yeah. All right. – Okay, so now
    what’s happening? – So they are making sure that the balloon is
    securely attached. We’re g–bouncing
    all over here. – We’re really on a boat.
    We’re moving back and forth. – We’re rocking back and forth. They’ve got the duct tape to securely hold
    the balloon to the nozzle. We’ll add some zip ties
    and some more duct tape because we really
    don’t want it to get away until it’s fully inflated and we’re sure that
    all of the payload is secure. – So does it inflate
    and you just let it go, and it does its thing,
    or what happens? – All right,
    cat’s coming in the bag. – It’s gonna be about
    10 feet in diameter, maybe a little bit larger
    before we let it go so that it will have enough
    lift to take the payload up. Our payload is about 12 pounds. Actually, it’s less
    than 12 pounds. I think it’s coming in
    at 10 pounds today. – Wow. What time are we at now?
    Do you know? – Honestly, I don’t know
    what time are w– – It is 1:19.
    – 1:19, all right. – And our launch window
    is 1:35? – 1:35-ish. – Okay, perfect.
    – What are we looking for? – Well, we may let you guys
    finish getting ready. We’re about five minutes
    from our launch sequence here, I guess, and so we’ll go ahead and talk to the Coast Guard
    real quick and see–understand
    a little bit more about their involvement. I’m gonna move this tripod
    out of the way real quick… And I’ll take you
    back this way. We’re here now with Clayton. Clayton, tell us
    a little bit about the U.S. Coast Guard’s role in the eclipse.
    I have to be honest. I don’t–you guys aren’t the
    first ones that come to mind when I heard about
    the solar eclipse happening. – Well, we’re in Charleston,
    which is a great city and a great city
    for getting out on a boat, and there’s gonna be
    a surge in traffic as far as people coming out
    to watch the eclipse, so I mean, it’s a once
    in a lifetime event, but the Coast Guard’s just
    really trying to urge safety because it’s gonna
    get really dark, and we want you
    to use your lights. We want you to have
    your life jackets on. Safety is key, so while you’re
    enjoying this, just be safe. – What are some of the things
    you all do in terms of crowd control? I mean, I think about
    a lot of people on land and on the beaches, but I forget that people
    would come out to the ocean to actually watch
    these events happen and be on lakes and all this. – Yeah, absolutely. Well, the Coast Guard works
    with partner agencies such as CBP
    and local authorities, clearly the sheriff’s
    department and such, and we’re out here. You can see we have several
    boats out on the water today, and we’re–you know, we’re just out ready to respond
    if anything happens. That’s why these–that’s what
    these guys are trained for. While we’re not doing
    search and rescue and watching eclipses, then we get to launch balloons
    and do cool stuff like this, so it’s kind of
    a unique opportunity to work with the college, and work with NASA, and it’s–this is what
    the Coast Guard loves to do when we’re not rescuing people. – You know, when you’re
    not busy doing other things that are equally as important. – Right. So, you know, the Coast Guard’s
    really into STEM, advanced education,
    things like that, so any time that
    we’re given an opportunity to do stuff like this,
    we’ll jump all over it. – I love that.
    Do–is weather balloons something–a technology
    that you all are familiar with? Is this outside of
    your all’s comfort zone, or is this, you know– – We–so we don’t use weather
    ball–the Coast Guard doesn’t use weather balloons. That’s–we look to
    the specialists at NASA to manage that type of stuff. – And we’re happy to come. – We did used to use
    carrier pigeons to–for search and rescue, but that didn’t last
    very long, yeah. – I mean, we’re pretty far out. We may have to switch
    to carrier pigeons at some point today.
    It’s hard out here. – We hope you guys
    keep the feed going, the skies clear
    up a little bit, and we’re able
    to see the eclipse, and it should be
    a good event. – Well, are you excited
    about the eclipse? I mean, this is
    a pretty good gig to be out here today with us. – Yeah, this is–
    this is fantastic. It’s a fantastic opportunity. I think it was 1991,
    when I was a kid, I remember seeing
    a partial eclipse, and that was really cool,
    and I didn’t think I would, you know,
    live to see another one or thought another one
    was coming around. I thought it was only
    every 100 years or so, and so it’s really cool. It’s kind of
    a special day to– got a lot of stuff going on,
    but we’ll manage it. – Do you remember much about
    the partial eclipse that you saw back then? I’m curious if it’ll be a similar experience
    for you today. – I don’t–
    I vaguely remember it. I just remember
    it got dark and eerie, and I knew it was supposed
    to be bright, daytime, Arizona day, and it was very strange, so… I’m–maybe I’ll have
    a flashback or something and relive those moments. – How are we doing on time?
    – Let’s see, what time is it? – 1:35 is our launch window.
    – One twenty–1:25, so we should be starting here
    in about 12 minutes. – All right, perfect.
    So that means it takes about 12 minutes for them to get this balloon
    ready to launch, so we’re gonna head on back
    and see how they’re coming as they put the finishing
    touches on this balloon. For those of you
    who are just joining us, we’re with “NASA 360.” Thank you for being with us. It’s such a huge honor
    to cover this event. From the bottom of my heart, I am so grateful
    for this opportunity, and I even get
    to be out on a boat just outside of Charleston,
    South Carolina. I mean, I really feel like
    I hit the jackpot today, so I’m gonna help
    our camera guy ’cause he’s doing
    all of this live. He deserves an award
    at the end of this. And so for anyone
    that’s just joining us, we’re actually about to launch a weather balloon
    from this boat. We just got clearance
    from the FAA that our airspace is cleared. We’re good to go there, so the team from
    College of Charleston is busy getting this weather
    balloon–take a look at this. This is…
    ? Awesome ? This looks a little different
    than when I was last here. Take a look at that. So this weather balloon
    is going to be sent up 100,000 feet above us. It has a video camera on it, and so we’re gonna actually
    get to see that video feed, which is gonna be downlinked to our Fort Moultrie
    “NASA 360” team, and that’s one of
    the vantage points that we’re gonna livestream
    this eclipse for you guys. So we’ll have this
    weather balloon which is 100,000 feet
    in the air. I think the cloud cover,
    we said earlier, is, like, 30,000 to 40,000, so we’re gonna be well above
    the clouds here in Charleston. I saw a little test yesterday of what this footage
    is gonna look like, and it is so cool up there. It almost looks like
    you’re already in space. The sky’s dark up there, and it’s before the eclipse
    has even begun, so… We’re gonna have that for you, and Fort Moultrie will also
    have a telescope on the ground, and then I’m out here
    on the Atlantic Ocean, so we’re giving you land, sea,
    and air vantage points today so you can take a look
    at the eclipse. I’m gonna head over here and see if we can talk
    to the team leads here. Their titles are, like, Balloon Specialist
    and Balloon Expert. I love those titles.
    They’re so good. Can I talk to one of you guys
    as you set up? I know you’re busy.
    – No problem. – Is this a good spot? So kind of walk me
    through everything that you’re having to get done and get last-minute tweaked on
    to get ready to launch. – Sure. I’ll take you right
    across the string here. So right here we have
    our what we call the aqua jack. It’s an APRS beacon designed
    to float when it hits the water so that we can find out
    where this balloon– where it inevitably
    hits the water. As you notice, we’ve used
    a lot of pelican boxes here. The reason for that is
    everything’s waterproof ’cause it’s gonna land
    in the water. – So that’s one of
    the questions I had, actually, is how it comes down. You’re gonna send it
    100,000 feet up into the air…
    – Yes, ma’am. – And it’s gonna record
    for how long? – Until the batteries die,
    so hopefully about four hours. – That’s a real good answer
    to that question. Did you hear that?
    – Yes, ma’am. – About four hours?
    – Oh, yes, and so to get this thing
    down safely and in one piece so we can retrieve
    the information, we have–here’s our Iridium
    tracking system. That utilizes the Iridium
    Satellite Network to send a small message from
    there to our cutdown system, which is basically
    a pizza cutter, and it’ll actually play the Imperial Death March
    from “Star Wars,” and it’ll cut, cut, cut, cut
    until we tell it not to. – Are you serious?
    – I’m 100% serious. – That’s amazing.
    Whose idea was that? That’s so funny. – You can thank the smart folks
    at Montana State University for some of their brilliance ’cause we’re here showing off
    some of their work today. – I love that.
    That’s great. So this is filling
    with helium now, right? – Yes, ma’am. We’ve got
    two helium tanks right here. We have our primary tank
    and our backup tank. We’re putting 2,700
    pounds of helium into this 2,000-gram balloon, hopefully achieve about
    13 pounds of lift. Our payload’s 10 pounds, so it gives about– us 2 pounds of duct tape
    and zip ties to get the thing
    all finished up, but I think
    it shouldn’t be a problem. – What are your expectations
    for today? – Thrilling.
    [chuckles] For me, as–
    I’m majoring in geology. Just the eclipse alone
    is the treat, and the fact that I get to do
    all this great science which is
    right next to my heart, right next geology is really, really, really–
    well, I’m flabbergasted. I can’t even say
    how excited I am. This is–I’ve been training for almost two years
    for this moment, and I’m about
    five minutes away, so it’s like Christmas
    morning on crack. – How will you gauge
    your success? I’m in the worst possible place
    I could be standing right now. You could have told me
    just to move. – Oh, no, you’re fine. Could you repeat the question? – I was just curious,
    how will you gauge whether it’s a success or not?
    – Okay. – I mean, you–it’s basically
    almost two years of work that’s boiling down
    to one moment today. – Right. Well, I think
    the success is the total effort that’s been placed
    into this project across that year and a half. This is–this is the result
    of all of that hard work. All the chips have been cashed,
    so to say, and so I think all these folks have a lot
    to be proud of already, and us capturing the eclipse,
    that’s just the treat. – How did you first hear
    about this project and decide, “Yeah,
    I want to be involved in that?” – My teacher, Cass, she wrote
    me into NASA a long time ago, and I’ve always
    been excited about it, and she came along one day,
    said, “Hey, think about filling up
    some balloons for an eclipse?” and I absolutely jumped
    at the opportunity ’cause I know Cass only
    gets into good stuff. She’s had a long career
    with NASA, so she’s a real smart gal, and I haven’t
    looked back since. – Can you kind of walk me
    through the ascent process and what you’re
    gonna be collecting, how–the technical side
    of how all that works, what you’re gonna be doing down
    here on the ground as it does? – Okay, so what’s
    gonna happen here is we’re filling this balloon. We have approximately another
    1,000 pounds of helium to go, and then this will have
    a very specific sequence in which we let the balloon go
    and tie it off. All of our instruments
    are on and running right now. – That’s a good sign. – Talked to my buddies
    at Fort Moultrie, and they can confirm that
    all this stuff is working ’cause they can view it
    just through the Internet, so we’re totally disconnected, but they are still pretty much
    on the boat with us now. – And what’s that team in Fort
    Moultrie doing for you guys? – They will be recording
    our still images, so we have one payload here, which is a–which we will
    record the video locally here– – [inaudible].
    – Yeah, about–about 1,000. We’re almost there.
    As well as– – You’re checking to make sure
    it’s full all the way? – Of course.
    Yeah, we want to make sure we get enough lift
    in this balloon. We don’t want
    to have a sinker. So– – Nobody wants a sinker. – Nobody wants a sinker,
    and nobody wants a stinker. And then this video, the–so
    the folks at the Fort Moultrie will be getting
    these still images from that payload over there. It utilizes a ground plane
    to send a radio signal at the 900 megahertz range, and the thing we have over here is gonna be sending
    down to the ship. It’ll be coming down
    through our parabolic dish we have back there,
    into our laptop, and streaming out to the world. – What do you hope to learn
    from the data that’s being transmitted
    to Fort Moultrie from the balloon once it’s up? – I’m pretty excited
    to see a round Earth. You know, a lot of people
    still aren’t– aren’t too keen
    on admitting that, but hopefully we can
    throw another ticket in the hat of proof there. Initially we’ll be able to see
    the shadow of the eclipse– or shadow of the Moon, rather,
    coming across the Earth, and by combinating all of
    our data with the 54 teams, we’ll be able to extrapolate
    the speed of that shadow. – Why–there are over
    55 balloons that are being launched over the course
    of the country today. Why did you all choose
    to launch over the ocean, over the water
    instead of over land? – Because we just wanted
    to make it as hard as possible on ourselves,
    to tell you the truth. – I thought you were gonna say
    ’cause it’s cool. – The honest answer
    is we wanted to be the most
    distant end member, so there’s folks out
    in Washington that are catching the initial,
    and we’re catching the final, and to really catch the final, this ex–this eclipse
    will extend out past land into the ocean, and so we’re getting
    that final, final little data point
    for our folks. – What are some
    of the challenges that you’ve run into launching from a Coast Guard vessel in the middle of
    the Atlantic Ocean? – One is a rock–
    a constant rocking boat. The next is dealing with
    a whole bunch of technology that doesn’t want to get wet, and yeah, we are two seconds
    to go time here. We’re–almost got
    all of our air in, so we’re about ready
    to begin our launch sequence. – I’ll get out of your
    all’s way. Go for it, yeah. – Yeah, 500 PSI to finish. – For those of you who are just
    joining us here at “NASA 360–” – Oh!
    – Just shut it off. – Oh, no. Well, that’s that.
    That’s why we got two tanks. What happened?
    – Huh? It wasn’t taped good,
    I don’t think. It just came off.
    – Okay. – That’s why we bring
    the backup tank. – [laughing] Well–yay,
    you brought a backup tank and a backup balloon, I assume? – More tape. – All right, we’re gonna
    try this again. Why can’t you touch it?
    – The oils’ll– – You got the oils
    on your hands. – The oils on your hands-
    – Degrade the balloon. – Will degrade the balloon,
    all right. Well, we tried just now
    to launch that first one. [indistinct chatter] [laughs]
    It’s all right. It was all live.
    Everyone saw it. It’s good. Hey, if this isn’t realistic
    to real-world science, I don’t know what else is. – [inaudible]
    and take it flying away. – That’s true. What’s key
    is that you actually had backups, you know?
    So– – All right, the name
    of the game is gripping. – [chuckles] – Well, I thought–
    – I had it as good as I could. Well, it’s all right.
    Stuff happens. – So we’re gonna try this again
    with the balloon launch. For those of you who are
    just now joining us, we are about 5 miles out at sea
    in Charleston, South Carolina, and this is a weather balloon that we’re basically
    launching right now. We tried to just launch one, and our duct tape
    wasn’t sealed all the way, so one launched already
    without the camera, which wasn’t
    our ideal situation, but hey, this stuff happens. This is all part of the game, and so we’re launching
    this weather balloon. We have a video camera
    that’s gonna be attached to it, and so as this weather balloon launches up
    100,000 feet above us, we’ll be able
    to send that signal over to our team
    who’s in Fort Moultrie, and they’re gonna be able
    to livestream that feed to you, so you can watch
    the eclipse from about 100,000 feet up in the air. We’ll also have a telescope
    on the ground in Fort Moultrie, so you can see from
    the ground, from the air, and from us
    right here on the sea. [indistinct chatter] – What do I do with this? – So have–just have
    somebody have a hand over the chicken neck
    ready to pinch just in case
    that happens again. This one’s for all the marbles. [clanking] – It’s got a lot of lift too, so I need someone
    to stay and balance it. – Yeah, yeah,
    I’ll stay underneath it. – The students here are from
    the College of Charleston. They received a grant
    from NASA Space Grant to work on this
    balloon project, and they’ve been at it
    for over a year, so everything really
    does come down to this moment for these guys. There’s a lot of emotions
    attached to this project being a success for them ’cause they’ve spent
    so much time working on it, and so it’s really
    important now for Cindy to keep hold of that base
    of that balloon so as we fill it… – Is everybody ready?
    – Yup. – With gas here, it works. [hissing] – Yeah, I got this. – You can hear the gas
    going in now. Get my mic closer
    so you can hear it. [hissing] – I don’t know why it came out.
    [inaudible] [muffled chatter] – The other tricky thing here
    is we placed a call into the FAA,
    and we’re cleared for airspace, but that only went
    until 40 after, so we’ve got to get this
    balloon filled, up in the air, and safely launched
    in that window of time before we lose our airspace. So let’s hope that Sam
    and Robert and Cass and Cindy and the team here can get it–
    kind of get it going. – No soap?
    – It’s an air issue. – For anybody joining us
    right now, this is the first
    solar eclipse that’s been in the continental U.S.
    in 38 years, so today’s really special
    for all of us. What makes this
    even more special is that anyone
    in the continental U.S. will be able to see at least
    a partial eclipse today, so this is really a national
    event for our country and for the world
    with livestreams like ours so everybody can watch
    no matter where you are, whether you’re one of the lucky
    folks that are in the U.S. that can see
    the eclipse in person or you’re watching
    with us online. We’ll be sure to give you
    as many cool vantage points as we possibly can. There’s a lot riding
    on these team members right now as they fill
    this weather balloon. They unfortunately had one
    already launch a little early, before we had the video camera and the rest of
    the equipment set up, so we’re really hopeful
    that this one can get filled and we can have
    a successful launch here on the U.S. Coast Guard ship about 5 miles out from
    Charleston, South Carolina. I can’t even imagine
    how these teams feel. I’m nervous for them, and I just came into
    this project about a week ago. They’ve been working on this,
    I think some of them, for almost 18 months,
    so it’s a big deal for this to go off
    without a hitch for them, and hopefully they can get
    some great usable data, and we can learn more
    about this eclipse. The last eclipse that came
    through 38 years ago, we learned a lot from that one, and we’re hoping that with
    the technological advancements that we’ve had since then
    that we’ll be able to learn even more this time around. So we’ll see. [chuckles] This one’s looking
    more promising. As we wait for
    this balloon to fill, obviously if you’ve been
    following the eclipse, everybody seems to be
    harping on this, but it’s worth harping
    on one more time. As much as we all want you to enjoy and experience
    this eclipse as it happens today, eye safety is really
    important today. There are these approved safety
    glasses that you can get. There’s some that
    are cardboard. There’s some that–mine look
    a little cooler than those– that you can use, but we’ve had so many
    people approach us saying that they plan
    to wear sunglasses to watch the eclipse today,
    and we can’t stress enough that that’s not
    the safe way to go. You really need to have
    approved eyeglasses, and just as it is for your eye, the lens on your phone
    and in your camera, it’s not healthy for the lens
    to look at the Sun directly, so they have actual filters that you can get to put
    on the camera lens, and if the Sun
    comes out a little bit, we might try that
    in a few minutes so you can see
    with our camera while we’re live
    what that looks like as we– that will happen
    after this balloon hopefully successfully
    launches, so. Take a look here, and you can
    see we’re getting close. For anybody just joining us,
    this is “NASA 360” outside of Charleston,
    South Carolina. We also have teams today
    in Fort Moultrie and in the
    Great Smoky Mountains filming the eclipse
    from atop a mountain, so you can check out
    that stream at NASA.gov/eclipselive
    and click on the Great Smoky Mountains. How are you looking, guys? How far away
    do you think you are? – Probably another,
    like, 15 minutes. – Not even.
    Maybe five. – Maybe five–five minutes? So what are you
    having to do now? What set you back when
    we lost the first balloon? – Well, basically, we have– we had about half as much
    helium in our second take, so now we’re using what’s
    leftover in the first tank to fill this up all the way, so that’s–that was really
    the only setback. – Okay, and time. – And time, and time,
    of course, and we’re actually dropping
    our still image payload just to make up for the weight that we don’t have
    on lift now, so. – And the still image payload
    was just kind of a nice-to-have thing anyway. The video is really what you’re
    hoping for with this one. – Exactly, yeah, and the–
    like I’ve always been saying, Window’s print screen takes
    a pretty good still image, so we can always grab
    those from the video. – That’s true. We have some
    good photographers around the country working on some still photos
    for this eclipse. – Yeah.
    – Are you disappointed that the first balloon
    was launched early, or is this just kind of part
    of–part of the deal? – We can only be
    so disappointed, you know? Mistakes happen.
    Things happen, but you just got to, you know, prep for such things,
    like we did, so hopefully everything
    will work out for us. – We’re all human,
    after all, right? – Yeah, exactly,
    we’re all human. – So for folks that are just
    joining us, if you can, I know your hands
    are truly busy right now, can you kind of walk me through
    what we’re about to see as it launches
    and as you all get ready? – So when we go to launch,
    we’re gonna set up in a line, and we’re gonna let through– let go of the payloads
    in stages. So the first
    is gonna be the parachute followed by our video payload and then–or followed
    by the Iridium tracker, then the video payload
    with the VR camera and then the ham radio tracker, and you’re just gonna kind of
    see us let them all go ’cause we’re just gonna– once it’s up,
    we’re just gonna let it go. We don’t want to hold
    any weight against it ’cause that could throw the
    balloon down into the water. – We don’t want that.
    – We don’t want that ’cause then it’ll pop earlier ’cause it’s gonna
    have water on it. – So the balloon will ascend
    100,000 feet up into the air, and then it’s gonna hang
    up there for how long roughly? – The latest prediction we did
    had us popping around 3:00, so if we launch at 1:30, that’s about, what,
    hour and 30 minutes, 2 hours?
    – Yeah. – Yeah, so that’s a good
    bit of time. – It is a good bit of time.
    – Yeah. – What are you hoping to see
    once you’re up there? – I just think it’s gonna be
    cool to get to see above the clouds, maybe get to see
    the curvature of the planet, but what we’re really
    aiming to capture is the shadow of the eclipse
    as it comes across Charleston. – And why is that of interest? – I don’t think it’s ever
    been recorded before, so I think this is a big deal.
    – Really? – I’m not positive
    on that though. I’m more–like I said,
    I’m the team technician, so I’ve just been– my head buried
    in computers the whole time. – Are you nervous about any of
    the technical details of the launch right now? – Not really. I’ve tested
    everything so many times. I’m very confident in the
    systems being able to work, so I’m feeling good about it. [indistinct chatter] – Is that
    your Fort Moultrie team that’s talking to you all
    from the walkies or– – That could just be
    some people just coming over the intercom.
    – Oh, okay. – ‘Cause it’s a ham radio.
    It could be anybody. – Has–have you all let
    the Fort Moultrie team know that you’re a little delayed
    in the launch, or how does that work
    between you all? – I don’t know. Well, they’re probably
    watching this right now, so they probably
    saw the balloon go, and I think Sam probably
    communicated with them. I’m not positive. It’s looking like we’re running
    out of helium early here. – For those of you guys just-
    -ooh, that sounded like it. For those of you who might
    just be joining us, I’m Molly here with “NASA 360,” and we’re streaming live
    from a Coast Guard boat about 5 miles out of the coast
    of Charleston, South Carolina. We also have team members
    on the ground in Fort Moultrie, at historic Fort Moultrie, and we’re gonna be launching
    this weather balloon in just a second. It’s a really cool project
    that the College of Charleston has been a part of
    for well over a year, and these students are going
    to launch this weather balloon about 100,000 feet
    up into the air. They have a camera that’s
    attached to the balloon, and they’re actually
    gonna be hopefully documenting
    the curvature of the Earth as well as the eclipse shadow as it passes over
    Charleston here. We…are very hopeful that they’ll be able to
    get this off the ground. This is kind of
    the moment of truth. This is where
    we had some issues in the first balloon, so tensions are
    a little high right now. Unfortunately,
    our service is a little poor out here on the boat since we’re in
    the middle of the ocean, so I’ll try and keep
    checking back as much as possible
    to see your questions. [indistinct chatter] – So they’re gonna use
    some zip ties and tape now… to seal off that balloon
    which now has gas in it. Oh, this wind
    makes me so nervous. I don’t want it to go
    before they’re ready. A whole year-plus of planning all comes down
    to this one moment. Let’s hope these guys
    can work well under pressure. In talking to Cass earlier, who’s the director
    on this project, she said this is really
    what these projects are all about for high school
    students and college students, getting the opportunity to work in real-world situations
    under pressure. You can clearly see
    they’re having to work as a team right now
    to pull all this together. This is really
    what it’s all about ’cause this is what’s difficult
    to teach in class in school. Looks like they’re really
    double checking the seal now, since they had some issues with the first one
    that they launched, but they seem optimistic that this one is gonna
    be a success, so… – I’m gonna get a little closer
    so you guys can hear. – All right.
    – [inaudible]. – So we’re just gonna go
    ahead and track– – Know what I mean?
    – Uh-huh. – What are we thinking?
    – I’m thinking– – Yeah, Chris follows the
    way we launch for tracking… – So I guess we just
    follow the tracker. – Yeah. I don’t know. – All right.
    – You want to tie–tape this? – Yeah, I just want
    to get a feel for how much lift we have here. – You ready?
    – Uh-huh. So everybody let go. I got it. Okay, all right, we got
    something to work with here. – Can you feel it?
    – Yeah. – What do you want? – I just want to feel the lift. – All right, folks.
    – Okay. – Let’s get this show
    on the road. – We got it?
    – Uh-huh. We need to tape this. [indistinct chatter] – Cass, can you walk me through
    what’s happening now? – We’re troubleshooting.
    We’re trying to figure out how much lift we actually have because just lifting this, it’s
    probably a pound and a half. – Okay. What does that mean?
    – So we’re– the balloon doesn’t have
    enough helium in it to take everything
    that we had planned up, so we’re trying to
    figure out what has to go. – What’s crucial
    and what’s not. – Yeah.
    – What all is in the payload? – This is the video camera
    in the waterproof box, and then the box behind you
    is the satellite tracker, the Iridium tracker. – So if we lose
    the satellite tracker, we can get the video feed, but we won’t be able
    to find where the… – Right, and we also have this
    very, very lightweight, very nimble but delicate…
    [laughing softly] Ham radio tracker here that has been tweaked,
    shall we say, so that it can float
    if it falls back to the ocean. – So what decision
    have you made? This is a tricky spot to be in. – I’m letting the kids make it. This is the student project.
    It’s–yup, it’s all about them, and they’re troubleshooting really well right now,
    actually, and talking together well. – And we–I was just saying
    we talked earlier, and you said this is really what these projects
    are all about. – Mm-hmm.
    – So students can experience real-world situations and learn from mistakes and– – Really. We’ve had
    a lot of successes, and we’ve had a lot
    of successful failures. This is definitely on the way
    to becoming a success. – One of my favorite
    NASA quotes is “Failure is not an option.
    It’s a requirement.” – This is true,
    and think of all the things that everyone’s learned
    through all of this, from 18 months ago to today. – And hopefully they’ll–
    they won’t make these same errors
    in the future, and so won’t be on somebody
    else’s dime if they do, and– – Had we launched and this
    happened six months ago, we’d be a nervous wreck,
    or Sam would be right now. – Yeah, he looks cool
    as a cucumber. – They’re calm. – Maybe it’s
    the camera on them, but they seem pretty darn calm
    about everything. How far away do you think
    we are from launching? – Seconds. Looks like as soon as
    they can confirm that they’ve got a tight– There’s a minimum distance that things need to be,
    a minimum of 4 to 6 feet. – Why is that? – Just so they don’t bobble
    around and that they can fly. – Want this tied off to here?
    This is the bottom? – And I love here
    ’cause we’re clearly working with the Coast Guard
    as we do this, which is pretty amazing. – This is Walter if you want
    to ask him a question. [both laugh]
    – [inaudible]. – He’s been teaching us knots. We’re definitely not coasties.
    [both laugh] [beeping]
    – All right, guys. – Ready?
    – Yeah, go ahead and stand up. All right, so we’re gonna do
    this a little different now since we got extra variables. So we’re gonna slowly lift up.
    – All right. – So if you let go.
    – I let go. – I let go?
    – Uh-huh. Let go. All right,
    we got some lift here. All right.
    Forward on the boat. Stand by. Wait, hold on, let me make sure
    everything is on. – It’s on. It’s on. It’s on.
    – Go, go, go, you got to go. Let’s go. It’s good.
    – All right. And out of your hand, Walter. – Rock on. – So they’re actually
    moving the balloon– the boat forward
    as we do this. – Whoo!
    – Yeah! – It’s floating.
    – Is it going up or down? – Oh, now it’s not.
    – Oh, no. – [laughs] – There must be a hole
    in the balloon. There’s got to be
    ’cause it’s deflating already. There’s got to be a hole
    in the balloon, unfortunately. – It should be
    lifting off, huh? – It should be lifting off.
    [laughing] – Well, at least
    we’re live on camera. – Sam, what do you think?
    – Should we try and pick this up…
    – I think we need more helium. – [chuckles]
    Do we have more helium? – Negative. So what happened was our first
    tank slipped away from us, and our secondary fill tank was not full,
    and this is– this is what we call
    in the business a great old mistake, so we’ll hunt the payload down, take some more stuff off, retrieve our balloon,
    and not give up. – Let’s re-catch it.
    – Okay. So we’re gonna go try
    and re-catch it, I guess, huh? – Oh, yeah, I think we’ll
    come right about– – Okay, so we are
    going to recover it. We’re gonna recover it
    and try to launch it. Again. – Time?
    What time is it? [indistinct chatter] – I’m going to
    [inaudible]. If you’re just now
    joining us, we’re catching this
    weather balloon back, and we’re going to try
    and re-launch it here, see if we can actually
    get it to ascend up. We’re having to work with
    whatever leftover helium that we had on the boat because the first balloon unfortunately left early, so we are troubleshooting live, and the guys are doing
    such a good job and thinking clearly
    during this moment and not rushing around, giving in to adrenaline. – KNXP dash 11?
    – Yup, that’s it. – All right, still coming in. – All right, so this thing
    just lost about a pound. – Do that.
    – Forget the jack. [indistinct chatter over radio] – Forget the jack. – Forget the jack? That’s
    the only way to track it. – This’ll float.
    – Oh, I see. – How far away do you think
    you guys are from trying to re-launch it? Seconds? Minutes? – [inaudible].
    – A minute? We’ll give it
    just one more minute, and then we’ll go ahead and toss to Scott and Jessie, who are over in Fort Moultrie. We’re gonna give these guys
    just one more minute to see if we can actually get
    this weather balloon up. – I’m just gonna
    cut the tail off, Cass. – Wait, wait.
    Sam, Sam, hold up. – You need to put this
    on the tail, all right? – I need to cut this.
    Sam, cut. – This?
    – Yeah. Thank you.
    – Uh-huh. – We had a premature
    balloon escape, so we are refilling
    a secondary balloon with ultra-light payload. – Sam said it best,
    a premature balloon escape is the situation that
    we’re dealing with here on U.S. Coast Guard ship
    about 5 miles out off the coast of Charleston,
    South Carolina, and I just heard a standby, so we are about
    to launch this balloon, and you can see
    that camera hanging there. All right, peace,
    weather balloon. This is successful.
    Hey, third time’s the charm. – Right?
    – Right? Good job, guys. That’s awesome.
    That’s good. Nice work. How does it feel
    to actually have– – Whoo! – Have been able
    to successfully launch it? – Well, it’s a bittersweet,
    but I must say, feels pretty good to see
    that balloon finally take off. – That’s a very nice sight
    to see, isn’t it? – With absolute minimum
    payload, minimum tracking device, but it’ll guarantee to get
    the eclipse at that rate, I’m for sure. – All right, so it’s climbing
    now to hopefully 100,000 feet? – Hopefully, yes, ma’am. – Yup, and we’ll–
    we’ll have video feed or no? What was have–what’d you have
    to sacrifice to get there? – We had to sacrifice
    one of our video loads and as well as one
    of our still image loads, but we still remain to keep
    our virtual reality camera. – The 360 camera, and we’ll
    have that video for you all in a couple days
    once it’s edited together, so that’ll still be
    a really cool vantage point to see the eclipse,
    and you’ll get to relive it like it was today,
    but it’ll be in a couple days. – Yeah, that’s right,
    I get to– yeah, get to relive it
    over and over again, yeah. Thank you. – Yeah, sorry for rubbing
    that in there. – Yeah, no problem.
    – It’s all good. Well, we’ll go ahead
    and toss to Fort Moultrie, where Scott and Jessie are. They have some NASA
    subject matter experts that are gonna
    tell you everything you can possibly know
    about the eclipse and what you can expect, and there might be
    a little bit of a delay, because clearly we’re out
    in the middle of the ocean, as we come down from
    this livestream link and they come back up,
    so just hang with us. It’ll be a couple seconds
    as we dip down. – Hey, everybody.
    Welcome to Fort Moultrie. I’m Jessie Wild.
    – And I am Scott Bednar. – And we are live
    in Charleston, South Carolina to watch
    the total solar eclipse. – Yes, we are excited
    to bring you this livestream from Fort–
    historic Fort Moultrie. It’s a national monument.
    It’s a national park, and we were lucky enough
    to be invited here to watch the eclipse today. – The partial eclipse
    has already started. We just got to peek
    through the telescope you’re gonna see
    a little bit later, and we’re about
    one hour from totality, so we’re getting
    very excited here. – Yes, we were really nervous that the clouds
    were gonna be just too much, but they just started to part,
    and we’ve already seen it… – Just for us.
    – So here we go. So let’s get this show
    on the road. – Sounds good.
    – All right, let’s do it. So we are here with
    the ground station team from the College of Charleston. They are already receiving data
    back from the balloon that you just saw launched over
    on the Coast Guard boat. I’m here with Carson.
    Carson, how you doing? – Hello, man. I’m great.
    How are you? – Good. So tell me
    a little bit about the data that you’re receiving back
    from the this balloon. – Yeah, absolutely. So this information
    that you’re seeing here is essentially what all
    the other statio– all the other teams are using
    to track their balloons, so every–
    about every 30 seconds it’s updating its location– latitude, longitude,
    and altitude– and when we get this
    new ping every time, we’re putting it into here. This is our program to control
    our ground–our ground station. So what happens,
    every time it pings, I’m gonna come in here
    and change it, and I’ll just show you
    for example. – Yeah.
    – So right now their latitude is 32.759. Let’s just pretend
    that it goes up to 95. I’m gonna come over here–
    I’m sorry, I hit the wrong one. I’m gonna come over here to
    manual control, so it’s 32.733. That’s where
    they are right now. – And that’s the altitude? – So this is latitude
    and longitude. – Okay, latitude.
    – Oh, got you, where they are. – So it’s essentially
    just saying where it is, like, on the planet, you know?
    – Okay. – So we’re gonna just pretend
    that they’re here now, and so we’re gonna
    come over here, and we’re gonna update it, and it’s gonna move
    around a little bit, and then we come in here, and we change
    the angle of elevation, so we’ll change it
    to 120 degrees, and it’s gonna
    go up like that, and I’m pretty much
    gonna do that every time it updates
    its location. – All right, so tell me, what
    is this antenna capturing then? – Oh, yeah, totally. So this antenna right here
    is essentially the thing that we use
    to receive the images that are on
    the cameras on there, so it comes through here. It gets essentially changed
    into a digital form, and it comes into our computer
    so we can see the image. Now, we’re still waiting for
    our team to put up the balloon, but everything is on right now,
    and once it’s up in the air, we’ll be able to get pictures
    and everything back, and then this antenna,
    it looks like a plate, but it is definitely
    an antenna. This is where the coordinate
    information is coming from, so it’s coming through here, and it’s come right back
    into our computer, and it’s coming on to here.
    It’s coming on to here. We’ve got all sorts of ways
    that we can track it, and another really cool thing is they’ve got an
    APRS beacon on it, so essentially,
    that’s the same thing that the Iridium
    network is doing, but it updates a little
    bit more often, and it’s a little
    bit more exact because it uses
    a ham radio band, and that’s how we’re
    communicating as well. We’ve got a ham radio here,
    and we’ve got–I don’t know if you can see my math here,
    but essentially– – Lots of mathematics.
    – Essentially, what I’m doing here
    is taking the coordinates and the elevation
    that the balloon is at and finding
    the vertical distance betw–or the
    horizontal distance, rather, between our ground station
    and the balloon and doing some math,
    some trigonometry here- – Some trig.
    – To find out what the angle of elevation is,
    and then once we get that, I just plug in all
    that math back into here, and it–and it changes
    its location and everything. – So question, when are you
    expecting your first images from this balloon?
    How high is it gonna be, do you think,
    when you get them? – Well, the–so the balloon
    is going up 100,000 feet, which is pretty high.
    – Yeah. – But I’m gonna be trying
    to take a picture every minute or so. There–it is about 6 miles
    away, 7 miles away right now, so it takes–there’s
    a little bit of lag time between when I ask
    for the picture and when it actually comes in,
    so you’ve got to give it a little bit of time
    for it to come in, and it comes in in chunks
    a well, so it’s not one whole picture. It comes in in little chunks
    about every second, and I can–it’s not–
    it’s not on right now, but we’re just waiting for them to turn on the payloads there,
    and we’ll start– – Well, we will definitely
    check back with you then in a little bit
    when you start getting images ’cause we definitely
    want to show these to everybody
    realtime, so… – For sure, for sure.
    – So thank you so much, Carson. – Yeah.
    – I appreciate it. I’m gonna let you get back
    to work and get back to your mathematics over here. – Cool, thank you.
    – So–all right, so Carson isn’t the only person
    from the College of Charleston here at the ground
    station team today. We also have Ashley Turner. She is over here
    at our eclipse outreach table. Ashley’s an eclipse
    outreach manager. Hey, Ashley,
    how you doing today? – Hey, I’m doing so good.
    How are you? – I’m doing wonderful,
    really excited for the eclipse. – I know, me to. – It’s already started,
    and we saw it. – Oh, I know, just a little
    bit–just enough. – We didn’t think
    we were gonna. – So tell me a little bit about what an eclipse
    outreach manager is. – Okay, so for huge events and
    celestial phenomenon like this, it is so important
    to do outreach and to educate the public about what’s going on
    so nobody freaks out too much, and you get people excited, and you want to educate
    people on what we’re doing and what they’re gonna see, so we do some really cool
    activities with the public, and one of the things we’ve
    been doing is UV bracelets. I’ve got one on right now,
    so I’ve alternated– – Oh, that’s lovely.
    – Yeah. So I’ve alternated regular
    just blue beads, and then the clear ones
    are actually UV beads, so they have a special pigment
    that reacts with UV rays and changes color
    in direct sunlight, so it’s super, super cool, and then I have–
    on this little cardboard slip I also have some UV beads that I’ve sprayed
    a ton of sunscreen on, and you can see that
    they’re still clear, so they actually haven’t
    changed color at all, so they’re being
    protected by the UV. – By the SPF.
    – I know, isn’t that so cool? – It works.
    – Yeah. – So this can also tell kids,
    “If your beads are purple, do not look up at the Sun?” – Exactly. So you can look
    at your bracelet, and you know the Sun
    is shining. UV is full force. You got to
    take those precautionary steps to protect your eyes
    and your skin. – Awesome. So tell me a little
    bit about this balloon project. You guys have been working
    on this for almost two years. – Yeah.
    – What has this taken? – It’s been crazy.
    I would say one of the most important parts of
    this project is collaboration ’cause, as we’ve probably
    mentioned already, we have over 50 teams who have had to coordinate
    this entire experiment, essentially, nationwide. So collaboration’s
    been really important, and then practice,
    practice, practice. We’ve had eight launches,
    eight test launches. So yeah, we’ve just
    kind of had to get to know all of our equipment and, you know,
    prepare for the worst ’cause we were kind of
    expecting rain today, so we have taken
    all the measures to properly prepare
    for that kind of thing, yeah. – Well, Ashley, this must have
    been an amazing experience for you as a student. What kind of opportunity
    has this been? – It’s been so incredible. I think one of the biggest
    takeaways for me is– well, obviously just
    the experience itself, but I think it’s also
    been a great time to network with people, and I have met so many
    incredible people in so many different fields.
    – I bet. – It’s been insane, so yeah, it’s just been an awesome
    experience to put on my resume, and it’s gonna–I’m gonna
    carry this with me forever. – Indeed.
    As will I, actually. – Yeah. Right.
    – So thank you very much. – Yeah.
    – I am gonna come back in a little bit
    and make myself a bracelet. I need a fashionable accessory
    for my outfit. – I know. You’re welcome.
    – All right, so these balloons have been launched
    across the country, across the path of totality, I believe over 55 of them, and NASA Space Grant program
    has funded this, so to find out a little
    bit more about NASA spake– Space Grant program
    we are here with Tara Scozzaro. Hi, Tara.
    How are you doing today? – Hi, good, how are you? – All right, what is
    NASA Space Grant program? – So the Space Grant program
    started in 1988 all across the country. South Carolina became
    a Space Grant program in 1991, so we’ve been doing
    this type of stuff since ’91. We get money for fellowships
    and scholarships for students, research grants for faculty
    across the state. South Carolina Space Grant has
    15 colleges and universities that are part of our program,
    including the Virgin I– the University
    of the Virgin Islands, so faculty
    and students can apply to us for research awards,
    education awards, scholarships, fellowships, and we hold competitions
    every year and select students and faculty to go forward
    with their projects. – So this balloon project
    was one of these examples? – Yes, this was
    a special project. Montana Space Grant kind of
    got the idea to do this, so we’ve been working with them along with 53 other Space Grant balloon teams
    to put this together for– – Oh, wow, across
    the path of totality? – Across the path of totality. 32 states, I believe, are
    participating, 54 teams, so… – So at this point we’ve
    already started our totality, so all these balloons are already up
    in the air as we speak? – They’re up, right, yes.
    – Oh, my gosh. – I think our balloon may just have gotten
    all the way up, and– – It’s almost there?
    – Yeah, so. – That’s gonna be a record,
    isn’t it? – I bet it is.
    Yeah, it’s very cool. – I’m very excited.
    – So I also understand that it’s not
    just college students that can get involved but also high school students.
    Is that true? – Yes, so with this project
    we have two high school teams. We have Palmetto
    Scholars Academy. They are launching
    their balloon, or have launched their balloon now,
    in Monks Corner, and then we also have
    Stall High School, and they have launched
    their balloon outside of the–or inside
    of the Charleston River Dogs baseball stadium today.
    – So great. – And they’re also working with
    Puerto Rico Space Grant. – What an opportunity
    that must be for them. – So yeah, I think they’re
    having a great time. – What an experience.
    – Yeah. – Awesome. Well, Tara,
    I really appreciate it. It sounds like
    NASA Space Grant program is doing some pretty amazing
    things across this country. – It’s a great program.
    – So thank you very much for your work.
    – Thank you so much. – Cheers, enjoy the eclipse.
    – You too. – All right, folks,
    so we are– actually, Lincoln, Nebraska
    just experienced their total solar eclipse at 2:02.
    How exciting. We here in Charleston
    are just under one hour away from experiencing our eclipse,
    and we are incredibly excited. The air is thick with
    anticipation and humidity. It’s very, very hot. So earlier this week “NASA 360” was lucky enough to be invited to the Children’s Museum
    of the Lowcountry where we got to meet some
    really interesting people to talk about this eclipse. There was lots of children,
    and it was very, very noisy. They had hammers. Take a look
    and see what I mean. – [giggles] The Children’s Museum
    of the Lowcountry is ready for this eclipse, and they’ve even traveled
    in NASA scientists who we’re gonna talk to today to help kids
    understand the eclipse and everything that
    there is to expect, so let’s go check it out. [kids shouting] [upbeat music] Lora Bleacher is a solar system
    educator with NASA Goddard, and she’s the perfect person
    to get an overview of everything NASA’s doing here
    in Charleston, South Carolina to prepare for
    the big eclipse, so Lora, kids are here
    at the Children’s Museum. There are lots of folks
    that have traveled here to Charleston to experience
    this historic event. Why is it so historic? – Well, it’s an amazing
    opportunity for our entire country to observe a solar eclipse, either a partial eclipse or, if you’re lucky enough to
    be along the path of totality like we are here in Charleston, a total solar eclipse where the Moon will completely
    block out the Sun’s light for a couple of minutes
    depending on where you are. – That’s awesome. NASA’s known about
    this event for a long time. Some people are just
    finding out today. Some have known
    for a couple weeks. What’s everything
    that NASA’s been doing to prepare for this event? – Well, we’ve been trying
    as much as possible to get the word out
    through our website, eclipse2017.NASA.gov, also by interacting
    with the public at places like museums
    and schools and just really trying to help spread NASA’s people
    around the country and especially along
    the path of totality as much as possible so we can
    let people know what’s coming, help them prepare for it
    so they can view it safely, and help them so they
    can actually understand what they’re seeing ’cause we want everyone
    to walk away from this with a real appreciation
    for the eclipse and to be able to explore with
    us beyond the eclipse as well. – For young people
    in particular, maybe you have children, maybe you know children,
    what are some of the takeaways that are important
    for kids to understand about the science going on, everything that’s happening
    with our planet? – Yeah, so I mean, the eclipse
    is wonderful, right? ‘Cause we have this
    amazing opportunity to do some observing
    of the sky, but NASA’s doing observing
    all the time, you know? We’re constantly
    observing the Sun. We’re observing the Earth.
    We’re even observing our Moon, and those are things
    that people can continue to learn about
    and explore with us beyond the total solar eclipse. – So we have a good idea of what it’s gonna
    look like already? – We do, exactly. – Thanks so much.
    It’s so fun talking to you. – Well, you’re welcome.
    Well, thanks for having me, and I’m–I hope everyone
    gets to enjoy the eclipse. [music continues] – Here to tell us more
    about the Moon’s role in this solar eclipse
    is Jake Bleacher, who’s a planetary geologist. So tell me about the Moon
    and why it really needs to be given some credit in the
    solar eclipse this weekend? – Yeah, it’s a big part
    of the solar eclipse. So my name’s Jake Bleacher,
    as she said. I’m at Goddard Space
    Flight Center, and we study the Moon,
    among other things. We study everything at Goddard,
    but I’m a geologist, so one of the things I do
    is study planets and Moons, and so the Moon is a central
    player in the solar eclipse. So what we’re doing
    is basically a campaign to make sure that the public are able to enjoy
    viewing the eclipse but that they’re also
    doing it safely because if you don’t view
    the eclipse safely, you could do some damage
    to your eyes. – Okay.
    – And so here what we’re doing is working with the children
    here at this museum to teach them
    how to do it safely, so what I’ve been doing
    for a little while is helping kids make
    these small bracelets– – Besides making
    fashionable bracelets. – Right, fashionable,
    quite fashionable, but what we’re doing here is
    we have special beads on here that react with UV,
    ultraviolet radiation, and so we tell the kids, you know, you put sunscreen on
    when you go out in the Sun because the Sun
    can actually burn your skin and damage your skin. It can also damage your eyes,
    so during the eclipse, as the Moon is moving
    in front of the Sun, these beads will be receiving
    the UV radiation, and they actually grow–
    glow purple. So we have a light here that has UV radiation
    coming out of it. You can see that the beads
    have changed color, and so what we’re encouraging
    the children to do are make these
    and then wear these, and, well, if they
    have them outside, during the eclipse
    if the beads are purple, they know that there
    could be damage to their eyes or their skin. – Keep the glasses on.
    – So during that time they need to wear the glasses,
    but then the other key thing we’re trying to teach
    all the children is, you know, what you don’t want
    to do is look up at the Sun and then put the glasses on because at that point you’ve
    already looked at the Sun, and you could be
    damaging your eyes. – And sunglasses
    aren’t gonna cut it. – They don’t cut it.
    You need some special glasses, and luckily we have many pairs
    we’re handing out here. – Perfect.
    – And there are another– a number of other techniques, so we’re handing out materials about how to safely view and witness the eclipse, so if you don’t get
    a pair of glasses, there’s still many
    different ways that you can actually
    still enjoy the eclipse, and then during that moment
    of totality here in Charleston, the last city that will
    be witnessing the eclipse, that’ll last for about
    a minute and a half, and you can actually
    take the glasses off, and that’s when you can
    really enjoy the event. – NASA’s obviously very excited
    about getting people inspired and understanding the science
    behind what’s happening, but their number-one message
    here is safety this weekend. – That’s correct.
    We want everyone to enjoy this, but we want everyone
    to enjoy it safely, and so you don’t see
    an eclipse all the time, so we want to–we’re out here
    to try and educate everybody about how to do it safely so
    everyone can have a good time. – And hopefully see more
    in the future. – That’s right, that’s right. [music continues] – Starr Jordan is the director
    of education here at the Children’s Museum
    of the Lowcountry. Starr, what all have you
    all been doing here to prepare for the eclipse? – So we started working with
    South Carolina Space Grant in conjunction with NASA
    about a year ago to prepare. – A year ago?
    – Yes. – Wow. This has been
    a long time in the works. – It has, yes, so we’re very
    excited for Monday to come, and we’re so grateful to have
    NASA scientists here today as well. – I bet kids love
    being able to see NASA scientists walking these
    halls, ask them questions. – Absolutely,
    and they get exposure to different careers in science as well than your just typical NASA astronaut you
    tend to think of. – I want to be an astronaut.
    – Yeah. – Yeah, absolutely. Why do you think it’s important
    to expose kids to science-related
    activities early on? – So we start very early on. Our target audience is birth
    to ten, and–yeah, so we– – Right from the beginning.
    – We get–we get them early. So we have a lot of programming
    that works with STEM at very young ages. We feel that’s important
    because our research shows us exposure to STEM
    concepts and experiences gives them the opportunity to
    develop problem-solving skills and math skills,
    which are so crucial. Those early experiences lead to greater understanding
    later in life. – And potential career
    opportunities too if they decide they’re interested
    in that subject matter. – Absolutely.
    – Yeah. Last question,
    you have an eclipse coming right through
    the path of totality in your back yard.
    How excited must you be? – Yes, it’s–it’s so awesome. We’re just so lucky to be here and to experience this. My background is in geology, and I studied
    planetary geology. – Seriously?
    – So this is amazing. – This is like all of your
    worlds colliding at once. – Yes, yes.
    It was meant to be. – Well, that’s great. – I just couldn’t ask
    for anything better. – Oh, good.
    I’m so excited for you. I’m excited for me too,
    selfishly, but. – And welcome to Charleston.
    We’re so glad you’re here. – Thank you.
    Thank you for having us. [music continues] – Welcome back
    to Fort Moultrie. We are so fortunate to be able
    to watch the eclipse from such a unique
    and historic vantage point. Fort Moultrie is part
    of the national park service and dates back
    to the late 18th century. It’s one of 21 national parks that are in the path
    of totality for this solar eclipse,
    and actually, another one is the Great Smoky Mountains
    National Park, where the rest
    of the “NASA 360” team is streaming the eclipse live
    from on top of a mountain. Be sure to check them out
    at www.NASA.gov/eclipselive, but make it back
    to our stream also. We’re gonna talk to
    the interim superintendent of the national park, Gary. Thank you so much
    for being with us. – Hey, well, thank you.
    It’s good to be with you guys. – And so Gary, what is your
    role here at the national park? – Well, currently
    I’m the superintendent here at Fort Sumter National
    Monument, Fort Moultrie, and I’m the park manager,
    essentially, and I work with
    the management team, and we just ensure safe and–
    operations of the park, so. – Can you tell us a little bit
    about the history of Fort Moultrie
    and Fort Sumter? – Yes, I sure can. So Fort Sumter’s obviously
    famous for it’s the first shot, you know, of the Civil War. – Yeah.
    – So that’s its claim to fame, and it was once a three-story beautiful fort. It was reduced to rubble
    during the war, and Fort Moultrie here,
    it’s unique. This is actually–
    it predates Fort Sumter. – Oh, really? Wow.
    – Yeah. – So it was a wood fort
    originally, and now it–you see what it is
    today, so I mean–and yeah, so. – And what can people see
    when they come and visit this national park? – Well, at Fort Moultrie here,
    which we’re on the roof of the visitors center
    right now, right, so we got a nice visitors
    center down below, and then across the road
    is the Fort itself, and what you can see
    is 171 years of coastal defense on display. – Wow.
    – And at Fort Moultrie–or I mean at Fort Sumter,
    I’m sorry, there’s two access points
    for a ferry, and one’s at Patriot’s Point
    in Mount Pleasant, and one’s at Liberty Square
    in downtown Charleston, and Liberty Square is the visitors center
    for Fort Sumter. You can take the ferry out. It’s just a–
    it’s a great event. – Well, we got to make a trip
    over there at some point. – Yeah.
    – Now, I–the path of totality is actually fairly narrow
    going across the country. – Correct. – And you are right
    in the path. How does it feel to be right
    in the middle of everything? – Well, you know,
    it’s a great experience. There’s–we’re a little bit
    cloudy today, so we’re hoping we’ll get some cleared up,
    get some good shots. – I know.
    We’re all hoping that. – Yeah, so like you was saying, there’s over, what, 21 national
    parks in the line of totality, and we just happen
    to be the last one. – Yeah.
    – So it’s pretty exciting to be that, yeah.
    – It is very exciting. Thank you so much
    for talking with us, Gary. – Mm-hmm.
    – We’re gonna talk to another national park ranger as well.
    Dawn, come on over. – Hi.
    – Dawn, hi. Thank you so much
    for being with us. – Oh, my pleasure.
    – And can you tell us your name and your title here?
    – So my name’s Dawn Davis, and I’m a park ranger managing
    the public affairs for Fort Sumter
    National Monument. – And we want to talk
    specifically about the junior ranger program.
    Can you tell me about that? – Absolutely.
    So the–at the Washington level they developed a special
    junior ranger program just for this occasion,
    for the eclipse, and so the parks were able
    to get copies of it, and they developed
    a special badge. Children 12 and under and even
    adults who want to do it as well can do
    this junior ranger program as a family
    and learn about eclipses and have some fun
    and earn a special badge. – Thank you so much, Dawn.
    – Thank you. – And we actually have a very
    special guest with us today. We have a junior ranger
    with us. Come on over. So can you tell me your name
    and how old are you? – My name is Yura,
    and I am 12 years old. – And where are you from, Yura?
    – I’m from Michigan. – What brought you all the way
    out here to Charleston? – We were originally planning
    on coming down here ’cause I’ve wanted
    to be in this state and be able to s–come see
    this state for a long time, and it happened to coincide
    with the eclipse. – And you got to get
    an eclipse badge today? Can you tell me about that?
    – Yeah, I did. It was fun because
    I could test out, like, putting fingers together and seeing shadows
    on the ground. – Yeah. And did you learn
    how to put glasses on? – Ye– – Yeah?
    – Yeah. – When is the next solar
    eclipse that you’re gonna be able to see?
    – It’s in 2024, and I’ll be 19 years old.
    – Oh, that’s very exciting. Are you looking forward
    to that one? – Definitely.
    – And this is– is this your first
    junior ranger badge? – No, I have done many
    other junior ranger badges in many other national parks, and I have been to many
    more national parks that didn’t have junior ranger
    badges, and they were amazing. – And for–and now that you’re
    an official junior ranger on the eclipse badge, what advice do you have
    for people today? – My advice is don’t look
    at the Sun without glasses, or you’ll get blinded.
    – Very good advice. – And if you do have glasses,
    look at it. – That’s right.
    I hope everybody has glasses and they can look
    at it at home. Thank you, Yura.
    Thank you for being with us. Now, “NASA 360” visited
    the Children’s Museum in Charleston
    earlier in the program, and now we’re gonna take
    a visit to the city’s aquarium. We’re gonna speak
    with an aviculturist, that’s someone
    who studies birds, about what they’re expecting
    from the bird population during the eclipse. [dramatic music] – We’re here at the South
    Carolina Aquarium in Charleston, South Carolina, where not only are they getting
    people ready for the big event, but they also have
    some in-house residents to prepare for it as well. [music continues] Beth Demas is an outreach
    education manager right here at
    South Carolina Aquarium, and Beth, what kinds of things
    are you all doing to get ready for the big day? – Yeah, well, so today,
    Saturday, we had NASA here thanks to the Lowcountry Hall
    of Math and Science at the College of
    Charleston and Space Grant. They were great
    in bringing us NASA and having them here at the
    aquarium to engage our guests. We are all about getting guests
    engaged with the natural world, and what better way to do that
    but getting people excited about the total solar eclipse that’s happening here
    on Monday? Yeah. – I mean, here at the aquarium
    you can cover the stratosphere all the way down to the very
    bottom of our planet through the ocean.
    – Absolutely, absolutely, yeah. So we really just want
    to get people excited and engaged in science
    and in the natural world, and so–yeah, so on Monday we’ve got a lot of
    really cool stuff planned. We’re really excited
    because we are doing some total solar
    eclipse-themed enrichments with some of our animals.
    – Cool. – So we’ve actually
    paper-mached the Earth and the Moon and the Sun, and we’re gonna put those
    into some of our animal
    exhibits with food stuffed in,
    of course, food stuffed in there,
    so we have that going on. We also are gonna have some fun
    activities for our guests, and then we are gonna be
    watching our animals in our two outdoor exhibits. So we have a salt marsh exhibit and a mountain forest exhibit
    with animals that’s actually exposed
    to the outside, so they’re gonna get to
    experience the solar eclipse, and so we want to be able
    to see what goes on with their behavior
    when that happens, and so we’re gonna
    be recording it and livestreaming it
    on YouTube, our YouTube channel as well, so
    we’re pretty pumped about that. – That’s great.
    – Yeah. And then, of course, when the
    total solar eclipse happens, we’re gonna invite our guests
    to step outside and engage with them as it’s going on too
    and get them to watch. – You guys have a pretty nice
    location [inaudible]. – We do. We have a great
    harbor deck out there and then, of course, the big lawn
    in front of the aquarium, so we expect everybody to go
    outside and experience it, and we’ll be there
    right along with them, so we’re pumped here too, yeah. [music continues] – Monty Wallace is in
    the husbandry department here at the South Carolina Aquarium, and Monty, I can’t even begin
    to pronounce your title, let alone understand
    what it is. – That’s okay. I’m the aviculturist
    here at the aquarium, which means I take care
    of all the birds, and we have about 40 of them,
    so it’s a big job. – It’s no tiny
    little task there. – Mm-mm, no. – So you have a really
    interesting viewpoint, then, of studying the eclipse
    on bird species here. – Yeah, so we’re trying
    to look at what– how our animals
    interact with the aquar– with the eclipse going on, and so we just want
    to try to make sure that they’re all happy
    and healthy in it and that they’re exhibiting
    natural behaviors during it probably. – So the eclipse is a natural
    event that’s happening. You’re expecting the animals to
    respond with natural behavior? – Fairly naturally, probably
    a little bit modified because it’s not
    the time of day when it would normally happen,
    and, well, for our birds here, they’re gonna be experiencing
    these nighttime feelings at a time when there’s
    guests in the exhibits, and that’s something that
    doesn’t naturally happen, as well as the fact
    that it’s dark in the middle of the day, so. – So how are you monitoring that behavior here
    at the aquarium? – Well, we have some cameras
    set up in some of our exhibits to try to capture the
    overall experiences they have, but I’ll definitely be paying
    really close attention to some of our bird species
    that we have, especially in one of our
    exhibits in the salt marsh because we have a really
    awesome opportunity there with two species that have
    very similar lifestyles but at different
    times of the day, being a nocturnal one
    and a diurnal one, so. – So what’s kinds of things
    are you expecting to see there? – Okay, well, so the two
    species are herons, a yellow-crowned night heron,
    suggesting he’s a night bird, and he is,
    and our little blue heron, both very similar in size, very similar in
    hunting strategies, only one of them
    hunts during the day and one of them hunts during
    the night, so the little blue, who most likely–or
    is most oftentimes kind of wandering
    around in the grasses and in the salt marshy parts
    of our exhibit during the day may decide
    to take some refuge in–in his perching areas for his nighttime
    perching at that time, and at that time
    maybe our night heron, our yellow-crowned night heron,
    who generally sits and hangs out in the trees
    during the daytime, he might come down and start
    spending a little bit more time in those grassy, marshy areas where he would normally
    be hunting at that time. – They’re gonna be like,
    “That was the shortest night I’ve ever experienced.” – Yeah, “I didn’t get quite
    enough food that night, but there you are,” no.
    – “I’m exhausted and hungry.” – And that’s–you know,
    and that’s part of it too. They don’t necessarily realize
    that it’s only been six hours and night’s starting to show up
    at 2:00 in the afternoon, so I think that some of these
    behaviors are gonna be things that we wouldn’t necessarily
    know that they naturally do. I get here early, and I get
    to see groups of shore bird, we’re right here on the harbor,
    heading from their night roosts cross the harbor out to
    the beaches on a daily basis, big groups of them making
    a whole bunch of noise and heading out, and they come back at,
    you know, 9:00, 10:00 at night, and maybe people
    don’t really notice that… – That makes sense.
    – But at 2:30 in the afternoon, a lot more people are
    probably gonna notice these big groups of birds
    heading back to their nighttime
    perching areas. – They’re gonna think, “Oh, they know something
    that we don’t know.” – Yeah, exactly,
    “They know something’s coming! We got to follow the birds.” – But really,
    it’s just a natural behavior, and they’re just changing
    based on the time of day. – It’s a daily–
    a daily commute, kind of. – Huh. Interesting. I’d never thought
    about this dynamic when it comes to planetary
    and solar natural behavior. – Yeah, yeah, you know,
    and whether or not their natural inter–
    or excuse me, internal clocks are gonna be overcoming that
    and they’re gonna be saying, “Wait, no,
    I’m confused a little,” may–and maybe that does
    happen a little bit, but these are natural
    things that happen. Oftentimes we have
    thunderstorms that roll through this area,
    especially in the summertime, that make our area very, very dark
    in the middle of the day, and these are things that these
    birds have experienced before, not necessarily seeing the Sun
    in the process of that, but natural occurrences that I don’t think are gonna
    affect the birds unnaturally, but maybe we think
    they’re unnatural behaviors ’cause we don’t see them
    at 2:00 in the afternoon. – Sure.
    Well, I’m gl–I’m grateful that you have
    the research opportunity to take a look in here too. – I’m excited to see
    what happens on Monday, so. – They are too, clearly.
    – Yes, exactly. [music continues] – Joshua Santora is an educator
    at Kennedy Space Center. So Joshua, tell us about
    the outreach initiatives that are happening across
    the country for the eclipse. – Yeah, so obviously
    this is a big deal. {an8}It does not happen much
    for a solar eclipse {an8}to come through America, {an8}especially a total
    solar eclipse. {an8}We haven’t seen one
    like this for 99 years, {an8}so it’s been a long time.
    We’re excited, {an8}so it’s ultimately
    just a great teachable moment because across
    the entire country there are gonna be people
    in major cities who will undeniably be drawn
    to look at the sky, and so with NASA we’re focused
    on exploration and outreach, especially in space, and so this is a chance
    to just hone in on that and teach people about the
    stars and the Sun and the Moon, and so we’re just
    eating this up. This is just like–
    it’s kind of like the lottery. It comes around,
    and you take full advantage. – This is NASA’s lottery.
    – Exactly, yeah. – NASA hit the jackpot
    this month. – Yeah, and so
    we’re excited too ’cause there’s another one
    in seven years, so we’ll get another shot. Very–very unusual,
    unlikely for that to happen, but we’re excited for that too
    ’cause again, teachable moments
    that are inescapable. – I love that.
    Now, here in Charleston you guys are doing
    a lot as well, even here at the aquarium. Tell me about
    some of that stuff. – Yes, Charleston has been
    phenomenal at hosting us. There is a massive,
    massive presence descending upon
    the city right now. We have people today
    at the Charleston Museum. We’re at the library here,
    downtown Charleston, and we’re here physically
    at the aquarium, and we’re putting on
    programs for people who are attending these venues just to inform them about
    the eclipse, to explain safety, and to just get them excited
    about what’s going on. We also have NASA TV, who is running their sh–their
    man show out of Charleston. There’s a lot of folks
    headed to the Yorktown to–it’s kind of a VIP event where there’s gonna be
    astronauts and bigwigs and all kinds of people
    from across NASA, the agency,
    to show up and really just represent,
    again, what we’re doing. So Charleston’s phenomenal. What a great city.
    They’ve been phenomenal hosts, and so we’re excited to be here
    in the last piece of land that will see total solar
    eclipse on Monday, the 21st. – Welcome back
    to Fort Moultrie. We are lucky to have a few
    folks from NASA with us today, and we’re gonna speak
    with Josh Fody, an engineer at the NASA
    Langley Research Center, so we can learn a little bit
    more about solar eclipses. Josh, thank you so much
    for being with us. – Oh, thanks for having me.
    It’s a privilege. – Josh, what is
    a solar eclipse? – Well, a solar eclipse
    is simply when the Moon casts
    its shadow on the Earth, so any body
    that’s orbiting the Sun will cast a shadow
    away from the Sun. The Moon orbits Earth
    about 12 times per year, so inevitably on occasion that shadow will pass
    over the Earth. About two to five times
    per year we’ll have a solar eclipse
    on Earth. – And what makes this solar
    eclipse so unique or so rare? – Well, first of all,
    this is a total solar eclipse, so of those two
    to five times per year, actually, on average only once
    in about every year and a half we’ll have
    a total solar eclipse on Earth. Now, a total solar eclipse
    is when the Moon has completely
    blocked out the Sun. – Great.
    Now, what is the corona, and why is it so special that we’re gonna be able to see
    it today with the naked eye? – Well, the corona is really
    an amazing thing to see. It’s very rare.
    To be able to see the corona, the Sun has to be completely
    blocked out by the Moon, and the corona doesn’t emit its own light
    in the visible spectrum, so the photosphere
    is the part of the Sun that you see
    with your naked eyes. It is about
    10,000 degrees Fahrenheit, so it emits light
    in the visible spectrum, which is what you see
    with your eyes, and in the infrared spectrum, which is what
    you can feel as heat, but the corona is
    1.8 million degrees Fahrenheit. – Wow.
    – So it’s actually glowing in a–in the spectrum
    that’s ultraviolet, which you’re familiar with
    because you wear sunscreen to protect yourself
    from ultraviolet light, and also in x-rays.
    Now, x-rays could be harmful, but they don’t ever make
    their way down to the Earth because of Earth’s atmosphere
    and our magnetic fields. – But you just said we can’t
    see part of the corona. How can we see it today?
    – That’s a good question. So when the Moon perfectly
    blocks out the Sun, it enables us to see
    the scattered light that’s leaving the photosphere
    and going through the plasma, which is just sort of
    ionized gases because of the gases being
    so hot in the corona, so if you think of being
    in your bedroom and you see dust flying through
    a sunbeam in your window, the s–the dust
    isn’t exactly glowing. It’s scattering the light
    in the sunbeam, but it allows you
    to see that sunbeam, and it’s–the plasma
    in the corona follows magnetic field lines
    in the Sun’s atmosphere, so it’s really cool
    because we can visualize what the solar magnetic
    field lines look like, just like when you scatter
    iron filings on a paper and cover it with a magnet. – So that’s something
    you can try at home. Now, the Sun rises in the east
    and sets in the west. Why is this eclipse
    traveling from west to east? – Well, all eclipses travel
    on Earth from west to east because the Moon orbits
    Earth from west to east. Now, it does so much slower
    than the Earth rotates, the Moon orbiting the Earth
    about once every 30 days and the Earth
    obviously revolving in one day 360 degrees, so the mu–the Moon
    and the Sun always seem to rise from the–from the east
    and set in the west, but the Moon is in fact
    orbiting from west to east, so the shadow it casts
    will travel from west to east. Now, the speed of that
    shadow varies depending on the shape
    of the Earth, the path it takes across
    the Earth’s surface, but on this eclipse, this particular day the shadow crossed the Oregon coast
    this morning, or earlier today, going about
    2,400 miles per hour, and it will exit the coast
    here in Charleston shortly going about
    1,500 miles per hour, and that means it only took
    about 90 minutes or a little more
    than 90 minutes for it to–for the total solar eclipse shadow
    to make its path from the Pacific
    to the Atlantic Ocean. – Isn’t that pretty amazing?
    – That’s very fast. – And we’re actually the last
    stop before it exits out off–out of the U.S. So I want to talk to you a
    little bit about the difference between a solar eclipse
    and a lunar eclipse. – So a solar eclipse
    and a lunar eclipse, a solar eclipse
    is the Moon casting its shadow on the Earth, and a lunar eclipse is Earth
    casting its shadow on the Moon, so lunar eclipses are actually
    more rare than solar eclipses. – Huh.
    – I said a solar eclipse is between two
    and five times per year. A lunar eclipse can occur up
    to three times per year but sometimes not at all
    in a given year, and another
    interesting difference between a solar
    and lunar eclipse, if you want to see
    a solar eclipse, you have to be on
    that specific spot on Earth where the shadow passes over to see the eclipse
    where we are now. – Mm-hmm, that’s right.
    – On a lunar eclipse, anywhere on Earth
    that you can see the Moon, you can see a lunar eclipse,
    which is about half the planet. – Great. Now, we have
    your telescope here with us. Can you show me how you
    outfitted your telescope to watch the eclipse today? – Sure. So this is just
    a standard off-the-shelf Dobsonian. It’s an 8-inch diameter
    aperture, and it–basically, what it means is light
    comes in the top, and it bounces off
    a mirror in the bottom and then bounces off
    another mirror, which sends it out to the
    eyepiece where you would view. Now, the Sun is far too bright to ever look at
    through a telescope. It would be very dangerous
    to do that, so I’ve built this–
    this solar filter at the top. – Wow.
    – So this is just an old popcorn tin, and then you can get–
    buy these films online. It’s aluminized Mylar. Basically, it just cuts
    the light down, and instead of having this
    full 8-inch aperture, I have an aperture of–
    a quarter of the size, so it’s a 2-inch
    diameter aperture, and that allows
    significantly less light from entering the telescope
    so we can see the Sun safely, and it’s really
    beautiful to watch. – Have you been able to see
    anything so far? – We have, yeah, and more
    recently than we had earlier, so I’m hoping that it stays
    this way for totality. – I know, we are really hoping,
    hoping that. Thank you so much
    for being with us, Josh. – My pleasure.
    – We really appreciate it. Scott, did you see
    that telescope? – I did. It’s so amazing. I got
    to look through it earlier. Holy crap,
    you could see sunspots. – You could see the sunspots.
    – It’s unbelievable. – It’s really cool.
    – All right, Jessie, but it looks like it’s time
    for us to say goodbye to Fort Moultrie. – We’re only about 15 minutes
    away from totality now. – Cannot wait.
    – We are so excited. – But before we–
    before totality happens, we’re gonna go back to
    the Coast Guard boat with Molly to see what’s going on
    with the balloon and the College
    of Charleston students. – So stay with us as we
    transition back to the boat. We’re sending our signal via
    satellite about 5 miles away, so it might take a second.
    – Go up and down. – Hey, guys, Molly McKinney
    with “NASA 360” clearly on a boat
    outside at sea outside of Charlotte–
    Charleston, South Carolina, and we’re here looking
    at the partial eclipse which is underway,
    but we just actually released a weather balloon–how long,
    30 minutes ago or so? – Yes, ma’am, 35 minutes ago.
    – 35 minutes ago, and so this is the team
    from the College of Charleston that launched that balloon. They actually launched
    the balloon with the hopes of being able
    to record video of the eclipse. – Of course. – We had a couple
    little hiccups, so. – Little? That was a big hiccup
    if you ask me. – So why don’t you walk me
    through, as team lead, kind of what–what you–
    encounters you had and just–this is all part of
    the learning experience, right? – Oh, yeah, it’s–it’s more
    than a learning experience. It’s a scientific experiment. You know, if we knew
    what the outcome was, we wouldn’t be doing it,
    and so this was our first time actually letting go
    of all of our gear, and, you know, stuff happens. A big old gust of wind came, sucked it right off
    of our mount. We never had that happen
    before. It happened today. – Of course it happens
    when you’re live on camera. – You know, it’s okay. You just got to take it
    in stride. We learned a lot. Everything we learned from this
    experience hasn’t gone away. We just don’t get the cherry
    on top, you know? That’s a shame, but as one of the guys
    on the boat put it earlier, it’s a–Mother Nature
    will still continue regardless of the folly of man, and that’s absolutely right. It will eclipse,
    and I’m witnessing it now, and, you know,
    it’s not bittersweet. It’s just sweet. – What I think is so amazing
    is that you all had one failure with the balloon
    that prematurely launched. You tried it a second time,
    and you had a failure again, and you even had the decency
    and the preparedness to try for a third time, and that was the one
    that actually launched. – Of course.
    You can never give up, ever, so we just work with what
    we got whenever we got it, and that was the cards
    we were dealt, so we just had to play
    what we could. – And so unfortunately,
    to get the third one to launch with
    the depleted helium levels, we had to forego
    the livestream video component, but there is still
    a 360 degree camera on board that’s capturing this data. It’s a beautiful day
    up above the clouds that are over Charleston,
    South Carolina, so in a couple days
    we’ll get to watch that video. What will we see in that? – Hopefully you’ll get to see
    a quick ride up and a quick ride down of what
    would have been live today. Unfortunately, things happen and never seem to go
    as planned, and so we still got to launch
    one of our three cameras, and while it’s not ideal,
    we’re still operational. – I think it’s also interesting
    that, you know, we’re trying to control
    so many factors down here launching a weather balloon
    from a boat, and it’s all these things
    that we can’t control, and then here we’re witnessing
    a natural event that is way beyond our control. – Of course.
    – You know? Let’s talk a little bit
    about the eclipse. Thank you.
    – Sure. – What’s your–what are
    your hopes for the eclipse? Do you–the balloon part
    is done, and the balloon is up. – Yeah.
    – It was successful. Wh–how do you feel now just getting back to sit
    and watch the eclipse? – I’m just hoping to get
    a good view of it. We’re heading further
    into the path of totality now, so we’re hoping
    to prolong our time in the–in the totality, so hopefully we’ll get to see
    that for a little bit longer to make up for the lack of a successful launch, so…
    We are still– – You did get a balloon up
    in the air, and it is streaming video, so I think that is
    a successful launch. – And we are still streaming
    from our video payload. It’s just no longer
    streaming from a balloon. We just have it pointed
    at the sky right now. – That’s great, and Cindy, what’s your title
    with the College of Charleston? – I am the director of
    the Lowcountry Hall of Science and Math, and so I do a lot of
    the public engagement outreach for the School
    of Science and Math. – So balloon stuff aside,
    this day has been a success. Can you speak
    a little bit to that? – Yes, of course.
    I mean, this is Mother Nature, and to be able to witness
    an event like this, and this is my first time
    seeing a total solar eclipse. – It’s mine too.
    – I’m super excited. It’s starting to already get
    a little–little bit darker out here, I guess, and so it’s,
    in a way, kind of eerie but in a cool way,
    a exciting way. – Talk a little bit about
    how your eyes adjust to the lighting ’cause I popped inside–
    it’s pretty toasty out here in Charleston,
    South Carolina, popped inside just for
    some AC really quick, and then I came out, and the ocean was drastically
    different in color. I could really notice it,
    where you guys being out here, your eyes gradually
    adjust to it, I guess? – Right, like, we didn’t–when
    you came out and you were like, “Wow, the ocean color’s
    change a little bit,” I guess I hadn’t picked up on
    that until you pointed it out because our eyes
    are slowly adjusting to things getting a little bit like dusk right now, you know? – For those folks
    who maybe found out about the eclipse recently and haven’t been
    tracking it for as long, why is this eclipse so special? – This is special for us
    because we haven’t had one cross continent–
    or cross the continent in almost over 100 years, and then also if you think
    about what’s going on up there in the sky, everything has to be
    just right, you know? It’s kind of like Goldilocks,
    right, and the three bears. It’s got to be just right, and so it’s really neat to be able to witness this time when the orbits are–
    you know, they’re tilted, and so that’s why we don’t get
    these very frequently in one place–
    or in the same location, so everything’s just happening
    at the right time, so–and we get–we’re
    privy to that. We get to see all that. – How does it feel to be
    out here in Charleston, the last city that
    the eclipse is happening, and be able to experience it? – I know, it’s exciting, and I
    think it’s really exciting to be on the water too
    and not on land. It’s a very different
    experience out here. – Oh, totally.
    – Yeah, but just to be able–the last,
    kind of the grand finale, I feel like, is what we’re–
    we are out here, so it’s exciting. – I couldn’t agree more. I mean, I was talking
    to the guys earlier. We as humans
    try to control so much, and even here we’re launching a real-life
    science experiment live, dealing with all of
    the little hiccups that pop up with that
    and troubleshooting, and I just love that we’re–
    we get the opportunity to stop and rise to
    a 100,000 feet level and just realize
    what’s really important, what this opportunity is about, and just observe nature
    as its happening. – I know, it’s exciting,
    very exciting. – It’s very exciting.
    – I know, and you’re right. We do try to control things. This is out of our control. You know, we had
    some people say, “Why’d you schedule
    the eclipse?” which is kind of funny. – At the College
    of Charleston you did? – Well, some of our parents, I think, asked, “Why’d you schedule the eclipse
    this weekend?” and then– – Why did you schedule
    the eclipse of three celestial bodies moving in perfect line
    together? – And it’s sad in a way ’cause it shows the lack
    of awareness people have of what’s really
    happening up there with our planetary bodies, so more work for us
    in engaging them and getting them–
    raising that awareness and really telling the story
    of what’s going on and how it is
    out of our control. – It’s pretty surreal
    to think right now that it’s getting darker because the Moon is passing
    in front of the Sun. – I know, and you know,
    I just looked up a few minutes ago
    with my glasses on, and we’re–
    it’s quite a bit covered, and yet we’re still– we still have quite
    a bit of light out here. It is like dusk, but, you know,
    if you look up there– – Wow, it’s just a sliver.
    – It’s just a sliver, I know. – That’s just so cool to be
    on the path of totality. – It’s exciting.
    – I mean, I really feel like this is a
    once-in-a-lifetime opportunity. – I know,
    and we’re about to witness, hopefully through–I know
    we have some clouds here, but Bailey’s beads and– – Can you tell us a little bit
    about those objects? – Yeah, so this is–
    NASA’s been doing some really cool research, and one of the scientists
    has really mapped out the topography of the Moon, and we know that there are
    mountains and valleys there, and when those kind of interact
    with the rays of the Sun, so to speak, it shines through
    brighter at some points, and we call those Bailey’s
    beads and diamond ring–that is what’s causing that effect,
    is the topography of the Moon. – Any little flares or flickers
    that you see as we get right up into totality,
    that’s what you’re seeing? – [inaudible] coming right up
    into totality, yes. – That’s so cool.
    – I know. – Oh. We’re so excited to bring
    this event to you guys live. We’re gonna head back
    to Fort Moultrie. They have a telescope
    there that we were hoping we’d be able to get some video
    footage of the balloon today. Nature’s proven otherwise. It’s starting to rain,
    but hey, you know what? We are so happy to be here. Nobody’s gonna rain
    on our parade today, so we’ll see you right after
    we get back from Fort Moultrie, and we’re not gonna
    talk during this. We’re gonna let
    you guys truly enjoy this experience as it happens.
    It’s a natural event. We’re not gonna
    have phones out. You can’t even take pictures
    with your phones, so just–we encourage you to enjoy this moment.
    – Just enjoy the moment. – Yeah.
    We’ll see you guys soon. – Can you believe that? – Oh, wow, yeah,
    that’s amazing. – Tell me a little bit about
    your experience, and you said this is a life-changing event
    as it was happening. – Oh, yeah, it’s the most
    astonishing thing I’ve ever seen,
    just the spectacle, just–I’ve never seen anything
    that amazing before in my life.
    It was just wow. – Really?
    – Yeah, it’s just– – And we didn’t even have
    to pay money for it. – Oh, yeah, amazing. It’s the best part of my job,
    just coming out here and, you know, supporting NASA and you guys out here,
    and it’s just amazing, yeah. – We’re with “NASA 360” here
    on board the Coast Guard vessel about 5 miles or so off the coast of Charleston,
    South Carolina. We just witnessed
    the path of totality come through Charleston,
    South Carolina. A little bittersweet
    ’cause we’re it. We’re the end. It continues on out
    into the ocean past the U.S. – It’s sad just we can’t
    watch it any longer, you know? I just want to keep following
    it and following it and–until it never ends, so.
    – You guys are probably the only ones
    that actually could do that, at least until it leaves
    U.S. waters, right? – Yeah, we probably could,
    yeah, if we wanted to. – Well, we’re gonna
    switch over here and talk to Cindy real quick. Cindy, just for guests that are
    joining us for the first time, where are you from, and what has this
    experience meant to you? – From the College
    of Charleston, and it’s such
    an incredible experience. I thought I was
    gonna cry up there. I was on the bow of the boat laying there looking
    at the corona, which we never get to see unless we have
    a total solar eclipse, so it was just amazing. – It’s an emotional experience. Why do you think
    there is so much emotion attached to something
    that we have no control over? This is a natural event. – Yeah,
    I think it’s just because everything has to be so right and these
    three celestial bodies in perfect alignment, and the Sun is this
    massive thing out there, and the small Moon
    can cover it up, and it’s–
    everything’s just so right. – And we’re all still alive.
    The world didn’t come to an end like some folks
    were predicting, so that’s always exciting too. – Exactly,
    no apocalypse, right? – Just for an overview
    for folks who haven’t joined us
    before today, we launched a weather balloon
    into the air. We’ve got it 100,000 feet
    up into the air, and we’re gonna show footage of
    that over the next couple days, but what do you think
    this experience has been like for the folks on board, the students that
    participated in this project that are collecting
    data of the eclipse from all over the country? There were 55 balloons
    that were launched today. Ours was the last one. What do you–how do you–
    what kind of takeaways do you think the students have? – In talking to our students
    and our team at Fort Moultrie and then also here on the boat, this has been almost
    a life-changing experience, and one of the coolest things
    for me as one of their mentors was that now they want
    to pursue working at NASA. They know that
    that’s a possibility, just like it is
    for everyone out there, and to be a part of something
    that’s never been done before, so this was
    an innovative project to capture the eclipse coast
    to coast with live video, and so to be a part of that, they just really–
    and to see them collaborate and to work together, this week Puerto Rico
    was in house in South Carolina, and so we had Puerto Rico, Stall high school,
    College of Charleston, and– – You had different age groups, different languages
    being spoken. – Incredible experience
    to see that and to witness all of that collaboration
    and teamwork going into it and everybody troubleshooting
    each other’s equipment, I think that in and of itself
    makes this project a success, and while we had to launch
    our balloon a couple of times, that is also part
    of being with NASA and being part
    of science, right? So it’s exciting. – One of my favorite quotes,
    I said this earlier, but is actually a NASA quote,
    and it’s, “Failure is not an option.
    It’s a requirement.” Can you explain
    that a little bit? – Yes, and with science–
    and I think as a parent and all of that, we don’t want
    our kids to fail, but then– – It’s scary.
    Failure’s so scary. – It’s scary,
    and–but teaching children and students
    that it is okay to fail, and that’s how we learn,
    and that’s how we move forward, and that’s how we progress, and that’s why NASA has gotten
    where it is today, right? Through series of failures
    and successes, and without failure,
    there is no success, so it’s just–
    – This is all part of it. – It’s in the nature
    of science, so… – For those of you that
    are just joining us, I’m Molly here with “NASA 360.” We’re on board a U.S. Coast
    Guard ship that is sailing back into the–into the coast
    of Charleston, South Carolina, and we’re just talking
    about failure. We launched a weather balloon
    today successfully, but it did take
    three tries to get it up, and we’re just talking about
    the importance of trying. I mean, the teams today,
    they failed the first time. That’s enough
    to deflate an ego, and they did it live on camera, which is a huge blow to an ego,
    and they just rolled with it. – Right. I think we all were
    a little disappointed. I could–having been with this
    crew for a year and a half now and knowing how they work, you could see a little bit
    of disappointment, as–I mean, you know,
    as you would expect, but they–
    those students came through and pulled through,
    and you’re right. I don’t think–I think
    it’s a learning experience, and it was a very
    positive one for them. – I think so too.
    – Yeah. – And what I love about
    opportunities like this, especially the ones
    that NASA provides, they give young people
    the opportunity to learn these lessons
    early on, when they’re still in school, before they get out
    into the real world. Hopefully they’re not doing it
    on someone else’s dime. They won’t make these mistakes. I’m sure if you talk
    to Sam or Robert today, boy, they won’t make
    these mistakes again. – Exactly. We’ve never had
    that happen before. I’m always the one
    that holds the balloon, and it just–appropriately
    gust of wind, and I e– – I know why it happened.
    It was ’cause that was rolling. – I know.
    I was trying to hold on to it, but they–you know,
    they’re used to carrying– they couldn’t carry my weight, but you could feel it
    tugging on you, and it’s–it– – But you guys had
    a backup balloon. You had backup helium, so you all were able
    to make this a success because you did prepare
    for the worst, and when it happened,
    you were still successful. – Exactly, exactly.
    We know that we needed to be prepared in case anything
    went wrong the first time, so we did have all that backup, which was good that we did.
    [laughs] – We touched a little bit too
    on how this–this whole eclipse has been an emotional
    experience for us, more so than
    I actually expected. I mean,
    I was teary-eyed watching. I’m, like, teary-eyed just
    trying to bring it up again, but I feel like there are so many moments
    in our lives as humans, we try and control everything because it feels really good
    to control it, and even today we tried
    to control a lot of variables, and we did okay,
    but there are things that are outside
    of our control, and I think that’s what makes
    this life so beautiful, is that you have these moments
    that are so fleeting where–it’s probably some of
    the most beautiful moments that we’ll ever spend
    on this Earth are the moments
    that we can’t control. – Right.
    – Moments when three celestial objects are passing right in front of our eyes, and I just love that. I think that makes this life
    so exciting and so fun, and it’s something
    that defies language. It defies culture. It doesn’t matter
    what you believe in. We can all share in this
    experience together as humans, and I’m so proud
    to be a human today. – Yeah, me too.
    I completely agree, and like I said, I got a little
    teary-eyed up there, and it was something– everyone kept saying
    it’s indescribab– like, you–there’s no words
    to really describe it, and that’s so true, and then when the diamond ring
    kind of peeked through, that feeling inside
    of awe and wonder at everything that’s happening
    in our universe, it’s just really– and we’re scientists
    exploring that, and engineers,
    and it’s really cool to be a part of that. – And it’s something that just
    doesn’t have to be here in the U.S. just because
    it’s happening in the U.S. thanks to technology
    these days. We can all as a globe
    participate in this ’cause it is our planet.
    It’s our only home right now. – Exactly.
    – Maybe Mars one day will be, but–we hope,
    but this is what we’ve got. – This is it for now,
    yeah, exactly, and I’m really–I’m really
    excited to get back now. I was hoping to see
    some dolphins out here. – Oh, wouldn’t that just–
    I would melt. I’d be a sobbing mess.
    – Me too, but to see how the–to hear how the animals responded,
    there’s a lot of video cameras that are–have been
    put in the zoos and aquaria around
    the path of totality, and to see how the animals
    respond is gonna be really– ’cause we missed
    all the insects and all of that kind
    of stuff out here. – Totally, totally. – So I’m excited to
    get back to that too. – The party never stops. Just because the eclipse
    is coming to an end, we have a lot of data
    to review over the next week. We’ve got a 360-degree video
    that we’re gonna be sharing so you can see
    from 100,000 feet what the eclipse
    looked like up there, and it’s just so exciting
    to be here. Gosh, it’s such an honor.
    Thank you all so much. – Thank you all so much. It really has been an honor
    being on this team and working with
    these students. They’re an incredible
    group of students. I can only speak for the ones
    in South Carolina, obviously, but man, they’ve–we have
    some– we have a great future
    ahead of us. – We sure do.
    We absolutely do. We have just a few more minutes
    while we’re going live here, but I’ll give you a look–
    quick little tour of the boat so you can see. We’re here in the back… And it’s getting
    a little sunny now. It was really
    surprisingly dark before, but it’s pretty sunny now, feels a little bit
    more like Charleston, but look at this view. What a blessing
    it is to be here. Well, as this day
    comes to an end, it has been an absolute honor
    and privilege to be hosting this “NASA 360”
    with you guys as we cover
    the 2017 solar eclipse live, path of totality right here
    in Charleston, South Carolina aboard a U.S. Coast Guard ship
    as we head back into land, and we touched about it before, but it’s just such an
    emotional experience for us, literally on a boat right now,
    our poor cameraman, but, you know, there are just
    so many things that we try and control in this world, from what we believe in to what we’re passionate about, everything down to the–
    what language we speak, what color our skin is. We tried to control
    a lot of elements today because we are trying
    to launch a weather balloon in the middle of the ocean. There are a lot of issues
    with that. We’re competing
    with a natural event that’s happening on time
    and on schedule, and we can’t control that, and then we had weather here
    in Charleston, South Carolina, so I–from the bottom
    of my heart, I’m so proud of
    the students today that participated
    in this project. They’re rock stars. They did all of this on live
    camera feeds around the world. That’s a little embarrassing,
    and they just rolled with it. When the failed the first time
    and the second time, they kept going. The third time, thankfully,
    was successful, and we’ll be sure to share
    that video with you all so you can see a 360-degree
    video of the solar eclipse in a couple days
    from 100,000 feet in the air. They were one of 55 balloons
    that were launched today, and so we’ll be sure
    to share all that information. You can see all the data
    that we learned from that, but above all I just–
    in moment like this I’m so grateful to be a human. There are such fleeting moments that we have
    in this beautiful life where we get to share
    moments like this together. It’s something that we didn’t
    need our cell phones for. We actually could look up,
    pause, take a moment to reflect on our place in this planet
    and our purpose and what we’re trying to do in the fleeting moments
    that we have here in this life, so I’m so grateful
    to be hosting this show with “NASA 360.” On behalf of my team
    and everybody else. If you’d like to capture
    more information, you can go to
    facebook.com/NASA360 and you can learn
    more about our show, and we’ll be, actually,
    in Illinois next week, and you can watch us cover
    a 3D printing challenge where students have
    built 3D printers, and they’re having to
    build materials as well, and they’re actually gonna
    be printing habitats that astronauts can hopefully
    live in one day as we explore Mars,
    so stay tuned for that. On behalf of everybody here,
    for the U.S. Coast Guard, College of Charleston, NASA, so many more of our
    project partners, we are so grateful
    to be a part of this, and we hope you all enjoyed
    the 2017 total solar eclipse. I’m Molly McKinney signing off. Thanks, guys.

    Man loses leg in boating accident on Gun Lake
    Articles, Blog

    Man loses leg in boating accident on Gun Lake

    August 20, 2019


    3 3 3 3 3 BILL 3 3 BILL 3 3 3 3 FOLLWOWING BREAKING NEWS 3 IS LIVE AT THE SCNE IN GUN LAKE… 3 HEATHER:.. 3 HEATHER WALKER IS LIVE AT THE LAKE… SCNE IN GUN IS LIVE AT THE HEATHER WALKER 3 HEATHER WALKER IS LIVE AT THE

    Top 5 Ugliest Fish
    Articles, Blog

    Top 5 Ugliest Fish

    August 18, 2019


    There may be plenty of fish in the sea, but
    not all of them are pretty. With over 200.000 different species it’s
    only natural that some of them are hideous. Here are the top 5 ugliest fish. Number 5: The Lumpsucker/Henfish Found lurking at the bottom of the cool waters
    of the Arctic, North Atlantic, and North Pacific ocean is the Lumpsucker. Although lumpsuckers are cute as babies, they
    tend to grow up to look something like this… Sometimes referred to as the Henfish, the
    Lumpsucker is typically 1-2 feet long with a asymmetrical, blob-like body with protruded
    eyes. And while most fish have a narrow frame, the
    Lumpsucker tends to be more spherical. They also have skin instead of scales along
    with a giant dorsal fin. Although the lumpsucker may not be a great
    swimmer, they have impressive endurance and can travel up to 60 miles. Their diet consists mostly of smaller fish,
    crustaceans, worms, and jellyfish. Fun fact: The male’s stomach turns red during
    mating and the eggs of the female (aka roe) are a popular alternative to caviar. Number 4: Snailfish Snailfish, sometimes referred to as Sea Snails,
    pretty much look like giant tadpoles. They have a large head with small eyes and
    an elongated body, which resembles an eel. Like the Lumpsucker, this fish also has skin
    instead of scales. Surprisingly little is known about the snailfish. There are over 410 different species each
    being different from the rest. Some live in shallow water, while others live
    in the deepest parts of the ocean. Some are 2 inches long, while others are 30
    inches long. Some live in warm water, others live in cold. Some are smooth, some are prickly. Some have a strict diet, others eat anything
    they can. You get the idea… But all of them are but pretty ugly and they
    don’t taste great either, fisherman consider them pests. Number 3: The Goblin Shark While it may sounds and look like something
    out of a bad science fiction novel, the Goblin Shark is in fact real and it certainly lives
    up to it’s name. The image you are seeing is not photoshopped,
    the shark actually does look like the offspring of a goblin and a shark. It has a long protruded snout which contains
    over 50 creepy nail-like teeth and a jaw that extends outward when biting. The skin is an unappealing pinkish white,
    almost as if it was never fully developed. No only does the goblin shark look and sound
    creepy, but it acts creepy too! It’s a deep sea bottom dweller, meaning
    it is found in the deepest and darkest parts of the ocean, 4200 feet below, in pitch black. It’s also considered a “slow moving species”,
    which it basically means that it’s constantly lurking. Like other sharks, it senses its prey using
    Electro sensitive organs and uses its extending jaw to snap out for a quick capture. This shark is unlike any other shark, it is
    a unique species with a lineage dating back 125 million years ago and it’s not related
    to the ones on earth today. Overall very little is known about goblin
    shark, mostly because it’s a deep sea creature and humans rarely come in contact with them. But we don’t even know how they mate, a
    pregnant goblin shark has never been discovered…for all we know it spawns! Number 2: The Gulper Eel Coming in at number 2 on our list is the gulper
    eel, aka pelican eel. The fish is technically not an eel, but it’s
    about the closet thing that it resembles. It can be found at depths over 9000 feet below
    sea level or almost 2 miles deep. Even for the deep sea, this is one of the
    oddest creatures that has ever been discovered. The fish is dark black in color and can grow
    up to 31 inches long, but the most notable feature of the Gulper Eel is it’s unusually
    large mouth which acts as a net to capture prey. The fish also has a stomach capable of stretching
    which allows for it to consume prey larger than itself. The Gulper Eel is known to not be a very good
    swimmer, but a small luminous organ at the end of it’s tail acts as a light to help
    lure and capture prey. Not much is known about this strange creature
    due to the depths of it’s habitat, but we’re pretty confident that it looks weird. Number 1: The Blobfish And finally, number 1 on our list: the Blobfish. You’ve likely seen random photos online
    of this atrocity and may have dismissed them as being photoshopped, but the photos are
    real and the blob fish actually does look like this, but here’s the catch: it only
    looks like this out of water. The truth is, we don’t actually know what
    blobfish looks like in it’s natural environment because the fish is extremely rare and lives
    at depths over 4000 feet below. And water pressure at this depth is about
    100 times stronger than that on land. Because the fish has no skeletal structure,
    not even teeth, the blobfish becomes heavily, perhaps even morbidly, disfigured when brought
    to land. Although we’re not certain what the Blobfish
    actually looks like in the deep sea, it’s likely safe to assume from the pictures that
    it’s probably still pretty ugly. Are you aware of any fish that are uglier
    than these top 5? If so, subscribe and let us know in the comments
    below.