Browsing Tag: ocean

    How to Add an LED Navigation Light to the Bow of Your Boat | BoatUS
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    How to Add an LED Navigation Light to the Bow of Your Boat | BoatUS

    August 18, 2019


    Do any boating at night or in poor visibility,
    you’ve really got to have good navigation lights This boat is somewhat old, and we’ve got cracked
    and crazed lenses on this, and this light really isn’t up to snuff, so we’re going to replace it. Things have moved on a bit since this light
    was fitted. I’m going to fit a modern LED light. If you look in here you can see there’s an
    LED array. There’s no bulb to blow. It’s almost a fit and forget item. Some people might think that you can just
    replace the existing bulb in this light with an LED light, but that you can’t do because
    it’s unlikely to comply with the U.S. Coast Guard regulations. A navigation light has to have 2-mile visibility. Just replacing the bulb isn’t going to work. You’ve really got to replace the whole fitting. So before I actually start doing any electrical
    work, I’m going to make sure that the battery is switched off. I’ve previously turned that off, so now I
    can go ahead and remove the old light. So, I’ve removed the old light, I’ve cut the
    cables. Here’s the new light. I’m just going to connect it up now. I’ve made one connection for the negative. I’m going to make up the positive connection
    now. So, with the two connections made, now what
    I’m going to do is feed them back down below the deck and then mount the lamp in position. Place the new light on the boat. I’ve drilled the holes for the screws, and
    now I’m going to put in the first screw. The first screw goes through the center of
    the light so that I can screw that down onto the boat, and then we can make sure the light
    is directly fore and aft so that we’re not showing the wrong sectors. I’ve lined it up and I’m just putting in the
    final screw now. I want it to be tight but not too tight. We don’t want to crack the casing. And then with that, we can snap the cover
    on. So there you have it. The project took me about half an hour, I
    got rid of the old junky light, replaced it with a new LED light. I never have to worry about replacing the
    bulbs ever again. Looks good, looks classy. Looking forward to using the boat. We’ll see you on the water.

    How to Clean a Sailboat : How to Clean a Sailboat Engine
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    How to Clean a Sailboat : How to Clean a Sailboat Engine

    August 18, 2019


    Hi, I’m Ches Rainier, welcome to Expert Village.
    Today we’re going to be talking about some techniques used to clean a fiberglass boat.
    So one thing you really want to have is a clean engine compartment. You want to get
    rid of all, any grease from when you changed the oil, and any diesel fuel that may have
    spilled on your diesel engine. If you have a clean engine, it really helps you spot problems
    early with a fuel system or oil leaks before it becomes a big problem, because you don’t
    want to pollute the marine environment. So, if you’ve got a clean area, then you know
    if any oil’s dripping out. I like to use Simple Green. It works pretty well; it’s a good degreaser.
    Just squirt a little Simple Green on the engine and then wipe it clean.

    How to Sail a Sailboat : Coast Guard Tips When Sailing
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    How to Sail a Sailboat : Coast Guard Tips When Sailing

    August 18, 2019


    That’s one of our Coast Guard Cutters out
    here on the bay. They are pretty much responsible for our homeland security, but other things
    they do is to kind of go out and rescue people when they’re in trouble. The majority of your
    boats will have VHF radio on hand so if you’re in trouble there you just get on channel sixteen;
    which the Coast Guard monitors and just give the command mayday, mayday, mayday, mayday
    and they’ll answer you and ask you to go to twenty-two A. They’ll ask you what your predicament
    is, what your mayday is all about. At that time you want to go ahead and make sure you
    have your coordinates ready; your lat and long, your location. You want to let them
    know what your injury is, the type of boat you have, color of boat you have, number of
    people on board. Those are some of the things they are going to be asking so that’s a good
    way to be prepared when they do ask you. Just make a list and just mentally let them know
    what the problem is and how many people there are on board whether everyone has life jackets
    on or not and just let them know what the nature of your mayday is; that’s the main
    thing.

    Top 5 Ugliest Fish
    Articles, Blog

    Top 5 Ugliest Fish

    August 18, 2019


    There may be plenty of fish in the sea, but
    not all of them are pretty. With over 200.000 different species it’s
    only natural that some of them are hideous. Here are the top 5 ugliest fish. Number 5: The Lumpsucker/Henfish Found lurking at the bottom of the cool waters
    of the Arctic, North Atlantic, and North Pacific ocean is the Lumpsucker. Although lumpsuckers are cute as babies, they
    tend to grow up to look something like this… Sometimes referred to as the Henfish, the
    Lumpsucker is typically 1-2 feet long with a asymmetrical, blob-like body with protruded
    eyes. And while most fish have a narrow frame, the
    Lumpsucker tends to be more spherical. They also have skin instead of scales along
    with a giant dorsal fin. Although the lumpsucker may not be a great
    swimmer, they have impressive endurance and can travel up to 60 miles. Their diet consists mostly of smaller fish,
    crustaceans, worms, and jellyfish. Fun fact: The male’s stomach turns red during
    mating and the eggs of the female (aka roe) are a popular alternative to caviar. Number 4: Snailfish Snailfish, sometimes referred to as Sea Snails,
    pretty much look like giant tadpoles. They have a large head with small eyes and
    an elongated body, which resembles an eel. Like the Lumpsucker, this fish also has skin
    instead of scales. Surprisingly little is known about the snailfish. There are over 410 different species each
    being different from the rest. Some live in shallow water, while others live
    in the deepest parts of the ocean. Some are 2 inches long, while others are 30
    inches long. Some live in warm water, others live in cold. Some are smooth, some are prickly. Some have a strict diet, others eat anything
    they can. You get the idea… But all of them are but pretty ugly and they
    don’t taste great either, fisherman consider them pests. Number 3: The Goblin Shark While it may sounds and look like something
    out of a bad science fiction novel, the Goblin Shark is in fact real and it certainly lives
    up to it’s name. The image you are seeing is not photoshopped,
    the shark actually does look like the offspring of a goblin and a shark. It has a long protruded snout which contains
    over 50 creepy nail-like teeth and a jaw that extends outward when biting. The skin is an unappealing pinkish white,
    almost as if it was never fully developed. No only does the goblin shark look and sound
    creepy, but it acts creepy too! It’s a deep sea bottom dweller, meaning
    it is found in the deepest and darkest parts of the ocean, 4200 feet below, in pitch black. It’s also considered a “slow moving species”,
    which it basically means that it’s constantly lurking. Like other sharks, it senses its prey using
    Electro sensitive organs and uses its extending jaw to snap out for a quick capture. This shark is unlike any other shark, it is
    a unique species with a lineage dating back 125 million years ago and it’s not related
    to the ones on earth today. Overall very little is known about goblin
    shark, mostly because it’s a deep sea creature and humans rarely come in contact with them. But we don’t even know how they mate, a
    pregnant goblin shark has never been discovered…for all we know it spawns! Number 2: The Gulper Eel Coming in at number 2 on our list is the gulper
    eel, aka pelican eel. The fish is technically not an eel, but it’s
    about the closet thing that it resembles. It can be found at depths over 9000 feet below
    sea level or almost 2 miles deep. Even for the deep sea, this is one of the
    oddest creatures that has ever been discovered. The fish is dark black in color and can grow
    up to 31 inches long, but the most notable feature of the Gulper Eel is it’s unusually
    large mouth which acts as a net to capture prey. The fish also has a stomach capable of stretching
    which allows for it to consume prey larger than itself. The Gulper Eel is known to not be a very good
    swimmer, but a small luminous organ at the end of it’s tail acts as a light to help
    lure and capture prey. Not much is known about this strange creature
    due to the depths of it’s habitat, but we’re pretty confident that it looks weird. Number 1: The Blobfish And finally, number 1 on our list: the Blobfish. You’ve likely seen random photos online
    of this atrocity and may have dismissed them as being photoshopped, but the photos are
    real and the blob fish actually does look like this, but here’s the catch: it only
    looks like this out of water. The truth is, we don’t actually know what
    blobfish looks like in it’s natural environment because the fish is extremely rare and lives
    at depths over 4000 feet below. And water pressure at this depth is about
    100 times stronger than that on land. Because the fish has no skeletal structure,
    not even teeth, the blobfish becomes heavily, perhaps even morbidly, disfigured when brought
    to land. Although we’re not certain what the Blobfish
    actually looks like in the deep sea, it’s likely safe to assume from the pictures that
    it’s probably still pretty ugly. Are you aware of any fish that are uglier
    than these top 5? If so, subscribe and let us know in the comments
    below.

    Security on Sailboats – Sailboat Burglar Alarms DIY (Theft Defense) Patrick Childress Sailing #10
    Articles, Blog

    Security on Sailboats – Sailboat Burglar Alarms DIY (Theft Defense) Patrick Childress Sailing #10

    August 18, 2019


    years ago we had just dropped anchor in
    the capital of a coral atoll we were there to leave our sailboat Brickhouse
    for two months while we came back to the US the problem is we had just heard that
    eight other boats cruising boats had recently been broken into so what to do
    we had to set up deterrence one thing that we do on a daily basis anyway is to
    leave sandals on the side deck that always makes it look like somebody’s at
    home and if something decided to take these sandals they can have them that’s
    a donation the other thing is to hang laundry up as though it’s drying the
    third thing that we did was to leave a bright LED light burning inside the
    cabin as though somebody’s home it would be burning all 24 hours a day but those
    lights use as much energy is probably the ship’s cat Lily right Lily hey hey
    wake up the fourth thing that we did the fourth thing that we did was turn let’s
    turn on the stereo oh hey quick bite my foot we turned it on to the local
    station and turn the volume way up so you could hear it well off of the boat I
    mean doesn’t everybody turn their stereo off and they leave the boat so at least
    it made it sound like somebody was at home on the stern arch we have a
    360-degree anchor light and when we left to return to the US we had removed the
    cockpit awning so that this light not only spread across the boat but also
    into the cockpit along with this photosensitive light actually
    unfortunately these aren’t available anymore the company went out of business
    light underneath the shines down into the cockpit so at night the boat was
    well illuminated we left this anchor light on and the one at the top of the
    mast they use such little energy that the
    solar panels had no problem at all keeping up with the energy demands of
    these anchor lights and the stereo running 24 hours a day so when we went
    away we took off our heavy locks and put on these little luggage locks other
    boats that were broken into were pry bar depart they destroyed the forward
    hatches lifting them up so that the dogs were broken and so we figured if
    somebody’s gonna break into this boat I want to slow them down but I don’t want
    them tearing the boat apart so we’ve just put on these little luggage locks
    not only on the main hatch but on the two cockpit lockers fortunately we never
    had a problem they never got that far to start breaking in they figured that they
    were going to just lift up the dinging these people were experienced they’d
    broken into at least eight boats they could lift up the dinghy and they knew
    the hatch underneath would be open for ventilation and that’s what stopped them that even hurts my ears
    but I’m just finishing up the installation of this alarm I’ll mount it
    up here somehow and put an awning over it to help keep the water off this is
    replacing this alarm which was mounted higher up just below the radar dome and
    that alarm saved us they kept burglars off of our boat scared the heck out of
    me but this is the material just some Sunbrella that I just draped over it I
    think you know it doesn’t look factory finished and that’s for the better it’s
    nice and camouflaged it’ll help to shed the water away from the horn even though
    that horn is supposed to be waterproof they never last that long so we’re good
    to go on that one this is the mousetrap that protected
    brick house from the biggest rats the thieves that were trying to break into
    our boat you can see here there is an electric line attached to the wood part
    of the trap and another connecting line which is soldered to the wire frame when
    that trap is tripped it closes makes the connection and sounds off the alarm we
    had three of these one was in the Ford peak and the trip line right here was
    attached to the hatch in case that was opened we had another one set in the
    main saloon and the trip line would go up through the main hatch and attach to
    the handle of the dinghy which was turned upside down and stowed there then
    we had this one in the aft just sitting on the companionway steps and this line
    went up and attached to a screw in the upper slat so somebody pulled it would
    set off the trap me alarm would go off the alarm was so loud and woke up the
    whole Anchorage the waterfront and another a mooring area about a mile
    north all of those boats heard it 20 of the thieves jumped in the water our
    cruising friends jumped in their dinghy at 2:30 in the morning and the guys
    disappeared but in any case our boat was saved this is our latest burglar alarm
    this is a hundred and ten decibel alarm it’s powered by a 9-volt battery that
    sits in this case here it’s very effective very loud this is the trip
    mechanism pull that makes the contact of those two screws and it’ll scare the
    heck out of any thief I’ll set this up in the top of the Coach roof hook this
    in somewhere put a rag over it this stretches across to the lifeline or any
    place else that a thief might go when he passes through it sounds such a big
    alarm it’ll scare the sandals off of them too often when you go to a store to
    buy some kind of burglar alarm those things aren’t any louder than a
    frightened canary these are effective one problem is soldering these wires
    onto the top of that screw it’s very difficult I end up melting half the time
    the whole clothes pin assembly and I have to start all over again a better
    way is to just go ahead and put your screws in make them adjust long enough
    so you can put a nut on the top put ring terminals on the end of your wires and
    you’re done except for of course all of the hot gluing of the rest of the parts
    well hopefully some of these idea will help to protect your own boat while
    you’re out cruising if so please give us a thumbs up and a subscribe and we hope
    to see you soon

    Mutant Fish Taking Over Waters Around the World
    Articles, Blog

    Mutant Fish Taking Over Waters Around the World

    August 18, 2019


    – [Narrator] Behind
    running, fishing is the most popular outdoor activity
    for adults aged 25 and up. It’s largely a totally innocent,
    wacky-event-free venture, even being described as relaxing or fun. But all around the world, bizarre creatures are being reeled in, and it’s doubtful that their captors would describe their catches
    as normal or relaxing. Here are 10 mutant fish taking
    over waters around the world. Number 10, cyclops shark. A bizarre discovery was
    made in La Paz, Mexico, in the Sea of Cortez. A pregnant bull shark was
    caught, and its fetuses removed. One of them was an albino with one eye. Pictures of the cyclops
    shark were posted online, and some experts thought it was a hoax. Filipe Galvan, a well-respected
    Mexican scientist, inspected the shark and
    wrote a paper about it, which is under review. Lending further merit to the
    authenticity of the incident, Tracy Ehrenberg, the general
    manager of Pisces Sportfishing, conducted an interview with the fisherman who made the discovery. The man said that the pregnant shark was dead when they pulled it up, and that during the process
    of filleting the shark they found ten fetuses. The other nine fetuses were fairly normal, both in color and the amount of eyes. And, although it’s sad to think that someone still fishes for sharks, even though many species are endangered, and that they caught a pregnant one, this little albino cyclops
    shark is almost cute enough to star in his own Disney adventures. Number nine, mutated two-headed dolphin. A two-headed, mutant dolphin washed up on the shore of Ismire on
    the west coast of Turkey. It’s believed to have only been around a year old when it died, as it was only a meter long. It was discovered by a schoolteacher, who watched in horror
    as the mutant dolphin washed up on the shore. He then called the police, who took the dolphin’s
    body away for testing. Preliminary eyewitness reports said that the eyes and blow hole of one of the heads weren’t open, which may mean that there were further deformations in the creature, other than the glaringly obvious one, which could have contributed to its death. No one knows whether this is a
    rare case of conjoined twins, a natural type of deformation, or deformation caused by contaminants. Another incident of a
    two-headed dolphin-like creature was reported in the Netherlands. They reported the first ever case of conjoined harbor porpoises. It was thrown back into the ocean because the fishermen
    thought it might be illegal to have it in their possession and generally thought it was
    a good idea not to risk it. They did take pictures before
    throwing it back, however. There are a lot of things that indicate that the creature died
    shortly after birth. It’s tail had not stiffened, which is something that
    porpoises need in order to swim, its dorsal fin had not
    become vertical yet, and it still had hairs on its upper lip, which porpoises shed after birth. Conjoined twins are rare, even in humans. But they’re even more rare in cetaceans, a group of animals that include porpoises, dolphins, whales, and
    other similar creatures. In fact, the porpoise was only the 10th conjoined cetacean case at
    the time of this writing. Many people have a soft spot
    for dolphins and porpoises, so the thought of having two times the fun of a dolphin-like creature
    in one animal is exciting. It’s very unfortunate that this story turned out the way it did, instead of resulting in one
    of the coolest animals ever. Number eight, pug nose striped bass. This mutation is fairly
    common in striped bass. They’re called pug-nosed
    because the mutation causes them to have a large, lumpy head. One recent incident involves
    one being caught in Maryland. The mutation doesn’t affect
    whether you can eat it or not, and doesn’t have any
    harmful effects on the fish, other than making it look really weird. Number seven, fish with horns. A fisherman in Siberia was stunned when he reeled in two pike that had horns on the tops of their heads. He referred to them as underwater dragons because of their appearance. The fish, which were identified as pike, had been pulled from the
    River Irtysh in Russia. Locals blamed nuclear debris from Russian missile launch
    experiments for the mutations. The fisherman dried and preserved the fish’s heads and keeps them in his garage, which is probably a good thing because the last thing we need is horned, nuclear dragon fish swimming about. Number six, mutant fish in Russia. A gigantic fish had been
    terrorizing locals in Siberia for months before it was finally caught. It had been attacking and trying to bite anyone who came near it. With a giant head, piranha-like teeth and a broad tail that resembled an oar, it’s not surprising that
    the locals were freaked out. However, It didn’t turn
    out to be a mutant. Experts say it was a wolffish, a type of endangered
    bottom-feeding predator. But, with the amount of attacks, its appearance and just
    the fact that a giant, massively aggressive fish was attacking anything that came near the water, it’s really no surprise
    that locals thought this was either some sort of
    mutant or monster fish. Before I reveal the next example, you should subscribe if
    you’re enjoying the video. We upload amazing fact
    filled list videos daily. Also, make sure to click that
    bell icon to stay updated, or you’ll regret missing out
    on some amazing knowledge that could have filled your brain. Now let’s get back to it. Number five, giant fluorescent blue fish. Residents in Gaston
    County, North Carolina, are trying to figure out
    what this huge fish is and where the video was taken. It was uploaded on Disclose
    Screen’s YouTube channel and simply said that the fish was from a lake in Gaston County,
    but not which one. The fish appears to be
    around four feet long and Disclose says it’s around 30 lbs. Many are speculating that
    it’s some sort of carp, but they have no explanation for its fluorescent blue coloration. About one in a million
    times a rainbow trout will be blue to due to
    a rare genetic variant, but that occurs in approximately
    one in a million cases. If this is what the fishermen saw here, they stumbled across an
    extremely rare creature. Still, its a pretty large fish, and although its coloration
    makes it appear to be some sort of wild Pokémon
    that’s appeared in the lake, it’s most likely not. So, don’t go wasting balls on it. Number four, Russian fish with two mouths. This fish is simply terrifying! It has one mouth on its face, one on its neck, and a bizarre tail. It has a weirdly round body
    that shouldn’t belong to a fish. But even more creepy is the
    fact that it has an odd, bulbous protrusion that appears to be filled with some sort of liquid. The fisherman who caught it speculated that the liquid could be eggs, meaning that there was the possibility of more of these creatures. This isn’t the first fish of
    its kind to be caught though. A Reddit user posted a video that appeared to show a two-headed fish. For a bit, speculation
    was all over the internet about what it was and
    how it had come to be. It wasn’t a conjoined twin, and it hadn’t grown up
    near a nuclear plant, as neat as that would be. Experts said it was a grass
    carp that had been deformed. The second mouth was
    actually a large hole formed because the gill arches
    weren’t connected to its mouth. There was also a fish caught in Australia that had two mouths. Garry Warwick, the fisherman
    who landed this bizarre catch, caught the fish in Lake
    Bonney, South Australia. He told ABC “Both mouths are
    actually joined together. “The top one opens and closes, “but the bottom one
    looks permanently open.” Although he’s been a commercial
    fisherman for over 30 years, he says he’s never seen
    anything like this. Facial deformities in which
    the creature or person has more than one of a
    particular facial feature, in this case two mouths,
    is called diprosopus. It’s commonly associated
    with conjoined twins, although it’s not the result
    of two embryos fusing together, nor is it the result of
    them not fully separating. It’s caused when facial
    patterning acts abnormally. Unfortunately, creatures
    with two faces don’t usually survive because they
    usually have some degree of deformation in their
    internal organs as well. Number three, fish with human teeth. An emperor fish was
    caught by a schoolteacher in the West Papu region of Indonesia. The teacher was astounded
    to find that the fish had flat, molar-like
    teeth that looked human. He gave the fish to a student, who took it home to his family. They were all equally shocked when they discovered its teeth. Rather than eat the fish, they decided to freeze and preserve it. That’s probably a good thing because whatever unholy alliance
    that was forged in order to create this fish is probably
    not safe for ingestion. Number two, the monsterous
    fish from Thailand. A Thai fisherman was out fishing and hoping to catch
    something worthy of a meal. Instead, he pulled in something
    that is pure nightmare fuel. This fish has a long body
    that looks a bit like an oar, a giant mouth filled
    with sharp-looking teeth, and, probably most notably,
    it doesn’t seem to have eyes. No one knows quite what it is. But, the bigger mystery here is where are its eyes and how does it see? Number one, bird fish. This bizarre fish was recently
    caught in a river in Guizhou. It looks like a completely
    normal fish on the bottom half, but the head is where things get mad. Some people say that it looks a bit like the face of a pigeon. Others say it looks like
    the face of a dolphin. What it definitely does not look like is the ordinary head of a
    carp that matches its body. Some people blame its apparent deformation on water contaminants. Others think that this is
    some sort of hybrid creature, but those in favor of the hybrid theory are not in agreement with what animals parented this bizarre creature. Unfortunately, testing cannot be done to shed light on its parentage, either, as the fish was released back
    into its natural habitat. What exactly is a bird fish’s
    natural habitat anyway? Did it fly away or swim? Most of the entries on this list died, either before or after discovery, which makes for an alarming mystery. What entry did you think
    was the most interesting? Let me know in the comments down below, and thanks for watching.

    9 Small Fish That Do Serious Damage
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    9 Small Fish That Do Serious Damage

    August 18, 2019


    From poisonous marine creatures to fish that
    pack a powerful bite, here are 9 small fish that do serious damage:
    Number 9 Boxfish Boxfishes may be small but that doesn’t
    mean they’re easy prey. In fact, few marine predators can actually
    eat adult boxfishes. This is because, whenever threatened, these
    fish can secrete toxins from their skin which act as a chemical defense mechanism. The mucus secreted from the skin of some members
    of the boxfish family contains pahutoxin, a water-soluble, crystalline chemical toxin. This is unique among known fish poisons and
    can break down or destroy red blood cells. When the toxic mucus is released, it dissolves
    quickly negatively affecting fish in the surrounding area. Pahutoxin can be deadly for various biological
    systems and even other boxfishes aren’t immune to it. Number 8 Acanthuridae
    The Acanthuridae family contains more than 86 extant species of unicornfish, tangs and
    surgeonfish. Many of them are brightly colored and therefore
    a popular addition to aquariums all over the world. These marine fish typically inhabit tropical
    seas and they’re most common around coral reefs. Most Acanthuridae species are small with lengths
    of 6 to 15.5 inches. One distinctive feature of the family makes
    these fishes quite dangerous. On either side of the tail, they have scalpel-like
    spines which are extremely sharp. These naturally-evolved switchblades can act
    as a defense mechanism against potential intruders. Some species have additional features that
    make them even more dangerous. The striped surgeonfish, for example, must
    be handled with extra care as its caudal spine is venomous. Number 7 Red Lionfish
    Lionfish are known as fish that can do serious damage because of their venomous fin rays
    that deliver painful puncture wounds. The venom is quite potent and, on rare occasions,
    can be fatal for humans. These fish are easily recognizable by their
    zebra-like stripes, enlarged pectoral fins and elongated dorsal fin spines. Whenever the lionfish feels threatened it
    will spread and present its fins before attacking with the dorsal spines. One common species is the red lionfish, which
    grows about 12 inches long and features red, white and brown stripes on its body. The red lionfish has been designated as an
    invasive species in the Mediterranean Sea, Caribbean Sea and the West Atlantic Ocean. The lack of natural predators has enabled
    the red lionfish to basically decimate local reef fishes in the regions it inhabits. For humans the symptoms of lionfish envenomation
    include extreme pain in the affected area, nausea, dizziness, headaches, fever or breathing
    difficulties. In rare cases it can cause temporary paralysis
    of the limbs, heart failure and even bath. Number 6 Piranha
    No list of dangerous fish is complete without the blood thirsty piranha. There are over 60 piranha species found in
    river systems ranging from northern Argentina to Colombia. Piranhas have deep bodies, saw-edged bellies,
    blunt heads, incredibly strong jaws and razor-sharp interlocking teeth. Most species rarely exceed 2 feet in length. During the dry season, when the water is low,
    groups of piranhas called shoals converge in feeding frenzies to take on large prey. These groups can sometimes consist of more
    than 100 piranhas each charging in to tear a chunk of flesh off their prey. Piranhas are also known to be attracted to
    blood in the water. Attacks on humans have occurred most notably
    in Brazil, Bolivia and Argentina. In 2011, a drunken teenage boy from the town
    of Rosario del Yalta, in Bolivia, jumped out of a canoe into a piranha infested river. The teen was almost eaten alive and later
    died from excessive bleeding. Number 5 Pufferfish
    Also known as blowfish or balloonfish, pufferfish are among the most poisonous vertebrates in
    the world. There are around 90 species in the Tetraodontidae
    family and most of them are small to medium in size. They’re found in warm and temperate regions
    around the world, usually in the sea but also in brackish or fresh water, in some cases. They’ve several defense mechanisms. Pufferfish have excellent eyesight and can
    use their tail fins as rudders to generate sudden bursts of speed. Their best known adaptation for survival is
    its ability to fill its highly elastic stomach with air or water until the entire fish becomes
    almost spherical in shape. Pufferfish have sharp spines all over their
    body and these become visible when it’s inflated. Predators that catch the pufferfish before
    or during inflation may choke to bath. However, the most important defense mechanism
    is the tetrodotoxin, or TTX, which can be present in its liver, ovaries, intestines
    or skin. For people, this neurotoxin can be deadly. Poisoning symptoms include vomiting, dizziness
    as well as numbing and prickling over the body. It’s followed by decreased blood pressure,
    rapid heart rate and muscle paralysis. As the diaphragm muscle becomes paralyzed,
    the victim stops breathing. Number 4 Stonefish
    The stonefish is one of the most venomous fish known to man. These creatures live in mud flats and estuaries
    among rocks or coral formations in the coastal regions of the Indo-Pacific. The stonefish draws its name from its appearance
    which seamlessly blends with the fish’s surrounding environment. They’ve thick bodies with large heads and
    mouths and bumpy skin covered with wart-like lumps and fleshy flaps. When resting, unmoving on the sea floor, it’s
    very difficult to detect. Swimmers who don’t notice these creatures
    may inadvertently step on them, which can trigger a painful and even deadly sting. Glands which are located at the bottom of
    the fish’s dorsal fin spines secrete potent neurotoxins. As the swimmer steps on it, the fish may inject
    a quantity of venom that’s proportional to the pressure applied to it. Stings may also occur on beaches, as these
    fish can live out of water for up to 24 hours. An additional defensive feature was revealed
    by a 2018 study. According to the report, stonefish can extend
    a lachrymal saber, which is a sharp specialized spine, whenever they feel threatened. If left untreated, the sting of a stonefish
    can be fatal. Hot water and vinegar should be applied to
    the affected area, followed by immediate treatment with anti-venom. Number 3 Stargazer
    The stargazer has been called ‘the meanest thing in creation’. In addition to their terrifying appearance,
    some species can deliver venom as well as electric shocks. Stargazers draw their name from the fact that
    their eyes are placed on top of their heads, as if they’re ‘looking at the stars’. They can be found all over the world in deep
    and shallow salt waters. Stargazers have massive heads, large upward-facing
    mouths and their bodies can grow to almost 3ft, for the giant stargazer. Their killing technique relies on ambush and
    they have weapons in their arsenal that can cause some serious damage. Stargazers camouflage themselves in the sand
    and leap upwards to ambush prey. Some species have a worm-shaped lure, that
    grows out of the floors of their mouths and which they can wiggle in order to attract
    prey. Above their pectoral fins, stargazers have
    two large venomous spines. Stargazer species from the Astroscopus or
    Uranoscopus genera can also deliver electric shocks, in addition to venom. All these vicious adaptations are why stargazers
    are sometimes known locally as the ‘mother-in-law fish’. Number 2 Candiru
    Also known as the toothpick or vampire fish, this parasitic catfish is native to the Amazon
    Basin and found in Ecuador, Peru, Colombia, Brazil and Bolivia. The smaller candiru species are known for
    their tendency of invading and parasitizing the human urethra. Once it enters the passage, the candiru erects
    the short spines on its gill covers and may cause inflammation, bleeding and even bath
    to its victim. One report from the 1800s, talks about a Brazilian
    physician who examined several male patients whose penises had been amputated following
    parasitism by candiru. In 1891, naturalist Paul Le Cointe describes
    an incident involving a candiru that became lodged in the vaginal canal of its victim. Le Cointe removed the candiru himself. First he pushed it forward to disengage its
    spikes and then turned it around and took it out head first. One of the most persistent reports about the
    candiru defies the laws of simple fluid physics. Some locals from the Amazon Basin claim that
    it’s dangerous to urinate in rivers known for the presence of candiru. It is said that the fish can jump out of the
    water and ascend the length of the you’re in column to enter the urethra. Even though fluid mechanics makes this impossible,
    it remains one of the most common myths regarding the candiru. Number 1 Sheepshead
    This deep-bodied flat fish is commonly found on the Gulf and the Atlantic coasts of North
    America. The sheepshead has a silver body with 5 to
    7 broad, dark vertical bands. It has a short mouth, finely serrated scales
    and sharp dorsal spines. The sheepshead can reach 35 inches in length
    and weigh more than 25 pounds, although such proportions are rare. The most unusual aspect about this species
    is its dentition which is eerily similar to that of human beings. Its front teeth resemble human incisors while
    its back teeth look like human molars. This dental pattern enables the sheepshead
    to crush and grind its prey. It can chew through heavily-armored prey like
    echinoderms, oysters or barnacles. The sheepshead is also quite cunning as it’s
    known to steal bait from fishing hooks.

    9 Fish That Hunt Land Animals
    Articles, Blog

    9 Fish That Hunt Land Animals

    August 18, 2019


    from one species that can effectively
    walk out of the water to another which is known as the fish from hell here are
    nine fish that can hunt land animals before we begin be sure to subscribe –
    they will kill you hit the like button and request any topics you’d like to
    learn about in the comments section below number nine mudskipper mudskippers are
    found in temperate subtropical and tropical regions including the Atlantic
    coast of Africa and the Indo Pacific like the name would suggest this fish
    has several fascinating adaptations which enable it to travel on land as
    well as in the water they’re able to walk or skip on land by using their
    pectoral and pelvic fins on land they survive by breathing through their skin
    throat and the mucous lining of their mouths this is called cutaneous air
    breathing and it’s similar to the way amphibians breathe on land however this
    is only possible when mudskippers are moist which is why they tend to be
    restricted to humid habitats they’re able to regulate their body temperatures
    by digging deep burrows in soft sediments which also protect them from
    predators during high tide on land mud skippers perform a wide variety of
    activities these include feeding courting potential partners as well as
    establishing and defending territories that diets include snails insects small
    crabs and even other mudskippers number eight tiger shark up until recently the
    consensus was that that tiger sharks only feed on marine animals and water
    birds then a researcher from Dolphin Island sea lab named Marcus dreimann
    made an interesting discovery in 2009 after he caught a tiger shark off the
    coast of Alabama dreimann noticed that the shark had coughed up feathers
    interestingly enough these feathers didn’t belong to a water bird
    this led dreimann to suspect that tiger sharks might be supplementing their
    with other types of birds a study followed in which the stomach’s of over
    50 tiger sharks were dissected the contents of about half of the fish’s
    stomachs revealed beaks feathers and feet from terrestrial birds like meadow
    larks woodpeckers and tanika’s the theory is that as they migrate some
    birds lose their way there thus forced to keep
    flying until they become exhausted which brings them closer and closer to the
    surface where the tiger sharks are waiting to snap them in their jaws
    number seven wels catfish wels catfish is by all accounts a true River monster
    in 2009 a large catfish almost drowned the Hungarian fisherman he had attempted
    to grab the fish in a hold but soon regretted the decision the fisherman
    barely escaped with his life after the fish dragged him underwater by his right
    leg wels catfish can potentially weigh over
    660 pounds while measuring up to 16 feet that’s significantly larger than any
    human being even though reports of such giants have
    become a rarity in recent years an interest in tendency has been observed
    in medium sized catfish from the tan River in Alba France
    they’ve reportedly developed an ability to grab pigeons from the riverbanks it’s
    believed that the larger catfish have taken to hunting in the river depths
    forcing the smaller catfish to search for other sources of food it’s also
    suspected that the larger specimens can’t swim the shallow waters to get to
    the riverbanks after the catfish grabbed the pigeons they consumed them in the
    water based on observation they have a kill rate of 28 percent this may seem
    low but it’s actually quite impressive for a fish hunt in an animal that can
    essentially fly away when threatened number six African tiger fish
    this fish genis native to the african continent is commonly referred to as
    tiger fish the scientific name for the genes– is hydra sinners and it consists
    of five species which are all typically by severus meaning they feed on other
    fish Hydra Sina’s attaches however has become recorded displaying a rather
    unique adaptation it’s the only freshwater fish species proven to prey
    on birds in flight its main target consists of low-flying barn swallows a
    sleek body that measures over 3 feet in length and sharp fang-like teeth enabled
    tiger fish to quickly jump out of the water and grab birds as they fly past
    different hunting strategies have also been observed one is to hide just
    beneath the surface and to ambush the bird in flight while another involves
    chasing the bird from the surface and then leaping to grab it the first time
    this phenomenon was observed it happened so fast that the team responsible for
    recording it barely had time to realize what happened
    number 5 eel catfish researchers speculate that the eel catfish uses the
    same method to hunt on land that was used by the first vertebrates to venture
    out of the water around 420 million years ago to catch
    insects on land the eel catfish will arch its specialized spine to rise above
    its prey which usually consists of various insects then the eel descends on
    it trapping his prey against the ground and bend in its mouth around it
    eel catfish jaw muscles a hypertrophic meaning that the cells in the tissue are
    larger which increases bite strength in the water the eel catfish employs a
    different hunting technique it expands its mouth cavity pulling in extra water
    and sucking up prey on land this hunting technique wouldn’t work because air is
    around 800 times less dense than water number 4 silver Arowana
    the silver Arowana is native to South America in some species and known to
    reach almost 4 feet in length in its native waters the silver Arowana is
    known as the monkey fish for its ability to capture prey by jumping out of the
    water they typically swim near the surface
    while looking out for potential prey on tree branches the targets of its jumping
    attacks may include snakes insects bats or birds once it’s found a suitable
    victim the fish unleashes its incredibly Swift attack with a staggering jump that
    can reach over 6 feet above the water surface
    despite this impressive hunting technique the silver Arowana usually
    uses its drawbridge like mouths to eat animals floating on the surface by
    crustaceans or smaller fish number 3 rainbow trout this colorful fish is
    known to fight back when caught and for its ability to jump high above the water
    when hunting prey this predator will eat nearly anything it captures with a
    varied diet including insects smaller fish and even some small land animals
    the rainbow trout usually hunts for land animals during their breeding season
    when the prey is abundant in 2013 a researcher discovered a rainbow trout
    with the remains of 20 shrews in its stomach this furthered understanding of
    how apt the fish is at tackling land prey wildlife experts believe that the
    trout grabs these creatures whenever they venture close to the riverbank
    number 2 Archer fish much like the name implies this
    freshwater fish takes down prey using a ranged attack after the archer fish
    selects its target which usually consists of insects hanging from tree
    branches it contracts its gills to shoot a water stream from its mouth the stream
    is shaped by the fish’s mouth pots to travel faster at the rim than at the
    front forming the type of blob that impacts the target from around three to
    nearly seven feet they’re remarkably accurate shots however even if they miss
    the target the persistent archer fish will take multiple shots what’s even
    more remarkable is that the archer fish will develop its skill through social
    learning this means that they can observe how one member of the school
    uses the shooting technique to later adapt or modify their angles and target
    distances younger fish are initially inaccurate so by hunted in small schools
    they develop their shooting through observation and experience it has
    recently emerged that Archer fish also used Jets to hunt underwater prey
    experts don’t know which hunting technique developed first whether it was
    the aerial or underwater one according to one theory they evolved in parallel
    complementing each other the more they were used by the archer fish number one
    snakehead fish snakeheads are elongated fish with large
    mouths sharp shiny teeth and long dorsal fins there are 40 snakehead species
    belonging to two main types the para China native to Africa and the China in
    Asia since these freshwater fish breathe air through their gills they’re able to
    migrate short distances on land by wriggling with their bodies and fins
    snake heads can travel almost a quarter of a mile on land where they can survive
    for up to four days as bad news for animals on the shorelines or river banks
    as some snakehead species like the northern snakehead can grow to be over 3
    feet National Geographic has described this snakehead as fish Zillah for more
    than a hundred years humans have been introducing snake heads to
    non-indigenous waters where they become invasive and cause ecological damage the
    lack of natural predators in these waters means that snake heads often
    reach apex status they also tend to spread rapidly by the age of two or
    three the snakehead has already reached sexual maturity and a single female may
    release up to 150,000 eggs every two years after it was introduced either
    intentionally or ignorantly in North American waters the aggressive snakehead
    earned the reputation of Frankenfish monster fish or the fish from hell
    thanks for watching which fish do you think is the most apt at hunted land
    animals let us know in the comments section below
    you

    Articles

    Bluewater Sailboat Tour-INSIDE a Valiant 40 -(Our Tiny Home)2 Of 3 Patrick Childress Sailing #31

    August 18, 2019


    Valiant 40 Part 2 Hello I’m Patrick Childress on the sailboat Brick House … welcome aboard today is part two of the valiant 40 tour
    down below so let’s turn the cameras around we’ll go through the hatch board
    and take a look at one time all the trim around the companionway was teak now
    it’s very low maintenance polyethylene bottom wash board that’s
    also solid polyethylene very low maintenance very sturdy so let’s go down
    below we’ll take a very quick tour of this valiant 40 and then we’ll come back
    and look at some of these items in much closer detail on the right side the
    starboard side is a hanging Locker for all the foul weather gear and we also
    keep our flares in there just forward of that is the pantry with several shelves
    and very deep storage for lots of food storage and on the port side is the aft
    cabin which we often call just the bedroom and the port side of course is
    the galley and we’ll come back and take a closer look at the galley in just a
    few minutes. On the starboard side is Rebecca’s domain the nav station she
    installed a lot of these electronics and she maintains the electronics since she
    does all the navigating for us makes it easy for me she just tells me to turn
    right turn left how far up ahead to go and in the next video she’ll actually do
    a little orientation on the electronics what we have and how useful they are on
    the starboard side is a water tank under the settee that one is about 60 gallons
    capacity there’s a tons of storage behind the backrest they go all the way
    out to the hull and we have the stereo cabinet up here behind that white door
    and then there’s another 60 gallon water tank underneath this settee on the port
    side and in the next video I’ll go through what we did to save these
    aluminum tanks they were very heavily pitted and it was gonna cost a fortune
    to rip these out and try to fit something else in so we have a remedy
    that has worked for all these years and we’ll go into that next video up
    here on the left is even more storage and there’s also lots of ventilation in
    this boat lots of hatches and port lights so we really don’t need wind
    directors to force more air through these hatches this is a hanging Locker
    on the starboard side and more clothes storage in shelves just forward of that
    on the port side is the head it’s just the right size it’s not too big not too
    small so we’re not too cramped some people have problems with their Jabsco toilet. We just don’t have problems with ours and I have a few tips I think that
    might help you out which we’ll cover in the next video but I like the size of
    this head we have a shower curtain that goes around to contain water when we’re
    taking a shower it has all the amenities that we need to be comfortable on this
    boat. Stored up forward is the Barracuda sewing machine very similar to
    the Sailrite, a lot of the parts are interchangeable. and the v-berth is not
    for personal storage this is where all kinds of parts and supplies are stored
    stainless steel nuts and bolts fiberglass, fiberglass resin, glue, all
    kinds of extra stainless steel parts are stored up in these shelves sandpaper,
    tools you name it so we are pretty self-sufficient out here if something
    should break and the same for the storage up here on the starboard side in
    all these shelves and a way up in the chain Locker we’ll
    get to that in the next video we have a hundred and fifty feet of chain that we
    store up there and then in that PVC tube that comes out of that is a is where the
    other hundred and fifty feet of chain goes to down below the V Berth – we like
    to keep as much chain as low and aft as possible. To the hanging Locker and we’ll
    get started there oh there’s one other thing I forgot to mention we’ll also be
    taking a look at the main bilge pump underneath this floorboard and we’ll
    take a look at the emergency electric bilge pump that is much farther forward
    way up underneath one of these floorboards and of course we have the
    high capacity hand operated bilge pump in the hanging Locker normally we try to dry the gear before
    it goes into this locker but even if it did go in here wet any water would just
    drip down into the bilge work its way there there’s a nice big shelf up here
    another shelf a little further down plenty of storage space and this is also
    where we keep all of our flares and emergency signaling equipment. This is
    also where the emergency hand operated bilge pump is located. What was in this
    space originally was a Whalegusher 25. It wasn’t installed properly the
    discharge went directly out over the side of the boat without a high loop so
    it was very easy for sea water or rain water just to back right down
    that discharge hose and settled inside of the pump. A proper discharge loop starts
    at the discharge thruhull going out the side of the boat and then goes up
    just as high as possible before it goes back down to the pump so
    when I went to rebuild this it was so heavily corroded inside it just wasn’t
    repairable so we replaced it with a very high capacity Edison pump it’s a
    tremendous pump it’ll pump one gallon per stroke if I had two inch hoses on
    there but because of area restrictions in the hose run I could only put in one
    and three-quarter inch hoses so it’s a little bit less than one gallon per
    stroke. On the discharge side I have a very high loop but also one of these
    see-through check valves certainly it’s not the best idea to have a check valve
    in any kind of a discharge bilge pump but at sea water no other water is going
    to be backing up and just sitting in this pump it’s going to be fully
    functional if we ever need it down here is where all the water in the boat
    collects in a stainless steel sump that measures six inches by eight inches
    across so it’s a very tight squeeze putting the pump and the float switch in
    here but I can squeeze it out, take it all
    apart and clean it out occasionally because muck does at times keep the
    float from going up and down properly is over here this is the sump discharge
    from the shower so the shower pan goes through that green pipe and comes out
    into the sump here and then gets pumped overboard the important part though is
    to put a screen on the end of that discharge otherwise you get all
    of this muck they hear the soap scum everything you would go into the sump it
    helped to clog up the pump so this way we capture it in the screen I can take
    it out dump it into the garbage can wash out this little plastic screen and then
    slip it back on keep all that hair and gunk from clogging up the most important
    bill bilge pump on the boat now I’ll take you up forward and show you the
    emergency backup bilge pump that has never seen water and hopefully it never
    will. in this forward bilge area, this is an area that just never should ever get wet so water has to get
    in this bilge up to this float switch of course before it’ll finally turn on so
    that’s pretty darn high in this bilge area when it does turn on we have that
    round alarm this is the largest bilge pump I could possibly fit in this area
    and you can see there’s no way that I could attach it at the base like you
    normally would it’s held in place with this PVC pipe
    that I just cut the section out of to make a ring that hole slips over the top
    and then this PVC horizontal piece is attached to that ring and then to each
    side to the vertical piece attached to the frame of the boat to finish up in the hanging locker this
    is where we store the hatch boards we have these two teak twist locks that
    securely hold them in place and then the hatch screens get stuffed on the far
    side of those and they’re wedged in nice and securely… and this is the pantry it
    was way back in here this is the single sideband radio and of course the control
    head for that radio is at the nav station the next shelf down is more food
    and then the very bottom shelf is a lot of hand tools which are always getting
    used as they’re in a very convenient spot along with over here in the galley
    we have all these drawers but this drawer is dedicated not to silverware
    well it’s not aware that I like to use more than all the other, because we’re
    always using all kinds of screwdrivers all the Phillips head or on that side
    and the flat heads are on this side these are always being used I can’t be
    digging out things from the engine room or some other storage space all the
    time but one thing I changed very quickly on this boat were these little
    finger holes with the latch behind I could only imagine my finger breaking
    out in the middle of an ocean and in fact a commenter on one of the earlier
    videos on galley tips said that’s exactly what happened to him he was
    reaching in to unlatch the door the boat hit a wave and his finger broke 90
    degrees in anticipation of something like that happening I did away with
    those latches and I installed these twist lock latches up here I’m actually surprised that they’ve
    lasted over 12 years now this is 2019 but just as a backup we have
    this little latch down here in fact in rough weather when things might be
    coming out and slamming against the door we always put on these extra security
    latches at the top of the door to help hold these open especially in rough
    weather are these Springs so the door can’t close push and now it’ll close
    easily so we don’t have to fight with the door along the ocean so to close the
    hatch you just pop the spring thumbs down real quick and easy any
    water that becomes a waterfall down this companionway which has happened out in
    bad storms will come down and eventually work its way down to this grating and
    then just simply runs down into the bilge.. another great idea.. oh hey there
    Lily she just woke up from her little hiding spot way in the back of the boat. I
    really like the layout of the aft cabin. Underneath this cushion is the V Drive
    and the transmission so it’s very accessible this white panel pulls out
    and up here is the storage cabinet and the bunk is 6 feet 10 inches long in
    four feet wide the only problem that I can really see is this side deck in this
    location the person sleeping on the outside can have a little difficulty
    crawling over the person on the inside. (but that could be a nice thing!)
    Underneath this area it’s all storage it is full of stuff all kinds of spares
    there’s no personal storage here there’s all kinds of electrical supplies wires
    in the back section is the hot water heater the regulators for the hooker and
    the scuba tank are stored way down in here just all kinds of repairs and
    Spares. and of course way down underneath here are the batteries we have six
    Trojan batteries golf cart batteries (T-105) one day I’d like to get caught up with
    modern technology and get some lighter batteries that have equal if not more
    amperage capacity I like the way the galley is laid out
    and actually the nice close U shape so you can’t really bang around too far
    you can always brace yourself against something while you’re working around
    the galley it’s a really good idea also on this boat we have a galley strap so
    we can lean against it while we’re cooking
    or at another position we can actually lean forward and keep from
    being thrown into the stove these countertops are solid plastic it was
    originally Formica and this work was done in Cartagena Columbia by a man
    named Eder who does a lot of this work and he did a pretty good job it is in
    Corian quality but it’s the next best thing and for $800 for doing
    everything here I think we got a pretty good deal this is a soap dispenser this
    is fresh water foot pump saltwater foot foot pump and this is the product water
    for the reverse osmosis system that we never use we just don’t need it we get
    all of our fresh water from the faucet on shore from the rain and sometimes a
    very clear stream but for washing dishes we use the salt water we rinse in salt
    water and then rinse in the fresh water we hardly ever use the pressure water we
    only use the pressure water really at the sink occasionally because we have a
    filter down below to filter the water that comes out of the fresh water tank
    and Rebecca likes to use that I’m not nearly as fussy about the water I drink.
    and back here is a big storage bin way down to the bottom of the boat all kinds
    of pots and pans we don’t have anything out here because I try to clean up for
    our ‘company’ and threw it all down here to hide it out of the way like throwing
    it under the carpet yeah we don’t normally live like this… and over here is
    the refrigerator yeah we got the freezer here it goes down very deep normally we keep these exercise mats on top of
    the refrigerator to help with insulation a lot of this is covered in video number
    22 which is galley tips and you’ll also get a very good look way down inside of
    the freezer how we defrost it and the things that we put in there to help aid
    the airflow in the freezer also in video number 20 about provisioning we go
    through a lot of these lockers pull things out and show a lot of different
    foods and how to store items on your boat and what to buy what not to buy
    while you’re out cruising long distance there’s tons of storage back here
    Bob Perry did a great job of using all the storage capacity on this boat and I’ll
    show you more of it as we move around these cabinets are full of dishes and
    cups all kinds of silverware so we’re not lacking at all for storage capacity
    well I hope other people have had better luck with their gourmet II princess
    stove than what we have had. we installed the stove in 2012. right from the get-go
    we had problems with rust it was rusting just way too fast and
    then up on the burners there was always a yellow flame and the company just
    wasn’t that helpful with us trying to figure it all out but eventually after
    trying so many different things we discovered that it was the caps that
    were not manufactured quite right and so when we got new caps and put those on at
    her own expense through a different source that took care of the yellow
    flame and now we have some nice blue flames the way they were supposed to be the original pot supports for this stove
    seem like in no time they started flaking off hunks of rust so we had to
    have new ones made out of 304 stainless and these are holding up far better
    sinks this sink on the port side was originally made far too deep seawater
    would back up through the drain hole and flood the sink when we’re just slightly
    heeled over to port. when this sink was about 38 years old I just couldn’t
    patch it up anymore on the bottom it was just rusting through so much that
    Davao City Philippines we had this one made to replace it and I only made it
    about an inch and a half less deep I probably should have gone to two or
    maybe even three inches less deep just to make sure that we are well above the
    waterline but it’s been adequate but this is simple to make the old one
    actually I cut out with an angle grinder starting from one side work down the
    bottom and brought up it was very simple to do and then just took it out and the
    people at the sheetmetal shop used that as the template for making this new one
    so it’s very simple to make with the curved sides and the very flat back and
    the flat front and it does have the flanges on each side for mounting up
    underneath these sink on the starboard side of the galley this is 43 years old
    now and it’s rusting on the bottom I haven’t had a patch it up just yet but
    when we haul out in Durban South Africa in a couple of months we’ll have a new
    one made there the sink on the port side was this 304 stainless hopefully in
    Durban they’ll have some 316 stainless to make this new sink. Once again time
    has really gotten away from me I just keep seeing more and more things to
    point out as we go through the boat so certainly there’s gonna be a part 3 part
    4 maybe even a part 5 we’ll just keep it going until we run out a boat hey but
    thanks a lot for all of the positive comments that you have been making
    that’s great encouragement to keep doing what we’re doing
    also of course if you can click on the thumbs up button down there and
    especially the subscribe if you haven’t done already that’ll be a big help so
    thanks again and we’ll see in a couple weeks for the
    next part of the Valiant 40 Tour – down below

    Wind please go AWAY!! [Yacht Refit & Restoration Week 81] (Ep.90)
    Articles, Blog

    Wind please go AWAY!! [Yacht Refit & Restoration Week 81] (Ep.90)

    August 17, 2019


    We’re gonna start prepping the mast I’ve
    got to show you all my master splicing tricks and all of those are done and
    everything organized man ugh, so frustrating It’s 8 o’clock in the morning just
    dropped Simone off at the boat she’s busy editing to kick out another episode
    and here’s our list to do for today so we’ve got upholstery and we gotta sort out
    some rigging so I’ve got a collect rigging that’s waiting for us for the
    two fore stays then we have to phone southern ropes for our final order of
    all our new lines and some mooring lines and some rode. I always tell Ricky
    when you get a parcel wait till I can film you opening it do you think he does
    that no he’s too damn eager to open up his parcel. So our new two fore stays freakin
    awesome actually the first time I’ve ever played with the stuff other than
    obviously removing ours we’ve got a stay lock we’ve got our bottom
    turnbuckle this is a little one for inner fore stay ,guys we got to that stage where the mast is outside. We’re gonna start prepping the mast and
    I don’t mean prepping a sense of haylards and that. We’ve cleaned it and washed it
    and done all of that stuff terms of gear and that means installing our tricolour
    light with anchor light that’s below this very nice setup that they got, believe Lalizas does this they’re super nice really neat looking like that
    and we can do it because we are vessels just under 12 meters and this is for
    vessels just under 12 meters so we’re lucky on that we don’t have to do the two bow lights but we
    still need a steaming lighting we still need a we don’t actually need stern light
    because this one has one in the tricolor but we will install one anyways at the back
    mount for our VHF aerial and that looks like that’s one of these whip tips.
    and this is also AIS enabled one probably a later stage we’re probably
    gonna change it and run a secondary aerial to run the AIS independently but since
    our VHF has AIS built in we’re gonna run with one of these those will connect
    up with simple bracket that mounts in goes in there , thought about figured out
    how to mount this bracket in large spot that it’s not in the way of anything
    else and then we got our anemometer that we need to mount with Raymarine they come with a nice
    little base bracket mounted like that probably have it aft facing so that if
    we peek out of the out of the Dodgers it will be very easy to see if we put it to either
    side we might have a bit of a shadow or whatever we’re gonna put it to the back
    that backwards something like that there we got our deck lights, pretty much shines
    on on a well, workinglight, deck light shines on on the deck of the boat so
    that we can see everything at night if we were working if we want to do
    something something goes wrong we could turn that light on a good good light and
    then we got to have our steaming light on there and then our radar and this bad
    boy Quantum Raymarine, so awesome, we bought this
    in the beginning of the project and maybe thankful that we did because we
    have we gotten to this stage might have not been able to afford one, we would have allocated the money to
    other more important things but radar always a great great thing to have and
    yeah we luck to have got one. Here’s our steaming light for vessels less than 12 meters according to the call regs.
    what’s great about those lights that come with these and it’s a 3M double sided tape so all i’m gonna do is put it on drill the holes that need to be drilled
    and screw/tap into that One of the things i’ve discovered lately is using 3M VHB tape as a dissimilar metal barrier, so a barrier between stainless and aluminum ,slap
    some 3M VHB tape there it adheres to and then you can do your fasteners onto that, got
    some of this stuff Duralac tough to get here in South Africa for some reason
    can’t seem to find it, not much around but there’s a guy I helped out with some other
    stuff one of the old sailors helping him with some other gear and he says use
    this and I have seen this all along this mast it’s been green stuff read up a little about it, seems to be pretty good anti corrosive joining
    compound inhibits electronic corrosion between dissimilar metals so
    yeah so if you guys can get a hold of that seems to be good so all the connections we did with
    those and if you don’t know them it’s a solder and then two seals and
    then a heat shrink and over that I put two heat shrinks to seal everything up on top of that. We drilled
    the holes in the bracket that our radar sits on the electronics will only be
    mounted once the mast is already up We then ran all the wire through the mast
    for our lights and connected them up I didn’t get a bracket with the with the
    light obviously you never get brackets with the lights so gonna make one
    just got a piece of stainless steel that is lying around piece of scrap
    marked all my lines where I need to do bends and then the line where I need to cut off and
    we’re gonna fit it over here, we’re gonna have a little steaming light over here
    and our that’s our deck light working light so that’s the bracket pretty much as you
    can see and will rivet it on to the mast over there , we’ll just bend them in a bit
    more thosee tabs and it will be done! putting some of this Duralac stuff it’s
    just to isolate the two material from one another some VHB tape there on the back
    to just to isolate it from the mast to and it’s purely a barrier we just got this little power pack
    it’s a 12-volt power pack and all we’re doing is just testing the light to make
    sure that everything works then I check the tricolor up top. Sweet! sweet Moses helped us out the weekend
    and we got started with our rigging a little bit of corrosion there and on top
    that’s for our Furler so we’re just gonna clean all of that up nicely Lube it up
    maybe even add some anti-corrosion compound and put everything back
    together and inspect all the pins replace all the split pins So this is what she looks like before.. As you can see there’s just a single strap over
    there and then just have you have to take either one of the back stays and
    what I’m going to do is I’m going to standardize these holes are not standard
    I want to go to 13 ml I’m going to get another plate to this like that’s recut
    and then we’ll go down to the standard which is a 13 ml hole and then like
    that’s the whole rig is standard if we need to get gear anywhere it’s easy to get make new
    pins and it will fit, we’ve got a new strap for the other side
    These pins have been in there without compound so they a little bit tight and a little
    bit seized we’re just gonna smack it out that’s pretty much how how our two back stays
    are gonna be, the only thing that’s going to change here is that plate we’re gonna make a new
    plate on Monday with all the wires metal supplies closed today so that’s a set
    up for front one it’s going to go on to a stay lock we have a Norseman here but
    it’s gonna take us a stay lock up front Check at this wind the windsock over there, check at that windsock
    forecast is gusting 45 knots clearly what happens with this marina if it
    blows from the west it flattens everything out but if it was the east
    there’d be one heck of a swell in here on to these dead eyes we’ve got the dead
    eyes which we got from Kraken Luke in the US and we’re gonna make all of these
    lashings so there’s our super 12 from southern
    ropes we’re gonna get all of that turned into these so that we ready hopefully
    Monday to get it on so one of those things have been really on my mind to
    talk to you guys about is doing a boat build in like an open area like
    we’ve done exposed to the elements 24/7 seven days a week and if anyone knows PE
    they’ll know how brutal this environment is the wind pumps here it’ll be sunshine
    in the morning will be raining this afternoon and you’re trying to build a
    boat outside it’s freaking tough so if anyone’s ever considering doing a boat
    build or a refurb or something try your best to kind of get it to somewhere even
    if it’s upper stream somewhere into a little warehouse or something like that
    just to help you out a bit because the weather will really sometimes get you
    down but yeah I think Simone needs some help let me go help her out, at least we got some indoor
    splicing today I’m gonna show you all my master splicing tricks I’ve only been
    doing this for like two months.. no you’ve been doing it since Luke taught you.. joking been here since Skywalker has been
    here so Luke left me a whole bunch of these goodies like this thing I think he
    said this is to start the engine when it doesn’t fail.. Marlin spike. ah Simone knows them! it’s got some of these these apparently
    to do shoelaces .. fids.. splicing fids..I’m clever hey!! Too smart! Simone;s got it she’s got it down
    thanks to Luke well it’s not as neat as when Luke left it here. Luke check
    at this what is going on at this box and all of those are done and
    everything organized so we got each one attached to a sexy Deadeye man so
    frustrating so we’ve prepped up the mast pretty much we’ve run our rigging on the
    mast we’re ready to haul up the mast but do you think the weather plays right
    with us no, this wind never freakin stops which is great for sailing but really
    crappy when you have to work so we’re trying to finish up our little things
    that we still have to do and hopefully the weather clears up sometime this week so
    that we can hoist up the mast So all our Dyneema rigging is run.. check out those are the custom spreader
    tips that we put that we made out of HDPE and check theres our oh man almost
    looks like carbon fiber but it ain’t it’s super 12 from southern ropes
    with chafe sleeve cover on it and now what we’re gonna do is we’re gonna seize these
    tips on so we’re gonna literally will run lines over in a figure eight like
    that so it’s secure and doesn’t move so that’s what the mast looks like at the
    moment VHF aerial super awesome LED light and that’s where anemometer is
    gonna go plug in to there I just took it off because I don’t want it hanging outside
    here, secondary fore stay that I made out of Dyneema out of super 12 just for
    the moment so we can get the gauge length
    there’s our backstay’s check how nice that looks man now that’s another one’s
    missing cause I’m waiting for that toggle for the guys to bring the
    toggle , there’s our solid thimbles and the whole rig is done like that check at
    that man that’s beautiful whole mast is set up
    Show you down here what it looks like our white steaming light
    Also LED with our deck light Hella, so we’re gonna have lots of good
    light at night you want a party on the decks so yeah the only thing we need to
    do, our furlers on the side see that long aluminum one there that’s a
    furler and we still got the drums at Basil’s house hopefully we’ll get out to
    that this week get it all done all the wirings in conduit in there and those
    lines are all gonna get replaced with new lines but for now we are ready to go up It’s Wednesday today, we’ve been
    waiting since Monday for a crane and obviously cause we trying to get the
    discount the crane can only come on the day that they’ve got work inside the
    harbor so we wait for them for those days and when they pitch up then we just
    use them once they’re done with the other work that they need to do first
    and then obviously it’s at a much reduced price much cheaper so it’s
    affordable for us to do it and that’s going to get our mast on but the boat is
    looking sweet check at that anchors on everything’s
    finishing up real good gotta give you guys a better view! check at that get my
    head out of it , that looks awesome man,so much work, year and a half down the line and we’re finally
    getting ready launch super excited just wanna freakin go sailing
    already travel eat food surf not that I can surf but we’ll try something check at those
    bad ass solar panels 1000 watt’s baby let’s get to work don’t forget to
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    and have an awesome week Stay tuned till next week where we hopefully.. get our mast up.