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    How to Remove Old Bottom Paint the EASY WAY? Heat gun? Sanding? Sandblasting? Patrick Childress #40
    Articles, Blog

    How to Remove Old Bottom Paint the EASY WAY? Heat gun? Sanding? Sandblasting? Patrick Childress #40

    October 19, 2019

    today we reconnect the head stay strip
    all bottom paint and what power tools we use well as you can see Patrick’s been doing
    a ton of work to the bottom of the boat more than we ever expected to do but
    it’s all for good reasons so um because we’re getting ready to
    cross the Atlantic Ocean and go to Uruguay and not sure I want to go much
    more south than that because it sounds awful cold I mean I have my requirements
    I offered her a water bottle she’s very sensitive to the cold that wasn’t very well received and
    he says how about we just cuddle underneath the blankets all the time
    every day anyway Rebecca is actually been researching a lot of heating system
    propane diesel you name it so we’ll see what we eventually can wind up with but
    in the meantime I’ve been getting all the paint off the bottom of this boat in
    preparation for new bottom paint so let’s get started I’ll show you what
    we’ve been doing normally if we are going to be hauled out for a week or two
    and I had to disconnect the head and inner forstay to fit on the travel
    lift I would just let them hang off to the side and rely on the spinnaker
    halyard and the running pole topping lift to help hold the mast in place but since
    we’re going to be here for months and months we really don’t know how long I
    want it to put the headstay back in place by putting the head stay back into
    its chain plate and going to the back Stay turnbuckle first I pull the two
    cotter pins and then unscrew the barrel of the turnbuckle just as far as it will
    go without losing the back stay I want to keep some threads inside of that
    barrel but that’ll make it as loose as possible so the mast will go forward
    bend forward fairly easily so I have the spinnaker halyard fastened at the front
    of the boat and cranked down tight and the running pole topping lift is also very
    tight against its bridle which is fastened to the bases of two lifeline
    stanchions all of this to help pull the mast forward just as much as possible so
    that we can set the clevis pin back into the chainplate and then I have a block
    and tackle setup here to the Anchor keeper pulling everything
    forward and down to get that sag out of the head stay and now I have
    it almost aligned it’s got to come down on the block and tackle just a little
    more another half inch first I ease the tension off of the jib halyard then
    tightened down a little bit more on the block and tackle and that gave me just
    the alignment I needed to slip the clevis pin in place and put the cotter
    pin back in its hold to hold everything securely while we’re hauled out and for
    the next several months the staysail will just hang off to the side out of
    the way till we get back into the water there are a lot of projects to be
    completed on this boat over the next several months but the two most major
    projects is to prepare the bottom for the application of Coppercoat, a very
    special antifouling product but that means I need to remove all the old
    antifouling and completely prepare the hull very especially for that
    application and at the same time I’ll be digging into all of these resin blisters
    above and below the waterline and treating those and making everything
    nice solid and secure for future travels across the Atlantic and and we’ll see
    how far south we get but the first major problem is to get rid of all that
    antifouling paint I really wanted to have the boat sandblasted quick and easy
    but sandblasting operations here had made such a tremendous mess of all the
    surrounding boats that they don’t allow sandblasting of boats anymore so I had
    visions of hand scraping with large two-handed scrapers like Brian Rolfe did
    on his 27 foot boat Tarka the adventurers of Tarka a very fun youtube
    channel although those scrapers are available anywhere in the US and just
    about anywhere throughout the Caribbean the largest scraper I could find in
    South Africa was this triangular scraper it just would not do so we had to check
    into other alternatives other methods we tried this
    but this paint is just far too soft it would just plug up 36 grit sandpaper
    instantly and so sanding was not an option to remove the bottom paint so we
    went out and bought two electric paint strippers warning warning using a heat
    gun to remove the bottom paint is Questionable and you should do research
    yourself if this is the best method to remove antifouling paint from your
    sailboat damage to underlying gel coat is a major concern especially with the
    heatgun in the wrong hands due to the area being overheated the substrate
    below may also be affected there are also carcinogenic fumes that are created
    when bottom paint is heated so removing it on a windy day is best
    removal with the lowest possible heat setting is preferable
    these are heaters high temperature heaters that will melt the paint and you
    follow right behind with scrapers and just scrape the adult and paint off of
    the boat a very time-consuming but it was a good thorough method to get most
    of it off this would take at least two weeks of continuous work for two and
    sometimes three men operating the powerful tools so it starts out slow but
    with a little practice each person gets their own routine their own method their
    own way of doing it and they just keep at it all day and on this one all those white spots in
    the off-white spot those are digs there it’s gone a little too deep but it’s
    unavoidable no matter how much practice you have so once all four or five layers
    antifouling paint is off we’ll go back and sand this we won’t have to smoothen
    out all of those digs that is not into gel coat this boat doesn’t have gel coat
    that’s an epoxy layer but these guns are so hot it’s possible to melt your way
    right through the whole boat if you’re not careful so after all the antifouling
    paint all the different layers that was removed from the bottom of this boat I
    took a closer look at the remaining red layer of paint what bits of it there was
    and I could see that there was repairs and patches to the boat this fairing
    compound had been placed over that red and as an experiment I took a rag of
    acetone and wiped the red paint and much to my surprise it came off in the rag
    that is not a good sign if this was any kind of a substantial barrier coat it
    shouldn’t be coming off with acetone so this is a major complication I’m going
    to be putting all kinds of epoxy fillers and epoxy barrier coat back over this
    entire hull so I need a good substrate like this white area that I really
    cleaned up and this means we have to go back and grind everything and get all of
    the red off and down to just the white Epoxy barrier coat
    Sip was just an amazing man he could run that 7 inch grinder overhead all day
    and hardly ever take a break and at the end of the day he still wouldn’t be
    tired so Sip and I both got in here with that 7 inch grinder and spent two days
    just grinding away with 36 grit paper to remove the rest of that red paint and
    then we’d go over the whole thing with a random orbit sander and 40 grit paper
    and that would smoothen everything out get it down to a nice white consistency
    and I think then ready for any other touch-ups in the way of filling up the
    ding and gouges which there weren’t many by
    the time we finished sanded with the 40 grit paper why they’re such a massive
    epoxy barrier coat on this hull is that about 18 years ago the entire hull from
    the waterline down was peeled and re- Fuberglassed that was a process to take care
    of some of the hull blisters at that time but obviously some of them have
    reappeared and that’s what I’m dealing with on this haul out these are most of
    the power tools that we have used while doing the bottom work on this boat all
    the sanding and it’s smoothing out of things but it all starts with this
    transformer the change is 110 to 240 in these four countries it can be anywhere
    in the range of 220 to 240 volts or from 240 to 110 any international boat really
    has to sail with this tool if you bring American tools with you or if you’re a
    foreigner like an Australian going to America and you intend to do any work so
    if your home bought tools don’t match the local AC current this will
    straighten it out for you so anytime we go into a new region with AC 240 current
    I have to change plugs this is a plug from Southeast Asia now
    we’re in South Africa so I changed the plug over so I can plug into their
    outlet here there’s a switch on the back I can go from 240 to 110 and I can plug
    in my american-made power tools here on this side I take over 220 volts aside so
    that I and anybody else who helps will not be plugging the power tool my 110
    power tool into the 220 by mistake and it just makes it run twice as fast and
    you can’t slow the darn thing down it hasn’t burned it out but we have only
    made that mistake for very short periods of time if you plug anything electronic
    like a battery charger a 110 battery charger into the 240 side ZAPPO.. you’ll
    hear it pop and that Chargers will be no good anymore blows out the circuit
    right away move over to the porter-cable the seven-inch disc size porter-cable i
    bought this back in when was that 1987 and did a lot of grinding on houses prep
    rate prepping them for painting and it’s still good
    several years ago about five years ago when were hauled out in kudat on the
    very north end of the island of Borneo a bearing gave out inside here and I
    thought the machine was dead but Rebecca went down to a local tiny little
    hardware store they had the bearing that goes inside and the same day I had it
    functioning again so a lot of these tools you think they’re dead because the
    berries burn out or the brushes burn out you might smell them burning electrical
    fire and they stopped working simple replacement of the parts get them
    going again I like this tool it normally comes with
    a handle I don’t know what happened to it we never really used that side handle
    anyway we just hang on to it like this but there’s a backing plate here paper sometimes it isn’t stiff enough I’ll put
    on two pieces of sandpaper and really make it stiff for the type of grinding
    that I want to do normally you only use the outer 1/3 of the disc you don’t hold
    this flat against the surface just the outer 1/3 and you don’t really want to
    use just the outer tip either it’s a waste of paper then there are times when
    I really need a flexible piece of paper on here to get into grooves and I’ll
    just put the paper without this backing plate onto this little backing rubber
    pad here and that way this disc can really fold into places and get a nice
    curved surface where we need it very versatile in Porter cable made in America
    out of other countries they’ve never heard of that brand this is something I
    bought in 1987 also a rant porter-cable random orbit sander it’s done a tremendous
    amount of work over the past 12 years on the bottom of this boat and these Velcro discs that go on the front here… this is a six inch disc so it’s very very efficient in just
    the other week after all these decades of use like I say 1987 I bought this
    thing the bearing went out inside here and then there again I thought being
    american-made here we are halfway around the world the local repair shop had the
    bearing to fix it with a lot of these parts internal parts are universal so as
    soon as I drop this off at the shop to be fixed I went out and bought this one
    because we had to keep working yeah this is the bosch 6-inch random orbit sander
    it is 220 volt and the guys who have been working on this boat they seem to
    like this one better than the porter-cable it’s a little faster a
    little more aggressive in the way it sands and it also has a dust collection
    on the back but we never use that of course we don’t have a good vacuum to
    set it up but that possibility is there where the Porter Cable doesn’t have a
    dust collection system all these tools we carry on the boat it all stuffed away
    somewhere this palm sander is great for getting into tight places it’s good for
    paint prep especially on wood work this is a gen tools I never heard of gen
    tools I bought it used up in Kudat when we were hauled out and I’m very
    surprised I mean the price of of it it certainly cheap on it and I’m surprised
    it’s still working after all this time this angle grinder is almost as old as
    the other two discs Sanders and I started out using this with a masonry disc
    just to kind of dig into some of these bubbles and and blisters but being such
    a stiff disc it’s hard for me to get a nice contour I would have to go back and
    sand it with a random orbit sander or something else to help smooth and out
    and round out the contour… a smoother less aggressive disc would certainly do
    a better job when we decided that we had to heat strip the four or five layers of
    antifouling off of this boat I just went out and bought the cheapest heat
    guns because it was going to be a one job use it seemed like all the heat
    settings amongst the brands were really the same so I just went with price and
    it lasted through the job I have no more use for them now they’ve paid for
    themselves I feel this is 220 of course since I bought it locally here in South
    Africa uses their two prong South African plugs which is strange because
    you can’t plug this in to a wall outlet you have to use this kind of a plug so
    it takes an adaptor plug this into here and now I can plug it into the extension
    cord or a wall outlet my 110 deWalt boy this is an oldie too but I used this for
    putting in a wire wheel for cleaning up bronze fittings through holes also the
    prop strut in the English steel rudder shaft but it’s also good for using these
    little links the drum Sanders put these in here and I can get a nice contour in
    different areas then there’s different sizes I got these actually had a shop
    that sells a dremel tools the good variety of tools is what you
    need for doing this kind of work like I say these tools go with this everywhere
    and they’ve all more than paid for themselves . So Sip, who’s the best person
    you ever worked with? Who me? yeah. Well you! me? yeah! No…. why is that? because
    your good boss , good pay! yeah? yeah! I might have to give you a raise next year!! Oh that would be good…Id thank you for that! That would be good! of course we just reversed that . Yeah you the good boss! WELL, if you ever come to Richards Bay you need a good help, come talk to Sip!
    that’sit…yeah don’t forget miss miss Rebecca inside here! next time we find
    that for decades there has been something quite missing from our keel
    and we’ll see what other projects we have made major advances on also up in
    the video description there is a link to a tip jar if you don’t mind helping out
    thank you very much and we’ll see you next time

    How To Create a Cheese Board | ENTERTAINING WITH BETH
    Articles, Blog

    How To Create a Cheese Board | ENTERTAINING WITH BETH

    October 19, 2019

    – Hey guys, today I thought
    I’d show you how to create one of my favorite appetizer
    ideas, a cheese board. I love a cheese board because
    it’s the kind of thing that you can just set and forget and if you have a house
    full of family and friends and you’re running around
    trying to get the meal ready, you’ll love a cheese board too. Let me show you how to put
    together my go-to selection for a flawless looking cheese board. So step one, pick your
    favorite cutting board. You could do a rectangular cutting board, you could do a square cutting board. I also like a round cutting board, because I find that it makes
    a really pretty presentation. But any boards you have will do. So the first thing
    we’re gonna do is create a little center piece
    for our cheese board. A cheese board is much like
    a table and you wanna create visual interest by drawing
    your eye to the center. And for me, especially this time of year, when grapes are in season, I like to do a selection of grapes. I’ll usually take some green grapes, mix it with some red grapes and
    then add some purple grapes, again just adding nice
    visual interest to the center of our cheese board. So the first cheese I like
    to use is something runny. So I’ll take a nice French Brie and then the second
    cheese that I like to use is a salty cheese. And for me that’s a
    really nice blue cheese. Then when placing your cheese,
    place the triangles out. That way I think it’s
    a lot easier for people to serve themselves. Then I also like to
    include a mild flavored, almost neutral cheese, and for that I’ll use a goat cheese log. And then lastly, I also like
    to include a sweet cheese like a Stilton, and this time
    of year you can find them with dried fruits. I like to use either apricot or cranberry, either one is great. Now that we have all of
    our cheese on our board, we’re gonna go ahead and pair this cheese with some crackers. And I like to provide a
    variety of flavors and textures with the crackers like
    we did with the cheese. Okay, so for the Brie, I love
    this cheese because it pairs really well with salty things
    as well as sweet things. But because we already have
    some sweet cheese on the board we’re actually gonna turn it into salty and pair it with some olive bread. I love nice sliced olive bread with Brie, it’s such a great combination. So we’re just gonna nestle that bread right next to the cheese
    and this is what makes a cheese board so easy, as
    everything is on one board. And when it comes to the goat
    cheese, we’re gonna use some rosemary crackers. I love these little rosemary
    flat breads that I can find at the store. You can just break them
    up and nestle them in with the cheese. Then when it comes to the
    blue cheese, I love to pair it with something sweet. I think there’s a great
    combination between the saltiness of the blue and the sweetness of something like a raisin cracker. And then when it comes to the
    Stilton, I like to pair that with something sweet and flavorful like a little Brioche toast. Then the next thing that
    I think is really great on a cheese board is some texture. So we wanna have a combination of things that are chewy and
    things that are crunchy. So for the chewy side I like
    to add some dried cranberries. That’s a great thing to add
    especially this time of year and some dried apricots. And on the crunchy side
    we’re gonna add some candied pecans and some candied walnuts, two great nuts that are
    terrific with cheese. Now you could stop here and
    you would have a very lovely cheese board, but you if want
    it to kick it up one notch then you could also offer
    a selection of spreads. For me, some of my go-to favorites are some olive tapenade for something salty, some honey for something sweet, some pepper jelly for
    a little bit of kick. Now if you’ve never had
    pepper jelly before, it’s really delicious and
    especially paired with cheese. It’s basically jam that’s
    made from a selection of red peppers, green
    peppers and spicy peppers and it’s really nice on a
    cracker with some cheese. And lastly, a little bit of fig jam. I love fig jam because it can
    go sweet, it can go savory, it’s the perfect type of
    thing to serve with cheese and it also is a great
    flavor this time of year. So now that you have all of
    these delicious ingredients out there just waiting to be combined, let me share with you some
    of my favorite combinations. For a Mediterranean twist, you
    can take a rosemary cracker, top it with a little bit of goat cheese, add a dollop of tapenade and you will head to the south of France in one quick bite. Then for something that’s
    really salty and sweet and is really delicious,
    you might wanna try a raisin cracker with a
    little bit of blue cheese and drizzle of honey and a candied walnut. And let me tell you, this
    is another really great flavor combination. And lastly, I also really
    love this combination, some Brioche toast, a
    little spread of Brie, a dollop of fig jam, add some candied pecans. This is another winner in my book. But hey, you guys try them all, tell me what combinations you like best. I love a cheese board because
    it becomes so interactive with your guests, because
    everybody of course wants to try their own flavor combinations and it keeps them all really busy, while you’re in the kitchen
    getting the meal ready. So I hope guys give this
    one a try and let me know what you think, and I will see
    you back here the day after Thanksgiving for a really
    great leftover idea. Hold on to that cranberry sauce. All right, I’ll see you then, bye. ♫Loving you is easy, you’re amazing ♫Please take a bite of my apple pie ♫Oh, love, loving, love, loving you ♫It’s a piece of cake ♫Oh yes, yes, it’s true, yes, it’s true ♫Because it’s you♫

    Secrets of supermarket meat and fish: Testing the food you buy (CBC Marketplace)
    Articles, Blog

    Secrets of supermarket meat and fish: Testing the food you buy (CBC Marketplace)

    October 19, 2019

    (♪)>>Erica: Tonight, onMarketplace…>>It’s a guessing game here, how would anyone know?>>Erica: A shopping trip you won’t want to miss. We put the food you eat every day to the test. What do you mean by profiteering?>>People who are engaging in food fraud.>>Erica: Question what you buy, and buy into, when it comes to filling the cart.>>This was living inside of me.>>Erica: We’re about to reveal food secrets that just may change the way you eat for good.>>Now you’re really freaking me out. (♪)>>Erica: Ready to go shopping?>>Sure am.>>Erica: We’re picking up a few groceries. (♪)>>Just going to grab a couple of those.>>Erica: Teaming up with Maria Lianos-Carbone. She’s a mom,Marketplaceviewer, and writes a lifestyle blog.>>Okay. Let me grab a cauliflower.>>Erica: Maria tries hard to make healthy choices. But that’s sometimes easier said than done. We’ve taken popular items you buy every week to the lab and uncovered food secrets we’re about to share. (♪)>>Erica: First item on Maria’s grocery list, fish. This all looks liket, fish. it’s fresh filet. Maria looks for wild salmon ’cause she’s heard it’s better than farmed.>>I think I’m probably going to buy wild salmon or wild sole.>>Erica: But once you remove the skin and fillet a fish –>>Let’s check out some of the labels here and see what we can see.>>Erica — it can be pretty hard to tell what’s what.>>This is Atlantic salmon. I’m guessing that is probably farmed.>>Erica: So how much can you trust those labels? To find out, we put fish from the grocery store to the test. Over 150 pieces. Prepped them in theMarketplacekitchen, then sent them to the University of Guelph.>>Here are some of the samples that we received from you.>>Erica: Biologist Robert Hanner helps develop a method to genetically identify fish. He can tell us if the fish we paid for is really the fish we got. And what did he find?>>Consumers are definitely being ripped off.>>Erica: Out of the 153 samples tested, more than one fifth were mislabeled. Ranging from some labeling technicalities to the wrong fish altogether. With the cod, you tested it. We thought it was cod. What did it turn out to be?>>Well, we found both haddock and pollock being substitutedk for cod in the market.>>Erica: And the price difference? Fillet of cod goes for about $7.99 a pound, but get this, pollock, only $4.99. And if you buy your fish with sustainability in mind –>>The label just says shark steak, and it actually turned out to be sandbar shark. What’s the problem with that?>>Well, the problem is that the sandbar shark is a threatened species that is not supposed to be in our food chain here in Canada.>>Erica: Turns out it’s not on the list of approved fish to sell in Canada.>>I would say rather weak legislation that doesn’t punish people who substitute one fillet for another have driven profiteering in this area.>>Erica: What do you mean by profiteering?>>Well, people who are engaging in food fraud.>>Erica: What do you think about the fact that you could be buying something and paying for something that you’re not actually getting?>>That’s terrible. I want to be able to trust in the label and know what I’m buying.>>Erica: As for Maria’s choice to buy wild salmon, our results expose problems there, too. One of our tests was labeled as Pacific salmon and when you tested it, you found it was what?>>Well, we found it farmed Atlantic salmon and in some cases –>>Erica: Farmed?>>Yeah.>>Erica: Not wild Pacific salmon.>>Not wild, no, and Atlantic salmon is often substituted in for wild Pacific salmon.>>Erica: So our first food secret revealed. The fish you buy may not be the fish you get.>>Erica: You’re making a choice and yet it turns out that choice may not be accurate.>>Right, I’m trying to make a healthier choice and if I’m thinking I’m buying it but I’m really not, yeah, that’s gonna really upset me.>>Erica: That’s why other countries are using DNA testing to prevent fish fraud but in Canada, we’re not doing enough, says Hanner.>>It is disappointing that it was developed here in Canada and hasn’t become part of our policy first.>>Erica: We asked Health Canada for an interview to ask what’s being done to fix all this mislabeling. All we get is a statement saying “the Canadian Food Inspection Agency is developing a plan to verify that fish in the marketplace is appropriately labeled.” So you going to grab some fish?>>Yeah, I’m going to get this this wild salmon.>>Erica: Okay, let’s hope that’s what it is. (♪)>>Erica: Next up on Maria’s shopping trip, beef. We sure eat a lot of it. About a pound a week each. Okay, what kind of beef do you like to buy?>>My husband really likes steak so I tend to buy T-bone or strip sirloin.>>Erica: How does your husband like it cooked?>>Just on the grill.>>Erica: How does that look?>>Yeah, these are good.>>Erica: But it’s what Maria can’t see that we’re about to shine a light on in our next food secrets. (♪)>>Erica: For that, my co-host Tom Harrington.>>Where’s the beef? In the box.>>Erica: Teams up with food safety expert Rick Holley at the University of Manitoba.>>What do you think, is this going to do?>>Oh, absolutely. This will just be fine.>>Erica: Fine for a piece of equipment used in processing a lot of the beef we eat. Something called a mechanical tenderizer.>>Okay. We’re in business.>>Erica: Needles inside this machine are used to penetrate deep into the meat, make our steaks and roasts more tender but this microbiologist says that process also increases the chances of making us sick. So how risky is it?>>We’re going to massage the meat, are we?>>Yes, we are.>>Erica: We started by slathering the beef with a special orange dye.>>So the orange gel here is essentially replicating E. Coli sitting on the surface of the meat.>>Exactly so.>>Erica: In the dark, this gel will show up anywhere it’s spread.>>Let us feed the beast. (♪)>>That’s good, Tom.>>Erica: The needle marks soon disappear but we’ll still see any gel that gets pushed inside.>>Turn the lights out, please.>>Look at that. So we’re in there — two centimetres, three centimetres.>>Erica: Scary enough seeing gel pushed into the meat. And when we repeated the test using real E. Coli? 10% made it deep inside.>>Is that enough to make somebody sick?>>I would have to say it probably would be.>>Erica: In our test, we also discovered you have to cook your steak to at least medium-well to kill any E. Coli inside.>>Do you think people cook their steaks long enough to kill E. Coli let’s say in that amount inside a steak?>>I don’t.>>Erica: And that’s our next food secret. Your beef may be mechanically tenderized and needs to be cooked to at least 71 degrees. (♪)>>Erica: Sure not common knowledge.Sure not common>>Canadian consumers continue to be our top priority.>>Erica: Which is why federal Minister of Agriculture Gerry Ritz promised to introduce labels for tenderized beef. Back at the grocery store, Maria and I look for any sign of labels.>>Do you see anything here that says tenderized? Nothing there, just the price, the weight. It’s a guessing game here. How would anybody know?>>Erica: No labels to be found, and when we check more than 20 grocery stores across the country…>>Doesn’t say.>>Erica: We only find one with the right label at a Toronto Fresh Co. So, there’s a good chance that something here has gone through that process. And you have no idea.>>It’s annoying because I want to know what I’m eating, and I’m just — like there’s always something coming up that, you know, makes me question the food industry.>>Erica: Health Canada won’t talk on camera about this one either. Instead, they E-mail, “Health Canada plans to begin consulting with Canadians in the coming months.” And that new labeling requirements should be initiated in 2014. So since most tenderized beef has no labels, we designed one of our own. What do you think if we just stuck that right there? This meat has been mechanically tenderized and you should cook it to a minimum of 71 degrees. Wasn’t hard to come up with. But Canadians, it seems, will have to wait. When we come back.>>Mommy, what’s for dinner tonight?>>Erica: The safest way to make your family’s favourite meal. And a popular lunch meat comes clean or does it?>>That does surprise me actually. (♪) (♪)>>Erica: We’re cruising the grocery store, revealing secrets behind some of the familiar foods you put in your cart. Helping us out, “Marketplace” viewer Maria Lianos-Carbone. Next on her list, chicken. Do you guys eat a lot of chicken at home?>>We do. I try to mix it up.>>Erica: Chicken is the most popular meat in Canada so farmers want to grow them big, fast.>>I often wonder with larger ones what they’re feeding the chickens to make them grow so big so fast.>>Erica: So you’re concerned about what they might be getting as they’re being raised?>>Right.>>Erica: And when we reveal our next food secret, she may be even more concerned. All done. But first, back to Maria’s. (♪)>>Mommy, what’s for dinner tonight?>>Erica: Maria is extra careful when she preps chicken because she knows bugs like salmonella can make you sick but she doesn’t know just how sick. At McMaster Hospital in Hamilton, we meet up with a guy who found that out the hard way.>>I’m a pretty healthy guy, I’m in good shape, I exercise and I do all the sort of right things and this hit me really hard.>>Erica: Gerry Wright was sick from food poisoning for months. I.V. antibiotics weren’t working.>>I guess about 24 hours after I was at the hospital, they called me up to tell me, guess what, you have salmonella growing in your blood stream and this is why you’re so sick.>>Erica: Turns out he’d been infected with a strain of salmonella resistant to antibiotics. A superbug. How serious is that?>>Well, you can die from sepsis.>>Erica: So why are bugs like this becoming resistant? Because farmers give the same antibiotics we use to animals like chickens to prevent disease and to make them grow bigger faster. The problem is the more drugs used, the more resistant the bacteria chickens gets, turning them into superbugs. To find out how often these superbugs end up on grocery store chicken, “Marketplace” put that to the test, too.>>Chicken legs, perfect.>>Erica: Bought a hundred samples of chicken and took them to the lab for analysis. What we found, two-thirds had at least one superbug. Get sick from one of them, some antibiotics may not work.>>After you.>>Erica: Gerry Wright says our test results should be a real wake-up call, and he would know. Not only did he get sick from one of these bugs, he’s also the head of infectious disease research at McMaster University. This was in your blood stream.>>This was living inside of me, yes.>>Erica: Stronger antibiotics helped Wright pull through, but he worries we’re running out of options.>>It’s the bugs against the drugs, and the bugs are winning.>>Erica: And worse news. Recent studies show the number of some superbugs on chicken is on the rise. So take note of our next food secret. Your chicken may be contaminated with superbugs.>>Honestly, I thought our food industry was a lot better here.>>Erica: I was watching you prepare your chicken today. How confident are you that you didn’t get cross-contamination anywhere?>>Um, I usually am pretty good with that, I think, anyway.>>Erica: So, what will she think of our next test when we ask two volunteers to do the same thing Maria just did, cook some chicken?>>I’m going to grab some chicken here.>>Erica: But this time under the watchful eye of UBC food microbiologist Kevin Allen who first covered the chicken in that special gel. To see what gets contaminated.>>There we go.>>Erica: Okay. The volunteers got cooking.>>So thinking that we’ll maybe bake these and maybe we’ll do a little stir fry.>>Erica: Baking the chicken will kill any superbugs but we turned off the lights to see if contamination from the raw chicken had spread. First, Allen checked the frying pan.>>It’s actually quite intense.>>Erica: Then the bowl. The tea towel and their hands.>>We can see some of the contamination.>>Crazy.>>Erica: Contamination from the chicken showed up even though our volunteer washed her hands three times.>>Is it still live bacteria?>>Still contagious for months.>>How confident are you now that your kitchen would be okay if we turned out the lights?>>No, no, I would have to clean and scrub everything again.>>Erica: Because these germs spread so easily, we want to know what Health Canada is doing to fight the rise of superbugs. They tell us they’re actively working to promote anti-microbial stewardship. And the chicken farmers of Canada, they say they’re working to control, monitor, and reduce anti-microbial use in chicken farming. Coming up, why you’ll want to take a closer look at your sandwich meat.>>So why do they hide that? (♪) (♪)>>Erica: We’re putting some of the most popular foods we eat to the test. Revealing food secrets some might prefer you might not know. The final item to pick up, deli meat.>>I’ll probably buy something, the Natural Selections.>>When Maria gives her family cold cuts, she opts for what she thinks is a healthier choice. Maple Leaf’s Natural Selections brand.>>Turkey with natural ingredients, no preservatives added.>>Erica: No preservatives sounds good to her because she wants to avoid nitrites, a common preservative. And no wonder, nitrites may be one reason deli meats have been linked to cancer. Important to Maria ’cause what she buys here… (♪)>>Okay, I’m going to make you some turkey sandwiches for tomorrow.>>Okay.>>Erica: Goes in her children’s lunches here. At first glance, the deli meat Maria bought appears to be preservative-free, but hmm, look closer. Beyond those naturally-occurring preservatives and nitrites in the ingredients … Yep, see that simple-sounding ingredient, cultured celery extract? It’s actually a nitrite by another name. But do people get that? Not most of these shoppers.>>My exception is they would be — try to suggest that this is better for you.>>I looked at the cultural celery extract and I figured, okay, dehydrated celery, not too bad.>>I think it’s misleading.>>Erica: And that’s our final food secret. All packaged deli meats have preservatives. You’re a savvy shopper, you read labels and even this wasn’t clear to you.>>Yeah, it definitely went under the radar for me.>>Erica: You feel deceived?>>Yeah, I do.>>Erica: Maple Leaf tells us they provide information so that consumers can purchase foods that is right for them. But changes may be coming. We learn the Canadian Food Inspection Agency is reviewing the use of certain claims on deli meats made with the cultured celery ingredient. So until things change, some survival guide tips for your next grocery trip. Watch out for tricky labels. Making chicken? Cook thoroughly and wash up well to avoid the spread of bugs. And ask if the beef you’re buying has been tenderized. If so, cook it at least medium-well.>>Do you want ketchup for your chicken?>>Erica: Our food secrets leave our “Marketplace” shopper armed for her next grocery shop but frustrated.>>I mean, I shouldn’t have to worry so much about, you know, what I’m feeding my family.>>Can we eat now?>>It should be a lot more than it is today. (♪)

    Norway’s Salmon Farming Crisis | The Fish on My Plate | FRONTLINE
    Articles, Blog

    Norway’s Salmon Farming Crisis | The Fish on My Plate | FRONTLINE

    October 19, 2019

    But, you see…>>GREENBERG: The Vosso is a legendary river with a legendary salmon. Except, in this marketing film, it’s a make-believe, computer-bred salmon.>>This is Mowi.>>Luckily, it’s only half of my name, so that’s good.>>GREENBERG: Frederik Mowinckel’s uncle was an early fish farming pioneer. His company– and his name– got swallowed up by an industry giant.>>My uncle would never… He would never have allowed this sort of animal farming.>>GREENBERG: Frederik says he never thought much about his relative or the industry until this farm suddenly appeared off his summer cottage. We have this expression in the states– NIMBY, “not in my backyard.” People don’t want things in their view sheds. Is this just a NIMBY issue?>>I don’t think that’s very fair. Did that particular farm trigger my deep-rooted interest in getting to the bottom of what is actually going on in the salmon farm? Yes. We have an issue with escaped salmon that mixes with the wild, we have an issue with sea lice, which is also affecting the wild salmon. We have the overall pollution. Those are the major issues that I have with salmon farming.>>GREENBERG: The Vosso salmon, which for millennia returned to these home waters, was the biggest of all Atlantic salmon. Now, like many other salmon runs in Norway, there are more escaped farmed fish in this river than wild salmon. And the Vosso salmon is threatened with extinction.>>There is a nursery program. They are trying to bring the salmon back, and that makes this even more ridiculous, because the salmon isn’t there anymore. The number of wild salmon has been reduced dramatically over the years, and one of the main reasons is all the disease and sea lice and everything that happens as a result of salmon farming.>>GREENBERG: Sea lice– I didn’t know much about these small marine parasites that attach to juvenile salmon and feed off the gills and through the skin. So I found Lars Asplin at the Institute of Marine Research.>>Here, you see how it looks like. It’s more, like, in a swarm of bees.>>GREENBERG: This is a computer model of how sea lice from a single farm can breed and spread, infecting the wild salmon. Can sea lice actually kill salmon?>>Yes, 100-gram fish, if they have more than ten sea lice, we usually regard it to be lethal.>>GREENBERG: Lethal? Imagine the same process duplicated on a thousand farms up and down Norway’s coast. Meanwhile, the government has looked at plans to expand the industry as much as five times. But they know they have problems. Is the sea lice a real serious problem?>>Yes, it’s a problem. If the number of sea lice in the farmed fish is higher, then you can get the pressure also for the wild salmon. It’s the fish farmers, they’re responsible to get rid of it and they have used chemicals and that’s been a problem. Of course it’s not good for the environment, and it’s also a problem with resistance.>>GREENBERG: Curiously, these are not even Atlantic salmon in the farm the fisheries director brought us to. They’re rainbow trout. It is an unusually fat rainbow trout, fatter than you would see in nature, I believe. It’s a farmed animal. I don’t think anyone would ever compare a wild pig with a farmed pig, and, I don’t know, if you’re going to eat farmed land animals, I don’t think you could make too much of a beef about eating farmed ocean animals. If you’re going to be a vegetarian, on the other hand, that’s another way to go. I mean, I could see a vegetarian criticizing all this, but I can’t really see a meat-eater criticizing all this, so… All right, let’s return you back to the water. Enjoy your last few days. I think you’ve got three days till harvest, so enjoy them, and I’m sorry that it had to end up this way for you. Oh, dear. Oh, there he goes. I fell in love with the ocean because it was the last great wild place where you could find the last wild food. Is this the shape of the ocean to come? Selectively bred rainbow trout? And invasive species, not even native to Norway, taking up residence here by the millions so that people all over the world can eat the same domesticated thing. And what about the farms you never get to see? What kind of safeguards are they taking in China, in Chile, in Vietnam? And all the other fish we eat that are grown in pens like this? Half the fish on our plates are farmed today. And half the fish I’ve been eating are farmed. They’re just too hard to avoid. That includes Norwegian farmed salmon, which, for the most part, is pretty good. But I still eat it with regret, because I know we can do better.

    National Safe Boating Week 2019 -1
    Articles, Blog

    National Safe Boating Week 2019 -1

    October 19, 2019

    Hi, I’m Sgt. Will Gilmer with Illinois Conservation Police. The reason I’m here today is to make sure
    you’re aware of boat safety week next week and to wear your life jacket while you’re
    out on the water.

    Making A Boat Fender Cover
    Articles, Blog

    Making A Boat Fender Cover

    October 19, 2019

    Eric: This video will show how to build a
    fender cover. We’re going to build it from a Boat Blanket Protection Kit from Sailrite.
    This material’s tough enough to be used as a fender cover, but also soft enough to
    protect your boat. The kit includes enough material to build several depending on the
    size of your fender. Let’s get started and show you how.
    To cut the Boat Blanket Material to size, measure the length minus the eyes. Then measure
    the circumference of your fender plus 1”-2”. Now take the Boat Blanket Material and cut
    a rectangle with those measurements you just took. You can use a soapstone pencil here
    to mark the fabric. If you don’t have that, you can use a pencil. Mark on the backside.
    Then cut it with a simple pair of shears. We’ll next be installing the hooked Velcro.
    We want to install it on the rough side, not the soft side. This hooked Velcro should be
    positioned down the length of one side of Boat Blanket Material along its edge, not
    the circumference. Cut this Velcro equal to the length of the Boat Blanket Material you
    cut out. Then take it over to your sewing machine and sew a straight stitch down both
    edges, remembering to reverse the beginning and the end of your stitches. Make the stitch
    length as long as possible with your sewing machine. We’re sewing it with a Sailrite
    111 Sewing Machine here. There we did some reversing.
    We’ll now create darts, or pleats, along the top and the bottom edge. Each dart will
    shorten the edge by about 2”. The edge should be shortened and totaled about 2/3rds of its
    length. Here’s an example for you to follow. Divide the length of the edge by the number
    of darts plus one. The example here we have 5 darts. You would divide the length by 6.
    If your top and bottom edges were 29”, you’d divide that by 6 equaling 4.8”. Each dart
    should be spaced approximately 4”-5” apart. Then mark it on the fabric with a soapstone
    pencil or with just a regular pencil. When finished, the edge will be about 2/3rds of
    its normal length. We’re marking on the inside of this fender cover; this is not the
    soft side. Now mark at each one of those positions 2” with the mark that you made for the dart
    in the center. Then measure from the mark in the center down 3”. We’ll create pleats
    here. So we’re making little triangles. There’s the center line and now we’ll
    just match up the end of that center line with a mark at the top 1” away from that
    center pleat line, and obviously on this side as well. We’ll do that at each of the darts.
    We’ll obviously have to do this on the other end as well, but we’ll start here. Now we’ll
    just fold the material together down the center line and sew, reversing at the beginning and
    the ending of our stitch. Fold it together like this, take it to the sewing machine,
    and sew a straight stitch with the longest stitch possible, reversing here at the beginning
    and reversing here at the end. That’s all there is to it. Do that on every one of those
    pleats. Let’s show this just a couple more times and then we’ll be moving on. Alright!
    Here’s what it looks like when you’re done with the end. Now we’ll take shears
    and cut off the excess material- approximately ¼” from the stitch. Do that on every one
    of those. Now let’s do it to the other end. We’ve already marked it, now we’ll sew
    it, and now we’ll show you what it looks like complete. This is your fender cover made
    with the Boat Blanket Material. This material is a solution-dyed polyester so it’s resistant
    to UV, chemicals, and mildew. It will remain soft and very abrasion resistant. It definitely
    protects your boat, rather than just the fender against your boat.
    An option that’s not included in the Boat Blanket Protection Kit is to add 1” acrylic
    binding to each of the edges to dress up your fender cover. We’re using the 1” Swing
    Away Binder here, but you can also do it by hand as well if you don’t have the binder
    attachment. By utilizing the binder attachment, it makes it easy to install binding to almost
    any edge of any fabric application. Now we’ll cut it to size and do it obviously to the
    opposite end and you’re done. Let’s show you what it looks like on this fender. If
    your fenders are 34” x 36” length, you can build four out of the kit. If they’re
    34” x 24”, you can build six. If they’re 16” x 18”, you may be able to build sixteen
    covers. This Boat Blanket Material also makes great anti-scorching sun strips. Protect your
    vinyl windows with Boat Blanket Material. I’m Eric Grant with Sailrite. Thanks for
    watching this video.

    Top 10 ways to identify the gender of Discus Fish
    Articles, Blog

    Top 10 ways to identify the gender of Discus Fish

    October 19, 2019

    Hello Friends,
    In this video I will give 10 useful tips to identify the gender of discus fish. Now people like breeding discus fish, for
    that they buy a proven pair which breeds with no problem or they buy a bunch of discus that
    is six to eight discus and then identify their gender and isolate them or isolate the naturally
    formed pair in them. Breeding discus is very rewarding if all the
    fries matures to healthy adult because each pair sells for 100$ or more in ornamental
    fish market. So if you are having difficulty in getting
    a natural pair then these 10 tips might help you to form a discus fish pair and then you
    can isolate them for breeding. Number 10, Pairing
    As I said earlier when you keep six to eight discus in a large aquarium you could see that
    after a while two discus tends to move together and isolate themselves to a separate region
    of aquarium. Seeing this behaviour you could suggest that
    they are natural pairs. But this is not proven way to identify the
    pair as sometime a pair of females or male tend to move together in friendly manner. So you should use others tips that I will
    mention later in this video to identify the gender of discus fish and then form a pair. Number 9, Colour Patterns
    Moving on the second tip to identify the gender and form a pair is by looking at the colour
    patterns. Now if you have same strain of discus like
    blue diamond or pigeon red etc. Then the discus fish with darker colour or
    more colour pattern is the male and lighter coloured with less pattern is the female. Try keep them in breeding tank and check if
    it works. Number 8, Eye Colour
    If you look closely at the discus fish of same strain then you will find that male iris
    or outer eye ring is darker and more coloured while the female’s outer eye ring is comparatively
    less coloured and lighter. You can use this identification along with
    other identification tips to confirm the male and the female discus fish. Number 7, Body Size
    In adult discus fish the males are comparatively bigger and bit more muscular than female. On the other side female will have smaller
    body size. You can also notice that the forehead is little
    bulged out in male than in female. So male discus is usually more muscular and
    bigger than female. This method is not proven way to identify
    the gender as male can also attain short growth while maturing. Use this tip with other ways to confirm the
    gender. Number 6, Behaviour
    In discus pair the male is more aggressive and territorial than female. The female is little timid and shy compared
    to male. You can notice sometime that when you put
    your hand in the aquarium discus comes towards it, they are often males while female in this
    situation tends to hide. In brief males are more aggressive than females. Now again females can become aggressive sometime
    so you have to combine this and more identification method to confirm the gender. Number 5, Lip sizes
    Talking about discus fish lip sizes the males have larger bulged out lips than female, this
    is mainly to lip lock and fight with other males for establishing its territory. So in a pair the males will have thicker lip
    sizes than females who has smaller lip sizes. Number 4, Dorsal Fins
    In adult discus fish if you notice their dorsal fins then you can see some time that dorsal
    fins have pointed tip and in some other discus they have rounded tip. So it is said that the males usually the have
    pointed shape in the dorsal fin and females have rounded in the same place of the dorsal
    fins. This method can confirm you a pair but still
    you have to combine other methods for solid confirmation. Number 3, Fins arrangement
    In this method of arrangement we just looks at the arrangement of fins and length of the
    tail. If we draw a line from the dorsal and ventral
    fins like shown here it will either just touch the tail’s outer ending or it will just
    cut through the tail. The case where it just touch through the tail’s
    outer ending is supposed to be male’s fin arrangement and where the lines crosses through
    the tail is the female fins arrangement. I used this method on the discus I have but
    yet I couldn’t confirm their gender so this method also have to be used with other methods
    to confirm the gender. Number 2, Breeding tube
    When you look at breeding tube that is situated at bottom above ventral fins each male and
    female differ in size for their breeding tube. In adult discus breeding tubes are clearly
    visible. Female breeding tube is wider than the male
    breeding tube. Use this tip along with few other tips mentioned
    to confirm whether the discus fish pair are male or female. And at Number 1 is Egg laying
    So as we move to number 1 in the list it is more confirmed method to identify the gender. A discus fish which lays egg is obviously
    and totally confirmed to be a female. So if you see a discus fish laying egg then
    it is confirmed to be a female. While male in this case just hover over the
    laid eggs to fertilize them and you can isolate these two discus fish that does this kind
    of egg laying behaviour with total confirmation and use them for breeding purpose. If you are still watching, I will suggest
    a bonus and useful tip and that is It’s true you can identify male and female discus
    using above method but when discus form pair naturally it is most useful pair for breeding. Identifying the gender and putting male and
    female discus is not the proven method for breeding as the pair may or may not breed. Like all other breeders I also suggest that
    keep eight to ten young discus fish in large aquarium and let them form pair themselves
    as they grows to adult, this pair guaranteed to lay eggs and bring up the fries. If you still want to follow this method anyway
    identify male and female and put them in breeding tank chances they breed is purely a matter
    of luck. So that’s it and now you can also make a
    discus fish pair and select them for breeding or even cross breeding using these combination
    of methods mentioned in the list. I hope you found this video informative and
    useful. Give this video a like and share it your friends
    or discus fish lovers. Subscribe this channel if you are new and
    until next video bye and take care and thanks for watching.

    Flower Trends Forecast 2019: Ethereal Bliss with Accent Decor
    Articles, Blog

    Flower Trends Forecast 2019: Ethereal Bliss with Accent Decor

    October 19, 2019

    Soft pinks and other misty tints,
    suffused with a hint of light warm gray, dominate the Ethereal Bliss palette,
    along with rich, warm base tones. To pull it all together, look for versatile
    containers in muted neutral tones, with simple, classic shapes, a time-worn
    texture, and a soft sheen – like the Zelda Boat, an elegant oval washed in gold, or
    the family of Beverly Votives, round bowls and cylinders in faintly
    translucent mercury glass, milky on the outside and reflective within – capable of
    serving beautifully either as votives or as vases. For more about the emerging
    trends for living and decorating with cut flowers visit Flower Trends Forecast dot com

    CBS Executive Shipping Programmes
    Articles, Blog

    CBS Executive Shipping Programmes

    October 19, 2019

    I’ve basically been in the maritime industry for around 20 years. Copenhagen is definitely at the center of the shipping world, right now. You have producers, you have research for a professional mindset – – everything is here within reach. Shipping has traditionally been seen as relatively conservative. The digitalization that’s surrounding us in society – – has also come to shipping. Those who will succeed in the coming years – – are those who actually understand and embrace digital technologies. I think is very much that the industry needs to open up. If you’re not forced to change, you will not change. If you do not change your business model, – – basically your business could be gone tomorrow. Being a shipping professional, – – it can be pretty tough to keep up with new industry insights and dynamics, – – because you have a day-to-day job, you have idle ships who needs to be fixed, – – deals that need to be sealed. So you need to seek new ways, – – you need to seek partners, who can actually help you, – – not just tomorrow, but the day after. I’ve personally had a very positive experience with the shipping programs. The professors and academics, – – they are at the top of the game, – – and actually rely on broad experience, across many different industries. The programmes here at CBS executive, are definitely recommendable for – – both middle managers, top executives or people from more specialist background in the shipping industry. You get access to the latest knowledge. You can actually bring a lot more value into your job, when you return back home to your company. The reason I believe it’s important to keep your knowledge base up-to-date is that, – – it’s similar to when you take your car for service. The number one reason for people to attend, – – is the deeply rooted and professional network – – they will obtain here, – – at this place.

    Recreational Boat Simulator at 2019 Newport International Boat Show
    Articles, Blog

    Recreational Boat Simulator at 2019 Newport International Boat Show

    October 19, 2019

    Learning to run a boat is different from everyday activities. Mistakes can happen that have consequences. Remembering everything you need to bring when you’re worried about everything that can wrong makes going from novice to expert challenging. Hiring an instructor, recruiting crew members, launching the boat — whether yours or someone else’s — can get complicated and take a lot of time. The whole outing may be cancelled for adverse weather. Not to mention damaged egos, strained relations, and public humiliation — all potential outcomes — even when you think you’re prepared. What if you could learn to depart from a slip, perform maneuvers underway, and even dock a boat with none of those risks, without going out on the water? At no charge. In a convenient location. With no advanced planning. And with hands-on guidance by qualified instructors. United States Power Squadrons presents the Boating Skills Virtual Trainer. Perfect for everyone aged fourteen and over who wants to expand their boating skills — without complex logistics, exorbitant costs, and dangerous hazards. Waste no time in getting started. Get the feel of a fully functioning steering wheel, throttle, and trim tab. Use an on-screen GPS and operating depth finder. Sound the horn. Release your spring lines from the dock. Do a pivot turn, making full throws of the steering wheel alternating between reverse and forward. Maneuver through the fairway to exit the marina and get to open water. Learn to avoid over-steering by traversing the slalom at a fixed rate of speed. Perform an emergency stop. Cross the wake of other boats, and overtake or meet other vessels. Tow a person tubing. Practice operating at night with navigation lights. Respond to a person overboard emergency. Do-overs are the order of the day. Accelerate your progress to become a more confident boater — without worrying about what might go wrong. With the Boating Skills Virtual Trainer, you can’t get hurt, and you won’t hurt anyone else. Eliminate the cost of fuel and the need to board other people to help out. Experience the benefits of a certified instructor — and it’s absolutely free. Come boat where the environment is simulated, and the weather is under your control. Learn about advanced courses, on-the-water training, and all the advantages of joining America’s Boating Club, for boaters, by boaters. Be aware — this recreational boat simulator is an adult training tool, not a child’s videogame. Finally, approach and connect to a mooring. Safely perform a shoreline landing, or ease the boat onto a trailer at the boat ramp. You can even approach a dock or marina slip to practice docking. Experienced boaters will confirm: docking is the most challenging maneuver. When you’re finished, you’ll have more skills to fully enjoy the boating lifestyle.