Browsing Tag: PBS

    Boating Safety Tips For Memorial Day Holiday Weekend
    Articles, Blog

    Boating Safety Tips For Memorial Day Holiday Weekend

    August 18, 2019


    FAMILY MEMBERS TELL LAKELAND NEWS THE BOY WAS WEARING A LIFE JACKET.>>>MEMORIAL DAY WEEKEND IS RIGHT ARNT THE CORNER AND AUTHORITIES ARE USING THIS TRAGEDY TO REMIND PEOPLE OF BOATING SAFETY. HERE’S A FEW TIPS THEY SAY YOU SHOULD ALWAYS TAKE UNDER CONSIDERATION. FIRST, ALWAYS CHECK THE FORECAST BEFORE YOU HEAD OUT AND WATCH FOR STORMS AND HIGH WINDS. IF THE WEATHER DOESN’T LOOK GOOD, THINK ABOUT CHANGING PLANS. NEXT, YOU’LL ALSO WANT TO CHECK YOUR EQUIPMENT AND FLOATABLES TO MAKE SURE EVERYTHING IS WORKING PROPERLY. LAST, EVERYONE ON BOARD SHOULD BE WEARING A LIFE JACKET, BUT THAT RULE IS ESPECIALLY IMPORTANT FOR KIDS UNDER 10 YEARS OLD.>>Beitel: ONE OF THE THINGS WE WANT TO REALLY, REALLY TELL FOLKS IS NOT ONLY WEAR THAT LIFE PRESERVER, BUT LET’S BOAT SAFELY, LET’S BOAT SOBER, SO LET’S NOT MIX THE TWO OF THOSE THINGS TOGETHER. MAKE SURE JUST LIKE IF THEY’RE DRIVING A CAR, HAVING A VEHICLE, HAVING SOMEBODY ON BOARD THAT’S OPERATING THE BOAT THAT’S SOBER.>>Dennis: IT’S ALSO IMPORTANT TO REMEMBER THAT COLD WATER CAN KILL. THE MINNESOTA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES HAS UPDATED THEIR BOATING RULES FOR 2018.

    Do Fish Pee?
    Articles, Blog

    Do Fish Pee?

    August 16, 2019


    Hey smart people, Joe here. Have you ever heard the phrase “to drink
    like a fish?” Well, unless you’re a ocean dwelling species,
    that probably means staying sober. Because freshwater fish don’t drink! Saltwater fish on the other hand? They’re constantly drinking. But if some fish drink all the time and other
    fish don’t drink at all, we’re left with an obvious question: Do fish pee? What… you’ve never wondered that?! Water is essential to life as we know it. To keep their chemistry running smoothly,
    living things need just the right amount of water in their bodies. You’d think that fish have it made when
    it comes to staying hydrated, but it’s not so easy. Fish gills lets oxygen flow into their bodies,
    but they’re also letting water constantly escape. Ocean water is *saltier* than the insides
    of fish. So water wants to move from the inside out
    to balance that out. That’s a problem if you’re a fish who
    wants to stay alive. It’s a process called osmosis, and we can
    demonstrate that with these eggs. I’ve dissolved the shells away, leaving
    a membrane that’ll allow water to pass through. One is covered in pure H2O. And one goes into sugar syrup. The syrup contains lots of sugar molecules,
    and not much water, so water passes out of the egg to balance it out, and the egg shrinks! Life is all about balance. Now, we keep the salts and dissolved chemicals
    in our blood balanced by flushing the extra through our kidneys, and drinking fresh water
    when we’re thirsty. But ocean fish only have one option: drink
    salt water in order to get the H2O they need to stay alive. And most of them do that a *lot*. But they need to get rid of the salt without
    dehydrating, which they do using special cells in the gills that pump out the extra. Ocean fish only make a tiny amount of urine,
    and what little pee they make is almost as salty as the pool they pee in. Freshwater fish have the opposite problem. Their insides are saltier than where they
    live, so water is constantly leaking *in* through their skin and gills. It’s just like the naked egg we put in pure
    water. The inside of the egg is saltier than the water around it, so water flows in and the egg swells up! Plus, they get even more water from their
    food. So even in their wet world, they never have
    to take a drink. Freshwater fishes have to *get rid* of water
    constantly to keep their cells from bursting, which means they pee *a lot*. They’re pretty much peeing all the time. If I peed as much as a freshwater fish, I’d
    release up to 28 liters a day, which is about 20 times more pee than I usually make. For fish, peeing in the yard is a big help
    to their neighbors. Fish pee is full of ammonia, a nitrogen containing
    compound, and phosphorous, both nutrients that plants crave. These also help feed algae and coral reefs,
    like a liquid fertilizer that helps keep aquatic ecosystems healthy. Fish are little swimming, urinating, nutrient
    recycling plants. Some fish get crazy with this salt-and-water
    balancing act. Some are able to live in water so salty it’s
    hard for them to stay below the surface. Others, like salmon, can tweak their body
    chemistry to move between salty and fresh water. Sharks and their relatives are especially
    weird when it comes to salt balance. Using a special enzyme, they stuff urea–another
    nitrogen containing compound–into their tissues. By loading their insides with another ion,
    they keep water from wanting to rush out of their bodies. It’s also why their meat smells like pee. Thankfully, we (sniff sniff armpit) don’t
    do that. I smell great. But we do owe our ability to regulate water
    and salt to our fishy ancestors. Scientists think that a healthy salt level
    for the bodies of most living animals is about the same concentration as the ancient oceans
    where life began. You even have evidence of this in your body. Before we’re born, human embryos develop
    three different types of kidneys. Two get absorbed, and one eventually becomes
    the final pair. The extra organs are an evolutionary leftovers:
    early kidneys that we also see in primitive fish, who use it to balance their salty bodies. It reminds me of the famous poem by I.P. Freely: Tinkle tinkle, little fish
    Homeostasis is what you wish The ocean’s your toilet, and even though
    you soil it Urea-ly have mastered
    your niche. Stay curious.

    Metro Center Outlook: Sea Ports
    Articles, Blog

    Metro Center Outlook: Sea Ports

    August 15, 2019


    >>WITH THE STATE OF FLORIDA ALMOST COMPLETELY SURROUNDED BY WATER OUR SEA PORTS ARE MAJOR ECONOMIC DRIVERS. HOW ARE THEY EXPANDING AND DIVERSIFYING AS THE ECONOMY REBOUNDS?>>IF YOU LOOK AT THE VERY STRONG MANUFACTURING AREAS AROUND THE COUNTRY AND AROUND THE WORLD, THEY START WITH VERY STRONG SEA PORTS.>>WE’LL TALK WITH PORT CANAVERAL CEO, JOHN WALSH. NEXT, ON METRO CENTER OUTLOOK. HELLO I’M DIANE TREES. WHETHER IT’S CRUISE SHIPS, CARGO, OR SIMPLY RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES, OUR PORTS PLAY A MAJOR ROLE IN FLORIDA’S ECONOMIC WELL BEING. JOINING US TODAY IS JOHN WALSH, THE CEIF EXECUTIVE OFFICER OF PORT CANAVERAL. JOHN WELCOME TO THE SHOW.>>THANK YOU VERY MUCH IT’S A PLEASURE TO BE HERE.>>GOVERNOR SCOTT HAS INVESTED SOME 400 MILLION DOLLARS IN THE FLORIDA SEA PORTS OVER THE LAST THREE YEARS. WHY IS THAT SO IMPORTANT TO FLORIDA’S ECONOMY?>>WELL ONE OF THE KEY THINGS THAT THE GOVERNOR REALIZED IS THAT IN ORDER TO HELP DIVERSIFY FLORIDA AWAY FROM TOURISM AND NOONE HAS SAID THAT TOURISM REMAINS VERY IMPORTANT TO THE ECONOMY, BUT WE NEEDED TO HAVE A MUCH MORE DIVERSE BASE AND WHAT SEA PORTS CONTRIBUTE IS THE ABILITY TO MOVE GOODS IN AND OUT. IT’S IMPORTANT AS THE WORLD MANUFACTURING MOVES AROUND, ALWAYS LOOKING FOR NEW OPPORTUNITIES. A LOT OF COMPANIES ARE BRINGING MANUFACTURING BACK ON SHORE HERE TO THE UNITED STATES AND IT DOESN’T MEAN THAT THEY’RE GOING TO GO BACK TO WHERE THEY PREVIOUSLY WERE. THEY MAY HAVE BEEN IN THE RUST BELT, THE MID WEST BECAUSE OF AN OLD RAIL ROAD MODEL. THEY NOW HAVE CHOICE AND FLORIDA OFFERS A LOT OF VERY POSITIVE OPPORTUNITIES IN BOTH TEXT BASED AS WELL AS QUALITY OF LIFE. SO IF WE HAVE GOOD TRANSPORTATION, IMPORT, EXPORT, WE’RE ABLE TO GET PRODUCTS IN AND OUT OF THE REGION, THAT CREATES A STRONG DISTRIBUTION MODEL. WE ARE A CONSUMER STATE, WE DON’T MANUFACTURE A LOT RIGHT NOW SO IT LETS US START BY SERVING OUR CONSUMER BASE WITH FLORIDA JOBS AND FLORIDA MANUFACTURING CAN THEN FOLLOW COME INTO PLACE IF YOU HAVE STRONG DISTRIBUTION. WE’RE SEEING IT STARTING TO HAPPEN IN THE SPACE COAST AND THE I-4 CORRIDOR, SO IT REALLY CREATES A INNER MOTAL NETWORK AND IF YOU LOOK AT THE VERY STRONG MANUFACTURING AREAS AROUND THE COUNTRY AND AROUND THE WORLD, THEY START WITH VERY STRONG SEA PORTS, AND SO WE APPLAUD THE GOVERNOR IN STARTING IN THAT POSITION.>>I’M HEARING THE WORD INNER MOTAL QUITE A BIT NOW >>YES.>>I WAS READING AN ARTICLE AND I WAS SURPRISED IT SAID THAT A LOT OF OUR CARGO SHIPS, LEAVE PORTS EMPTY. SO THIS IS A GREAT OPPORTUNITY I WOULD THINK FOR FLORIDA BUSINESSES TO CAPITALIZE ON BEEFING UP THEIR EXPORTS IF POSSIBLE.>>IT IS. IT’S A VERY STRONG OPPORTUNITY. I MEAN THEY LOVE TO BE ABLE TO BE FULL GOING BOTH WAYS SO BY HAVING FLORIDA PRODUCTS AND COMPANIES EXPORTING THE CARIBBEAN, IS A STRONG SET OF IMPORT, THE GROWTH IN SOUTH AMERICA. THE GROWTH OF THE AFRICAN CONTINENT, THE GROWTH IN LATIN AMERICA, ALL GIVE US OPPORTUNITY TO BE ABLE TO EXPORT OUR PRODUCTS INTO THOSE GROWING MARKETS; AND NOT ONLY JUST FLORIDA PRODUCTS, BUT ALSO BECAUSE WE CAN BE CONNECTED VIA RAIL AND VIA TRUCK AND TO A LOT OF THE SOUTH EAST MANUFACTURING, IT CAN BE VERY ECONOMICAL TO BRING PRODUCT IN AND THEN THE TRUCKS THAT ARE MOVING TO AND FROM PORTS CAN ALSO THEN BE HAULING CONTAINERS BOTH WAYS, WHICH IS KNOWN AS A BACK HAUL. SO IT BRINGS ECONOMY TO THAT WHOLE LOGISTICS MODEL.>>YOU’VE BEEN DESCRIBING..TELL US A LITTLE BIT MORE ABOUT THE SEA PORT EFFECT. IT’S SUCH A VAST INFLUENCE. CAN YOU GIVE US A PICTURE OF THAT?>>WELL IT IS, SOME PEOPLE THINK OF SEA PORTS, BUT IN CENTRAL FLORIDA WE HAVE NO NATURAL ROCK. SO A LOT OF THE BUILDING MATERIALS, THE LIME ROCK, THE GRANITE THAT OUR ROADS, AND CONCRETE, THE LUMBER THAT OUR HOMES ARE BUILT WITH, ALL NEEDS TO COME THROUGH SEA PORTS. ABOUT 80% OF THE PRODUCTS THAT WE TOUCH, CONSUMER PRODUCTS IN THIS COUNTRY, TOUCH A SEA PORT. SOME ARE COMING FROM CALIFORNIA, THEY’RE COMING ALL THE WAY ACROSS THE COUNTRY. A LOT OF OUR FOOD SUPPLIES ARE COMING IN TO PHILADELPHIA AND WILMINGTON JUST BECAUSE IT WAS ONE OF THOSE OLDER MODELS AND IT’S BEING TRUCKED DOWN 95. SO IF YOU THINK OF WHERE FOOD IS BEING GROWN NOW, LATIN AMERICA AND SOUTH AMERICA, IT’S PASSING FLORIDA, IT’S GOING ALL THE WAY UP TO THE MID ATLANTIC REGION, IT’S GOING ON A TRUCK AND COMING DOWN. SO OUR GROCERIES ARE FOUR OR FIVE DAYS OLDER BY THE TIME THEY GET TO US.>>IT MAKES NO SENSE.>>IT MAKES NO SENSE. SO BY STRATEGICALLY HAVING GOOD SEA PORTS, AND FLORIDA HAS 15 DIFFERENT SEA PORTS. FIVE OR SIX VERY LARGE MODELS, SOME VERY SMALL MODELS. YOU CAN GET GOODS CLOSER TO WHERE THEY NEED TO BE AND THEN SAVE A LOT OF TRUCKING COST WHICH THEN REDUCES THE OZONE IMPACT. IT MAKES MORE GREEN PRODUCT, BUT IT ALSO BRINGS JOBS RIGHT HERE TO FLORIDA FOR ALL THE PEOPLE THAT NEED TO TOUCH THOSE GOODS.>>TALK ABOUT THE CONCEPT OF AN INLAND PORT AND WHAT DOES THAT MEAN IN TERMS OF RELATIONSHIPS TO SEA PORTS THEN?>>WELL WHAT IT DOES IS IT GETS THE HUB CLOSER AND I TALKED ABOUT THAT BACK HAUL WITH TRUCKS. SO LET’S SAY THE POLK COUNTY AREA HAS A LOT OF WAREHOUSE AND DISTRIBUTION AREA, OR ORANGE COUNTY HAS CERTAIN BELTS, SEMINOLE COUNTY. IT ALLOWS PRODUCT TO HAVE WHATS KNOWN AS AN INLAND PORT WHICH IS REALLY JUST A DISTRIBUTION CENTER. GOODS COME OFF OF THE SHIP, THEY GET TRUCKED THAT THAT INLAND PORT, THE MANUFACTURES OR DISTRIBUTORS WHO WANT TO EXPORT A PRODUCT, DELIVER VERY CLOSER VERY CLOSE TO WHERE THEIR BUSINESS IS AND THEN THAT PRODUCT IS BACK HAULED WITH THAT TRUCK, SO IT REDUCES THE OVER ALL COST. SO FROM WHERE PORT CANAVERAL IS LOCATED, WE CAN HAVE SOMETHING AROUND THE AIRPORT IN ORANGE COUNTY. THAT ALSO CREATES A WHOLE AIR FREIGHT MODEL. SOMETHING IN THE I-4 CORRIDOR OF DISTRIBUTION CLOSER DOWN TOWARDS LAKELAND, UP IN THE OCALA MARKET. MAYBE SOMETHING IN SEMINOLE COUNTY AND VOLUSIA SO THAT THEN THOSE POINTS OF DISTRIBUTION BRING A LOT OF ECONOMY TO MOVING OUR PRODUCT AND THE ONLY THING SOMETIMES THAT IS THE VARIABLE OF COST TO US AS CONSUMERS IS WHAT’S THE TRANSPORTATION COST OF THAT PRODUCT. SO WE CAN HOLD TRANSPORTATION COST DOWN, THEN THAT HELPS OUR CONSUMER GOODS AND STORES BEING LESS EXPENSIVE.>>THERE’S QUITE A RIPPLE EFFECT WITH THAT AND AS YOU WERE SAYING THEN, WITH THE INLAND PORTS, IT’S NOT JUST THE SUCCESS OF THE SEA PORTS ITS FOR ALL OF FLORIDA TO BE APART OF THIS.>>IT IS. SO FOR OUR COMMUNITIES AND OUR COUNTIES TO BE ABLE TO BE GOOD TARGETS FOR THE DISTRIBUTION COMPANIES YOU KNOW, A CLASSIC EXAMPLE IS TRADER JOES JUST RECENTLY ANNOUNCED THEY’RE GOING TO COME TO VOLUSIA COUNTY. WELL VOLUSIA COUNTY DOES NOT HAVE A SEA PORT SO THAT ALLOWS THE PRODUCTS THAT NEED TO BE DISTRIBUTED OUT OF THAT 750,000 SQUARE FOOT WAREHOUSE, TO COME IN TO A PORT LIKE PORT CANAVERAL OR JACKSONVILLE TO THE NORTH, IT GIVES CHOICE TO THAT COMPANY. WHERE THEIR PRODUCTS CAN COME IN, IT ALLOWS FLORIDA PORTS TO SERVE THEM AS THEY DISTRIBUTE GOODS AND THEY START BUILDING RETAIL STORES IN OUR AREA AND THE SAME THING WITH COMPANIES THAT WANT TO EXPORT PRODUCT. THIS IS A GREAT PLACE TO LIVE AS WE ALL KNOW AS CENTRAL FLORIDIANS. SO IF IT BECOMES A GREAT PLACE TO WORK AND BE DIVERSIFIED WE HAVE A GREAT AIRPORT WHICH IS GOOD SUPPORT FOR BUSINESS. WE HAVE A GREAT QUALITY OF LIFE, WE HAVE A GOOD BUSINESS TAX MODEL. IF WE HAVE GOOD LOGISTICS AND MOVEMENT OF GOODS, THAT’S SORT OF THE FINAL PEICE OF THE PUZZLE AND IT ALLOWS A MANUFACTURER TO SAY YOU KNOW WHAT? LET’S LOOK AT FLORIDA. FLORIDA WILL BE A GOOD PLACE TO PUT THAT NEW PLANT WE WANT TO OPEN. THAT CREATES JOBS, THAT THEN DRIVES CONSUMERS INTO BUYING HOMES, BUYING CARS, BUYING GOODS IN OUR PERFECT WORLD, THEY CAN AFFORD TO TAKE A CRUISE SO IT COMES BACK TO PORT CANAVERAL A SECOND TIME.>>NOW YOU’RE TALKING ABOUT THE 15 SEA PORTS. WHAT YOU’RE SAYING IS MORE OF A UNIFIED FRONT. HOW DO YOU COLLABORATE WITH 15 SEA PORTS AROUND A PENINSULA THE WAY THAT WE HAVE FLORIDA?>>FIRST OF ALL IT STARTS WITH A VERY STRONG FDOT. OUR SECRETARY OF TRANSPORTATION AND FDOT. YOU KNOW, SITS WITH THE FLORIDA PORT COUNCIL AND IT’S WHAT IS BEST FOR FLORIDA OVERALL. SO WE PUT SOME OF OUR INDIVIDUAL NEEDS AND WANTS ASIDE AND WE SAY WHAT WAYS CAN WE WORK TOGETHER? WE HAVE SOME COMMON CHALLENGES AND DEEPENING HARBORS WORKING WITHT HE ARMY CORE OF ENGINEERS MAKING SURE WE ARE ALL VERY ENVIRONMENTAL, FRIENDLY, AND GOOD STORERS OF THE ASSETS THAT WE HAVE; AND THEN WE ACTUALLY SIT AND WHEN THERE ARE GRANTS AVAILABLE THROUGH THE FSTED PROGRAM OR THE SIS PROGRAM, WE SIT AND SEE WHOSE PRIORITIES NEED TO BE MET SO THAT IF PORT CANAVERAL HAS A PARTICULAR PROJECT, WE DO A REQUEST AND THEN THE FLORIDA PORT COUNCIL AS A GROUP OF OUR 15 PORTS SITS AND TRIES TO PRIORITIZE. WHAT PROJECTS RETURN THE BEST RETURN ON INVESTMENT TO THE PEOPLE OF FLORIDA TO MAKE THAT A WORTHY INVESTMENT? AND THEN IF SOMEONE IS VERY CLOSE TO A PROJECT AND THEY’VE FALLEN SHORT, YOU KNOW THE OTHER PORT DIRECTORS WILL SAY YOU KNOW WHAT I CAN DO WITH A LITTLE LESS, I’LL DEFER MINE UNTIL NEXT YEAR AND I’LL HELP THAT PORT IN MANATEE OR OUT IN THE PAN HANDLE BECAUSE WE ALL MATTER, WE’RE ALL FLORIDIANS AND IT’S HOW WE WORK TOGETHER IN THOSE COMMON INTERESTS. RATHER THAN COMPETE HEAD TO HEAD WITH EACH OTHER IS HOW WE CAN COMPLIMENT EACH OTHER AND THERE IS SOME COMPETITION, BUT IT’S A VERY FRIENDLY COMPETITION. IF WE GET STRUCK BY A HURRICANE, IT’S HOW CAN WE HELP THEM THROUGH THAT PERIOD. WE’LL ACCEPT THEIR SHIPS, WE’LL MAKE SURE THAT PASSENGERS GET TO THE AIRPORT; WE HAD ONE OF THOSE INCIDENTS LAST YEAR WHERE TAMPA HAD A STORM. THE SHIPS WERE DIVERTED INTO PORT CANAVERAL AND WE WORKED WITH THE FOLKS FROM THE TAMPA PORT TO MAKE SURE THAT PEOPLE CAN GET TO THE AIRPORT, GET HOME, YOU KNOW STAND UNITED AS YOU SAID NOT DIVIDED.>>WELL AND YOU MENTIONED ABOUT THE DIFFERENT DEPTHS, I KNOW THAT PORT MIAMI IS THE ONLY PORT SOUTH OF NORFOLK VIRGINIA, I BELIEVE THAT GOINGS TO HAVE THAT 50 FOOT DEPTH FOR THE BIGGER CARGO SHIPS COMING IN.>>THAT’S CORRECT. RIGHT.>>DO YOU THINK THAT WILL HELP DIRECT MORE TRAFFIC AND BUSINESS TO THE OTHER PORTS IN FLORIDA?>>YEAH THERE’S A COUPLE THINGS THAT’S HAPPENING THERE. FIRST OF ALL THE FLORIDA EAST COAST RAILROAD HAS REENERGIZED THE RAIL LINE DIRECTLY INTO THAT PORT. DEPTH IS VERY IMPORTANT AS THE PANAMA CANAL DEEPENS. THE SHIPPING INDUSTRY HAS CHANGED IN A NUMBER OF WAYS. THE SHIPS ARE LARGER, THEY’RE MOVING SLOWER. IT’S CALLED SLOW STEAMING SO THEY USE LESS FUEL, BUT WHEN THEY GET TO THE PORT, THEY WANT TO GET UNLOADED QUICK AND GET BACK OUT TO SEA. THEY DON’T MAKE MONEY SITTING AT A DOCK. SO WHAT SOUTH FLORIDA OFFERS WITH BOTH PORT OF MIAMI AND EVERGLADES IS TRYING TO GET DEEPER AS WELL, IS THOSE LARGE SHIPS CAN COME IN AND THEN WHAT’S CALLED TRANSSHIPMENT CAN HAPPEN, SO THAT SHIP CAN PUT OFF ALL ITS GOODS POTENTIALLY THAT ARE COMING TO FLORIDA AND THEN A SMALL SHIP, AN OLDER GENERATION SHIP COULD THEN LOAD GOODS AND THEN GO UP THE COAST SO THAT WOULD BE A U.S. FLAG SHIP.>>I SEE. RIGHT.>>THAT’S HAPPENING OFF SHORE RIGHT NOW, SO THAT’S HAPPENING IN JAMAICA OR THE BAHAMAS OR OTHER REGIONS. SO THAT’S LOST OPPORTUNITY FOR US AS FLORIDIANS. WE’RE WORKING ON OUR HARBOR DEEPENING TO BE 55 FEET. PORT CANAVERAL HAS UNIQUE GEOLOGY, WE HAVE A VERY SOFT BOTTOM, WE DON’T HAVE CORAL REEFS HERE IN THE CENTRAL FLORIDA AREA.>>NO YOU HAVE A CLAY SOIL BOTTOM I BELIEVE, I WAS READING.>>YEAH, IT’S A VERY SOFT CLAY BOTTOM SO IT WILL ALLOW US TO BECOME A 55 FOOT DEEP PORT CONCEPTUALLY. IT WILL BE A LONG 3-4 YEAR STUDY, PUT ECONOMIC WITH THAT AND MAKE IT WORK. BUT OTHER FLORIDA PORTS THAT ARE AN OLDER MODEL ARE FURTHER UP RIVER. IT TAKES A LONG TIME TO GET UP THOSE RIVERS AND IT’S VERY EXPENSIVE TO DREDGE THOSE DEEP BUT THAT DOESN’T MEAN THEY CAN’T BE VERY STRONG AND OTHER MODLES YOU KNOW FOR INSTANCE, AUTO SHIPS ARE NOT AS DEEP DRAFT. SO IF THOSE MARKETS CAN GO AFTER THOSE PRODUCTS AND MARKETS, IT’S WHAT CAN WORK FOR ALL OF US AS A STATE.>>WELL LET’S TALK A LITTLE BIT MORE SPECIFICALLY NOW ABOUT PORT CANAVERAL. YOU ARE IN THE MIDST OF A MAJOR CAPITAL CAMPAIGN I BELIEVE IT’S ALMOST $600 MILLION DOLLARS. WHAT ARE YOUR FINANCING PLANS FOR THAT?>>IT’S A MIX. ACTUALLY OUR COMMISSION APPROVED AND WE LOOKED PROJECT BY PROJECT SO FIRST OF ALL THE PORT GENERATES INCOME. WE HAVE THE RIGHT TO TAX THE PORT DISTRICT, WHICH IS ABOUT THE NORTHERN 2/3 OF BREVARD COUNTY. WE HAVE NOT TAXED SINCE 1986. THE PORT IS FULLY SELF SUFFICIENT EXCEPT FOR SOME OF THE CAPITAL GRANTS WE GET THROUGH THE STATE AND FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. SO WE DON’T TAX THE REGION. WE GENERATE ABOUT 35 MILLION DOLLARS OF WHAT I’LL CALL FREE CASH FLOW, ADDING BACK INTO APPRECIATION. SO WE USE CASH THAT WE EARN THROUGH OUR SERVICES TO REINVEST IN OURSELVES. THERE ARE NO SHAREHOLDERS THERE’S NO PROFITS BEING DISTRIBUTED. SO WE REINVEST IN OUR FACILITIES. THE CRUISE TERMINAL THAT WE’RE BUILDING, ROYAL CARIBBEAN HAS COME TO THE TABLE AND THEY’RE GOING TO DO A SPECIAL ADDED CAPEX FEER, PASSENGER FEE THAT WILL HELP US WITH THE CAPITAL COST SO IT’S A VERY CREATIVE PUBLIC, PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP. THEN WE’RE ISSUING DEBT FOR 105 MILLION DOLLARS OF BONDS TO ONE OF THE LOCAL BANKS WHO’S GOING TO REFINANCE AT A VERY BENEFICIAL INTEREST RATE TO US, IS AT 3.36%. AND SO IT’S A COMBINATION OF OUR OWN CASH, GRANTS THAT FDOT AND THE GOVERNOR HAVE PUT UP, AS WELL AS THE REVENUE SOURCES THAT WE HAVE AS THE PORT AND THEN TRADITIONAL DEBT. SO WE TRY TO BE VERY CONSERVATIVE. WE HAVE VERY GOOD STRONG DEBT SERVICE RATIOS AND THEN EACH OF THE PROJECTS ARE EVALUATED ON A STAND ALONE PLAN LIKE A BUSINESS. EVEN THOUGH WE’RE A GOVERNMENT ENTITY WE FUNCTION LIKE A BUSINESS AND SO WE HAVE TO HAVE REVENU TO GO WITH THAT DEBT MODEL SO THAT WE CAN MOVE FORWARD AND SERVE OUR COMMUNITY. WE NEVER WANT TO BE A BURDEN TO OUR OWN COMMUNITY SO WE LOOK FOR A RETURN ON INVESTMENT, PARTNERSHIPS, OUR TENANTS DO A LOT OF CO-INVESTMENT INTO THE PORT FACILITIES SO YOU KNOW WE COUPLE THAT WITH THE PRIVATE SECTOR COMING IN. OUR FUEL TERMINAL WAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT FROM A LARGE DUTSCH MARINE FUELS AND INPORT EXPORT COMPANY SEA PORT CANAVERAL AND VTAL. HANSEN MATERIALS IS IN THE PORT DOING AGGREGATES. MARTIN MARIETTA MATERIALS, MORTON SALT, HOUSE HOLD NAMES.>>YOU HAVE QUITE A GROUP.>>YEAH SO IT’S A WHOS WHO IN THE INDUSTRY. WE HAVE A LONG PARTNERSHIP WITH DISNEY AND THE CRUISE LINE, AND DISNEY PAYS A COUPLE PARTNERSHIPS TOO.>>WELL LET’S TALK ABOUT THAT BECAUSE I THINK A LOT OF PEOPLE STILL HAVE THAT IMAGE OF PORT CANAVERAL AS A CRUISE DESTINATION ONLY. THAT’S A GREAT REPUTATION BUT YOU HAVE SO MUCH MORE. WHAT ARE SOME OF YOUR OTHER LINES OF BUSINESS?>>WELL AS I SAID A LOT OF THE AGGREGATES THAT COME INTO CENTRAL FLORIDA. SO WE BRING IN LIME ROCK, WE BRING IN GRANITE, LUMBER, NEWS PRINT. OBVIOUSLY NOT AS BIG OF A MARKET AS IT USED TO BE YEARS AGO. JUICE CONCENTRATES. FLORIDA STILL DOES A FAIR AMOUNT OF EXPORT OF JUICE CONCENTRATES, BUT SINCE WE DON’T DO AS MUCH ORANGES IN THE STATE ANYMORE WE NOW NEED TO IMPORT AS OUR POPULATION GOES UP. APPLE JUICE CONCENTRATES, FERTILIZERS THAT ARE GOING ALL OVER THE WORLD. SALTS, BOTH ON THE WATER SOFTENER AND POOL SALT SYSTEMS. AND THEN IT’S AN ARRAY OF CONTAINER PRODUCTS AND OUR BIGGEST GROWTH IS A NEW CONTAINER TERMINAL WITH TWO CONTAINER CRANES BECAUSE MOST OF THE WORLD HAS GONE THROUGH CONTAINERIZATION. NOW CRUISES STILL 80%, OF OUR REVENU MODELS. WE DO ABOUT 56 MILLION DOLLARS A YEAR IN CRUISE REVENUE. SO YOU NEVER TAKE YOUR EYE OFF OF WHAT IS YOUR FOCUS BUSINESS AND YOUR BREAD AND BUTTER IF YOU WOULD. BUT WHAT WE’RE DOING IS DIVERSIFYING AND SAYING THAT WE THINK WE CAN DO BETTER TO SERVE OUR COMMUNITY, TO SERVE CENTRAL FLORIDA, SERVE SOUTH EAST UNITED STATES. SO WE WANT TO PRESERVE AND GROW THAT CORE BUSINESS, BUT THEN START TO ADD MORE CARGO WHICH CAN CREATE THESE DISTRIBUTION CENTERS AND JOBS. WE PROJECT IN THE NEXT FIVE YEARS THAT THE PORT AND THE PORT RELATED BUSINESS WILL GROW 5,000 JOBS IN THE EAST CENTRAL FLORIDA AREA.>>THAT’S WONDERFUL.>>ABOUT 10-15,000 IN THE NEXT 10 YEARS SO IT’S A VERY STRONG MODEL.>>I WAS READING THAT YOU HAVE FOUR PROJECT AREAS UNDER CURRENT, OR PLANNED INVESTMENTS THAT IN THE FIRST ONE BEING THE CHANNEL WIDENING PROJECT. CAN YOU TALK A LITTLE BIT ABOUT THAT AND THEN RELATE IT BACK TO SOME OF THESE LINES OF BUSINESS AND WHAT THAT MEANS?>>SURE. YEAH WE’RE DOING A CHANNEL WIDENING AND DEEPENING. SO THE WIDENING IS ALL ABOUT THE CRUISE MARKET. CRUISE SHIPS HAVE GOTTEN BIGGER, AND BECAUSE THEY’RE LONGER AND THEY HAVE TO FIGHT THE WIND QUITE A BIT. A CRUISE SHIP IS ABOUT 200 FEET OUT OF THE WATER AND ABOUT 27 FEET IN THE WATER. SO THE WIND EFFECT ON A CRUISE SHIP IS HUGE AND IT GOES OUT OF THE HARBOR SORT OF COCKED ON AN ANGLE. IT’S CALLED CRABBING; WELL THE LONGER THE SHIP IS, NOW IF IT TURNS A COUPLE DEGREES AN ANGLE, IT’S NOW MUCH WIDER. 156 FOOT BEAM TURNS INTO 350 FEET WIDE AS IT GOES OUT ON AN ANGLE. SO THAT WIDENING IS ALL ABOUT MARGINS OF SAFETY, ACCOMMODATING THE LARGER CRUISE SHIPS THAT ARE IN THE MARKET.>>THE LARGER CRUISE SHIPS ARE GOING TO BE COMING IN.>>AND AGAIN THAT’S ECONOMY’S OF SCALE. ONE CAPTAIN, ONE CREW, ONE CHEIF ENGINEER, ONE HEAD CHEF. MORE PASSENGERS, IT’S AN ECONOMICAL WAY I THINK I’M PAYING ABOUT HALF WHAT I PAY FOR A CRUISE TODAY, THAN WHAT MY WIFE AND I USED TO PAY 20 YEARS AGO. SO THERE’S A LOT OF VALUE THAT COMES IN TO CRUISING BY THE FACT THAT IT’S A LARGER SHIP, MORE OPTIONS, MORE CHOICES, MORE PEOPLE THAT WANT TO BE SATISFIED AND HAVE EVERYTHING, NOT JUST A FEW THINGS. MAYBE A LITTLE ADHD IN SOCIETY TODAY, WANT TO DO SOMETHING DIFFERENT EVERY HOUR. SO THE CRUISE LINES HAVE HEARD THAT AND THEY WANT TO PROVIDE EVERYTHING THAT PEOPLE WANT TO HAVE AS AN OPTION ON THOSE CRUISE SHIPS; AND SO FOR PORTS, IT’S A BURDEN IN ONE WAY, BUT IT’S AN OPPORTUNITY IN THE OTHER SO WE’RE BUILDING BIGGER TERMINALS. OUR ORIGINAL TERMINAL WE JUST TORE ONE OF THEM DOWN WAS 25,000 SQUARE FEET. OUR NEW TERMINAL IS 185,000 SQUARE FEET. SO THE WORLD IS CHANGED.>>THAT’S A HUGE DIFFERENCE, YES.>>YEAH THE ORIGINAL SHIPS WERE 600 PASSENGERS. THESE NEW SHIPS COULD GO UP TO 6,000 PASSENGERS. SO TEN TIMES THE VOLUME OF PASSENGERS.>>NOW YOU SAID THAT DREDGING, I BELIVE YOU’RE DREDGING TO 46 FEET?>>46 FEET AND THAT’S ABOUT CARGO. IT ALLOWS FOR US AND CENTRAL FLORIDA, A LOT OF OUR OIL IS IMPORT. WE HAVE NO REFINERIES IN FLORIDA, WE HAVE NO NATURAL OIL SO IT’S ALL IMPORTED. SO AGAIN, THE ECONOMY SCALE COMES INTO PLAY. A LOT OF OUR OIL COMES FROM SOUTH EAST ASIA. THAT’S WHERE THE NEWEST MOST MODERN REFINERIES ARE. SO IT COMES THROUGH THE PANAMA CANAL OR THE SUEZ CANAL AND THEN COMES INTO FLORIDA BY SHIP. PRICE PER BARREL IS TRADED ON THE COMMODITY MARKET. TRANSPORTATION IS THE VARIABLE. IF YOU CAN HAVE A LARGER OIL TANKER, WHICH WOULD BE DEEPER IN DRAFT, YOU KNOW SINKING FURTHER DOWN INTO THE WATER, THAN YOU CAN HAVE LESS TRANSPORTATION COST PER BARREL. OUR GAS PUMPS THEN DON’T NEED TO BE AS EXPENSIVE WHEN WE GO TO THE GAS PUMP AND GAS UP OUR CAR OR OIL FOR OTHER INDUSTRIAL PURPOSES.>>IT’S AMAZING HOW THIS ALL TIES TOGETHER THROUGHOUT THE STATE AND TRANSPORTATION.>>YEAH ITS ALL ECONOMY OF SCALES. THAT LIME ROCK IF THEY CAN BRING IN 400,000 TONS VERSUS 300,000 TONS COST OF ROCK, COST OF BUILDING A ROAD, COST OF BUILDING A HOUSE COMES DOWN. SO THOSE DEEP DRAFT VESSELS ON THE CARGO SIDE NEED TO BE ACCOMMODATED. OR, THEY HAVE TO GO IN, IN THIS CASE MAYBE MIAMI BECAUSE THEY’LL BE 50 FEET, BUT THEN THAT PRODUCT NEEDS TO BE TRANSPORTED FOUR HOURS AWAY SO IT RAISES THE TRUCKING COST AND SO THE CLOSER WE CAN GET PRODUCT TO WHERE ITS END SOURCE IS, TOTAL COST OF TRANSPORTATION COMES DOWN.>>AND THAT IS ONE OF YOUR PROJECTS WITH THE NEW BIRTH, THE CARGO BIRTH CONSTRUCTION?>>CORRECT, THAT’S CORRECT, THAT’S CORRECT. WE HAVE TWO NEW CARGO BIRTHS. WE JUST GOT DELIVERY ON WHAT WE CALL THE TWINS. IT’S TWO NEW CONTAINER CRANES. SOME OF THE FOLKS JOKE AND SAY THAT WE NEED TO CALL ONE LIKE SAND HILL CRANE, AND THE OTHER ANOTHER SPECIES.>>THAT’D BE GREAT.>>BECAUSE OF OUR ENVIRONMENTAL SIDE. BUT IT’S A NEW OPPORTUNITY TO BE ABLE TO MOVE PRODUCT EFFICIENTLY. EVERYTHING IN TODAY’S WORLD IS ABOUT EFFICIENCY. SO THE OLD WAY OF UNLOADING A SHIP WAS MAN POWER AND DAVETS AND MOVE PRODUCTS SLOWLY BARREL BY BARREL. NOW A 40 OR 53 FOOT CONTAINER COMES IN, WE’LL HAVE THE CAPACITY TO MOVE FORTY OF THOSE AN HOUR TIMES TWO CRANES. THAT SHIP GETS UNLOADED WITH 80 CONTAINER MOVEMENTS PER HOUR. OUR HARBOR IS ONLY A HALF HOUR IN FROM THE SHIPPING CHANNEL, SO 30 MINUTES FROM THE SHIPPING CHANNEL IN TO THE PORT, UNLOAD HUNDREDS OF CONTAINERS IN AN 8 HOUR SHIFT, SHIP GETS BACK TO SEA. PRODUCT IS NOW SHIPPED FROM PORT CANAVERAL INSTEAD OF GEORGIA, OR PHILADELPHIA, OR SOUTH CAROLINA. TRUCKING COST GETS REDUCED FROM $2,000 DOWN TO $300. SO THOSE SAVINGS JUST MULTIPLY THROUGH. I MEAN TAKE A COMPANY LIKE ROOMS TO GO THAT BRINGS IN HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF CONTAINERS. WALT DISNEY COMPANY, HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS. WALMART, TARGET, THE NAMES GO ON. THOSE PRODUCTS 80% OF THEM COME BY SEA. SO IF THEY COME IN CLOSER, PEOPLE SAVE MONEY.>>IT HAS GREAT POTENTIAL FOR THE PORT AND ALL THAT YOU’RE DESCRIBING. YOU HAVE ANOTHER PROJECT WITH THE WELCOME CENTER AND THIS IS REALLY A UNIQUE CONCEPT. WHAT ARE YOU DOING AND WHAT ARE YOU TRYING TO ACCOMPLISH WITH THAT?>>WELL FOR A LOT OF OUR PASSENGERS WE NOW ARE SEEING 4 MILLION PASSENGER MOVEMENTS. SO IT’S ABOUT TWO MILLION PEOPLE COMING THROUGH THE PORT IN THE COURSE OF THE YEAR. AND SO THEY MAY FLY IN TO THE ORLANDO AIRPORT, JUMP ON A BUS, COME TO THE PORT. WE SEE 168 PORT OF CALL SHIPS, SO PEOPLE WHO ARE GETTING ON A SHIP IN BALTIMORE OR NEW YORK, COMING DOWN AND THEY HAVE A FEW HOURS. SO WHAT WE WANTED TO DO IS TO CREATE AN EXPERIENCE AND IT’S NOT MEANT TO BE THE WHOLE DAY EVENT, BUT IT’S ABOUT A TWO HOUR EXPERIENCE TO SAY WHO WE ARE AS PEOPLE.>>THANK YOU. IT’S A WONDERFUL PROJECT YOU’VE GOT GOING IN ALL ASPECTS FOR US. THANK YOU SO MUCH.>>MY PLEASURE, THANK YOU.>>THAT’S ALL THE TIME WE HAVE FOR OUR SHOW TODAY. PLEASE VISIT WUCFTV.ORG/METRO FOR INTERACTIVE FEATURES, SPECIAL CONTENT, AND MUCH MORE. THANKS FOR JOINING US.

    Veteran Journeying Down Mississippi River To Bring Awareness To Veterans Treatment Court
    Articles, Blog

    Veteran Journeying Down Mississippi River To Bring Awareness To Veterans Treatment Court

    August 13, 2019


    ISSUES, TOO.>>>A VETERAN HAS SET OFF ON A 2,000 MILE JOURNEY DOWN THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER TO BRING AWARENESS TO A LITTLE KNOWN PROGRAM THAT HELPS OTHER VETERANS WHO ARE STRUGGLING WITH PTSD. REPORTER SHIRELLE MOORE SPOKE WITH HIM BEFORE HE HEADED OUT THIS MORNING AND TELLS US MORE ABOUT HIS CAUSE.>>Reporter: THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER STRETCHES WELL OVER 2,000 MILES. MANY HAVE MADE THE JOURNEY DOWN THE RIVER. ONE VETERAN IS DOING IT BY CANOE TO RAISE AWARENESS TO A CAUSE THAT MATTERS MOST WITH HIM.>>I’M A VETERAN WITH PTSD. I’M BETWEEN 70 TO 100% DEPENDING WHICH VA REPORT YOU READ. I GOT HELP. NOW I WANT TO GIVE OTHER VETERANS HELP.>>Reporter: HE’S ORIGINALLY FROM KNOXVILLE, TENNESSEE. HE’S BRINGING HIS CANOE DOWN THE RIVER TO BRING AWARENESS.>>BACK ON THE STREET HERE, NOBODY KNOWS. WE FIND VETERANS RETURNING FROM COMBAT WITH PTSD. A LOT OF THEM HAVE SELF MEDICATED WITH ALCOHOL OR DRUGS, THEY GET INVOLVED WITH THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. WE KEEP THEM OUT OF JAIL, GET THEM A JOB, GIVE THEM A PLACE TO LIVE.>>Reporter: THEY’RE GOING TO FORM A MENTEE-MENTOR RELATIONSHIP. HE FEELS IN THE ONE OF THE BEST WAYS TO REACH THEM BECAUSE HE UNDERSTANDS THEIR STRUGGLES.>>WE HAVE A JUDGE THAT GIVES THEM A CLEAN SLATE. A SECOND CHANCE FOR VETERANS. I GET A LITTLE EMOTIONAL WHEN I TALK ABOUT THIS BECAUSE I’VE SEEN IT WORK. I KNOW IT WORKS.>>Reporter: STARTING HERE AT LADIES AND GENTLEMEN BEMIDJI, HOWARD’S PLAN IS TO TAKE THE NEXT THREE DAYS TO MAKE THE CANOE TRIP DOWN TO ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA. ONCE HE’S IN ST. PAUL, THE PLAN IS TO HOP ON A PONTOON BOAT AND MAKE THE REST OF THE JOURNEY DOWN TO NEW ORLEANS.>>PROBABLY 30 DAYS TO GET TO NEW ORLEANS AND ANOTHER 30 DAYS TO GET ACROSS THE INTERCOASTAL WATERWAY INTO THE TOMBIGBEE AND THEN INTO THE TENNESSEE RIVER AND BACK OVER TO UT. WE FIGURE ANOTHER 30 DAYS FOR THAT. WE’RE GIVING OURSELVES 90 DAYS, THREE MONTHS TO DO THE WHOLE TRIP.>>Reporter: JENKINS SAYS IF ANYONE SEES THE CANOE, YOU SHOULDN’T BE AFRAID TO SAY HI. HE ALSO SAYS ANYONE WHO WANTS TO TAKE A LEG ON THE JOURNEY IS MORE THAN WELCOME TO GRAB A PADDLE.>>IF THEY WANT TO SHOW UP READY TO HIT THE ROAD WITH THE CANOE, I’LL STEP OUT. I’VE GOT SLEEPING BAGS, EVERYTHING THEY’LL NEED IN HERE>>Reporter: REPORTING IN BEMIDJI, SHIRELLE MOORE, LAKELAND NEWS.>>Dennis: JENKINS PLANS TO DOCUMENT HIS JOURNEY THROUGH HIS FACEBOOK PAGE “MISSISSIPPI RIVER BOAT VETERAN.” WE HAVE THE LINK TO HIS PAGE ON OUR WEBSITE WITH THIS STORY AT